Classroom Resources: Molecules & Bonding


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1 – 19 of 19 Classroom Resources

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Lewis Structures | High School

    Demonstration: Interactions Between Particles

    In groups of six to eight, students will observe the behavior of substances and mixtures to determine the relative strength of intermolecular forces between the particles in each substance or mixture. They will then arrange different cards representing ions and molecules based on intermolecular forces to determine the best molecular level representation of the physical samples they observed.

  • Percent Composition, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Percent Composition, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Untouchable Key Escape Room

    In this lab, students are presented with a key wrapped in aluminum foil a quantity of solid copper (II) chloride, a balance, distilled water and a selection of standard laboratory glassware and equipment. Without using their hands to touch the key, students must react the key with a copper (II) chloride solution in order to free the key and use it to escape from the chemistry classroom!

  • Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Covalent Bonding, Molecular Geometry, Lewis Structures | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Intermolecular Forces

    In this simulation, students will review the three major types of intermolecular forces – London dispersion forces, dipole-dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding – through short video clips and accompanying text. They will then answer quiz questions using the relative strengths of these forces to compare different substances given their name, formula, and Lewis structure, and put them in order based on the strength of their intermolecular forces, their boiling point, or their vapor pressure. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

  • Polarity, Ionic Bonding, Electronegativity, Bond Energy, Intramolecular Forces, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Bond Strength of Ionic Salts

    In this lesson, students will discover that dissolving salts changes the temperature of a solution even though it is a physical change. Students will first collect data during an investigation to compare the temperature change when dissolving three different salts (NaCl, KCl, and CaCl2). Then students will use magnets to construct an explanation of the temperature change based on collision of particles and properties of the metals.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Periodic Table, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Valence Electrons, Subatomic Particles, Lewis Dot Diagrams, Molecular Geometry, Ions, Lewis Structures | High School, Middle School

    Simulation: Ionic & Covalent Bonding

    In the September 2016 simulation, students investigate both ionic and covalent bonding. Students will have the opportunity to interact with many possible combinations of atoms and will be tasked with determining the type of bond and the number of atom needed to form each. Students will become familiar with the molecular formula, as well as the naming system for each type of bond and geometric shape, when applicable.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Polarity, Physical Change, Molecular Structure, Chemical Change, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: DIY Triiodide

    In this lab, students will investigate how iodine interacts with various substances. They will use color changes to justify whether a chemical or physical change is taking place. This activity is referenced in the October 2019 ChemMatters article called “Cash, Chemistry, and Counterfeiting.”

  • Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Lewis Structures | High School

    Activity: VSEPR with Balloons

    In this activity, students will explore Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory using balloon models. Since balloons tend to take up as much space as they can when tied together, they can look like models of central atoms in VSEPR theory, making a great metaphor for the model. This activity is an extension of the activity, Shapes of Molecules found on the AACT website.

  • Polarity, Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Electronegativity, Lewis Structures | High School

    Activity: Properties of Common Molecular Substances

    In this activity, students will apply their knowledge of molecular polarity, shape, and intermolecular forces to explain the differences in properties between different covalent substances.

  • Polarity, Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Electronegativity, Lewis Structures | High School

    Activity: Modeling Molecular Polarity

    In this activity, students will use electronegativity values and their knowledge of covalent bonding to model the bonds in a molecule. Using this information they will learn how to determine the overall polarity of a molecule.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Covalent Bonding, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Exploring Intermolecular Forces and Properties of Liquids

    In this lab, students will compare and assess the effects of polarity and intermolecular forces of different liquid samples.

  • Covalent Bonding, Molecular Structure, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Lewis Structures | High School

    Activity: Discovering Molecular Shapes

    In this activity, students will use tactile methods (manipulation of connected strings) and a computer simulation to discover how electron-electron repulsion determines the 3D VSEPR geometric shapes of simple covalent molecules. It will allow them to practice drawing Lewis structures as well as deepen their understanding of the connection between a molecule’s structure and its shape.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Percent Composition, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Chemical Names and Formulas Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach Chemical Names and Formulas to your students.

  • Polarity, Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Valence Electrons, Atomic Radius, Electronegativity, Lewis Structures | High School

    Project: Molecular Modeling

    In this project, students will research a molecule selected from the teacher approved list, construct a three-dimensional model of the molecule, and present their research to the class in a 7-10 minute oral presentation.

  • Catalysts, Activation Energy, Molecular Geometry, Resonance, Order of Reaction , Activation Energy, Energy Diagrams, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Downside to Catalysts - An Exploration of CFC's on the Ozone Layer

    In this lesson students will make observations of a colorful homogenous catalyst and intermediate in a reaction demonstration that will spark their interests. They will then work in teams to analyze graphs and data sets in order to make a real-world connection to AP topics in kinetics such as catalysts, intermediates and reaction mechanisms by exploring how CFCs work to break down the ozone layer. Students will also investigate and discuss this environmental issue.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Lewis Structures | High School

    Activity: Molecular Compound Dice

    In this activity students will use dice and element cards to name molecular compounds and draw their Lewis dot structures.

  • Naming Compounds, Ionic Bonding, Lewis Structures | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Ionic Bonding Puzzle

    In this activity, students match puzzle pieces to create neutral ionic compounds. Once they have made a neutral ionic compound they can use electron dot diagrams to show the formation of the compounds. Finally they will name the ionic compounds.

  • Condensation, Chemical Change, Functional Groups, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Condensation Reaction

    In this lab, students will use Lewis structures to explain the mechanism of an organic condensation reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol, also known as an esterification reaction.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Periodic Table, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Valence Electrons, Subatomic Particles, Lewis Dot Diagrams, Molecular Geometry, Ions, Lewis Structures | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Ionic and Covalent Bonding

    In this simulation, students investigate both ionic and covalent bonding. Students will have the opportunity to interact with many possible combinations of atoms and will be tasked with determining the type of bond and the number of atom needed to form each. The simulation visually differentiates between the transferring of electrons when forming an ionic compound and the sharing of electrons when forming a covalent compound so that students can have a complete understanding of each. Finally, students will become familiar with the molecular formula, as well as the naming system for each type of bond and geometric shape, when applicable.

  • Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point, Polarity, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Intramolecular Forces, Graphing, Mixtures, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

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