Classroom Resources: Chemistry Basics


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26 – 50 of 68 Classroom Resources

  • Observations, History, Conservation of Mass, Measurements, SI Units | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Antoine Lavoisier Video

    This video tells the story of Antoine Lavoisier who many consider to be the father or modern chemistry. Lavoisier discovered oxygen and hydrogen and first proposed the Law of Conservation of Mass.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, History, Model of the Atom | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Ancient Chemistry Video

    This video traces the history of chemistry from the discovery of fire, through the various metal ages, and finally to the great philosophers.

  • Observations, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Observations, Inferences, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: What is Temperature?

    In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Kitchen Reaction

    In this lab students will observe an endothermic chemical reaction involving baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid). Students will investigate the signs a chemical reaction has occurred (gas production, change in temperature). Students will perform the lab in an open system so they can see the change of mass due to gas production. This lab is a lead into the topic of conservation of mass. After the lab is completed, the teacher should do a demonstration of the exothermic reaction Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide.

  • Observations, Introduction, Elements, History, Periodic Table, Atoms, Model of the Atom, Culminating Project, Matter | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Is a Picture Worth 1000 Words?

    In this activity, students will learn about early chemistry discoveries through a textbook reading as well as from a cartoon.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, History, Interdisciplinary, Chemical Properties | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Top Secret

    In this lab, students will learn about the history of invisible ink and will have the opportunity to compare two types of homemade invisible ink recipes.

  • Observations, Density, Density, Chemical Change, Combustion, Chemical Change | Elementary School, Middle School

    Demonstration: Investigating Gas Density

    In this demonstration, students will observe a reaction between baking soda and vinegar in the presence of a burning candle. The initial environment has plenty of oxygen present in order to sustain the candle’s flame; however the reaction will produce carbon dioxide which will cause the lit candle to extinguish. Students will analyze the outcome and compare the presence of the gases in the container and make determinations about the densities of each.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Combustion, Chemical Change | Elementary School, Middle School

    Demonstration: The Jumping Flame

    In this demonstration, students will observe that the vapor of an extinguished candle flame is ignitable.

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Scientific Method, Chemical Properties, Mixtures, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Test Tube Separation

    In this lab, students will mix four substances in a test tube and recreate the original four layers through chemical and physical means.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Redox Reaction, Scientific Method, Electron Transfer, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Test Tube Geology

    In this lab, students will observe a reaction between an iron nail and copper(II) sulfate in a test tube over the course of several days, modeling how a similar reaction occurs to form copper deposits in the earth. Students will also modify the procedures to evaluate how changing a factor of their choice affects the results of the test tube reaction, introducing them to concepts of experimental design. It also introduces students to my version of the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH).

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Interdisciplinary, Scientific Method, Mixtures | Middle School, High School

    Activity: How Do We Clean Up An Oil Spill

    In this activity, students simulate an oil spill and test different materials’ ability to “clean” the oil spill.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Chemical Change, Catalysts, Balancing Equations, Combustion, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change, Acid Base Reactions | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Stop & Go Gases

    In this demonstration, students will witness the ability of carbon dioxide to extinguish a flame and oxygen to feed a flame. They will also be introduced to the concept of catalysts. This demonstration could also be used as an opportunity to practice writing and balancing equations and classifying chemical reactions.

  • Observations, Reaction Rate, Reaction Rate, Chemical Change | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Simple Kinetics

    In this demonstration, students will see that different food dyes react with bleach at different rates.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Indicators, Acid Base Reactions | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Secret Message

    In this lesson, students will observe a hidden message while understanding simple acid/base chemistry and indicators.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Mixtures | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Lab: Salad Dressing Science: Emulsions

    In this lab, students mix polar and nonpolar substances and then add various emulsifiers to encourage the mixing of the two substances. They use ingredients in salad dressing to relate science to real life scenarios.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Reaction Rate, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Reaction Rate

    In this lab, students will explore factors that effect reaction rate and develop a general statement that describes how the factors (temperature, particle size, and concentration) effect the rate based on experimental data. This is an inquiry-based activity.

  • Observations, Density, Density, Inferences | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Qualitative Look at Gas Density

    In this demo, students witness three types of gases and observe their relative densities to air.

  • Observations, Introduction, Interdisciplinary, Scientific Method | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Engineering Project

    In this activity, students work together in a small team in order to solve a problem and achieve a common goal. Students will need to work collaboratively in order to be successful. They will be required to communicate their ideas both verbally and in written form, assign duties, design and carry out a procedure in this activity. They will also be challenged with problem solving when/if their original plan fails.

  • Observations, Density, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Temperature, Measurements, Matter, Volume, Graphing | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Pressure Bottle

    In this lab, students determine the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas and its temperature and address the common misconception that air does not have mass or density.

  • Observations, Inferences, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Enthalpy | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs

    In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

  • Observations, Density, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Sublimation, Temperature | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Dry Ice

    In this lesson, students will investigate how dry ice undergoes a phase change from solid to gas, skipping the liquid phase under normal temperature and pressure.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Dry Ice (High School)

    In this lab, students perform several small experiments using dry ice and record their observations.

  • Observations, Density, Interdisciplinary, Scientific Method | Elementary School, Middle School

    Lab: Crush's Dilemma

    In this lab, students explore the concept of density. They will examine the density of a plastic sandwich bag compared to water. Students will create their own experiment and investigate factors that affect floating and sinking.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Elements, Periodic Table, Identifying an Unknown, Matter, Chemical Properties | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Periodic Table Trends

    In this lesson, students will investigate trends of the periodic table.

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Grade Level: Middle School

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