Classroom Resources: Quantitative Chemistry
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Conservation of Mass, Measurements  Middle School, High School
Lab: Mass of a Gas
In this lab, students will perform a simple chemical reaction in a closed system to produce a small amount of gas. They will collect mass measurements for the reactants and the products in order to demonstrate the conservation of mass during the reaction. They will also release the produced gas from the closed system in order to verify that gasses have mass.

Density, Observations, Measurements  Middle School, High School
Lab: Penny Boats
In this lab, students will explore Archimedes’ Principle and how it relates to density. Each student will be given a piece of aluminum foil and asked to design and build a boat that will hold as many pennies as possible without sinking when placed in water.

Dimensional Analysis, Mole Concept, Measurements, Density, Identifying an Unknown, Molar Mass  High School
Lab: Chemistry Composition Challenge
In this inquiry based lab, students will design a method to solve three chemistry problems involving moles, molecules, and density.

Measurements, SI Units, Significant Figures, Accuracy  Middle School, High School
Simulation: Measuring Volume
In this simulation, students will participate in a 10 question quiz. The quiz questions are each made of two parts, with the first part requiring the student to analyze an image of a graduated cylinder in order to report an accurate measurement. Students must use the correct number of digits based on the markings presented on the cylinder when reporting the measurement. In the second portion of the question the students will determine the uncertainty value of the graduated cylinder, again by analyzing its markings. The simulation is made up of several different sizes of graduated cylinders, each containing unique markings, so students will be challenged to analyze each individually.

Measurements, Accuracy, SI Units, Significant Figures  Middle School, High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Measuring Volume
In this simulation, students will participate in a 10 question quiz. The quiz questions are each made of two parts, with the first part requiring the student to analyze an image of a graduated cylinder in order to report an accurate measurement. Students must use the correct number of digits based on the markings presented on the cylinder when reporting the measurement. In the second portion of the question the students will determine the uncertainty value of the graduated cylinder, again by analyzing its markings. The simulation is made up of several different sizes of graduated cylinders, each containing unique markings, so students will be challenged to analyze each individually.

Stoichiometry, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis  High School
Lesson Plan: Map It Out!
In this lesson, students should be able to use a graphic organizer to help them solve stoichiometry problems. This lesson utilizes the Cornell note format.

Density, Measurements  High School
Lab: Can it Float?
In this lab, students will investigate the relationships between mass, volume, density and buoyancy in common objects. Students will be tasked with determining the volume of a variety of objects as well as interpreting the meaning of their buoyancy in water.

Concentration, Mixtures, Interdisciplinary, Scientific Method, Measurements  Middle School, High School
Lab: Effect of Salt Concentration on Plants
In this lab, students will observe how salt concentration can affect the structure of a potato tuber.

Measurements, Dimensional Analysis, SI Units, Percent Composition, Scientific Notation, Significant Figures, Accuracy, Density  High School
Lesson Plan: Chemical Measurement Unit Plan
The AACT High School Classroom Resource library has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan for introducing concepts student need to collect and use chemical measurements: Percent Composition, Metric Units, Accuracy and Precision, Percent Error, Density, Scientific Notation, Significant Figures, and Unit Conversion. This unit is designed to be used at beginning of the school year and modified based on student math abilities.

Dimensional Analysis, SI Units  High School
Lesson Plan: Dimensional Analysis and Unit Conversion
In this lesson, students will learn how to use dimensional analysis for unit conversion problems. They will then practice the skill on several chemistrybased conversion problems.

Significant Figures, Measurements, Accuracy, Density, Accuracy, Error Analysis, Error Analysis  Middle School, High School
Lab: Significant Figures and Lab Data
In this lesson, students will use laboratory equipment of different precision to collect data for several different metals, and then use the data to calculate the density of each. They will then compare their calculated densities to accepted values and determine the combination of equipment that leads to the most accurate calculation of density.

Limiting Reactant, Dimensional Analysis, Stoichiometry  High School
Lesson Plan: Map to Solving Limiting Reactant Problems
In this lesson, students will learn how to follow a stepbystep problem solving method for limiting reactant stoichiometry problems. This method can be particularly beneficial for students who struggle with completing these calculations.

Molarity, Concentration, Mole Concept  High School
Demonstration: What Is a 1 Molar Solution?
In this demonstration, students will determine the molarity of several different solutions demonstrated by the teacher.

Stoichiometry, Balancing Equations, Dimensional Analysis  High School
Lesson Plan: Stoichiometry of Air Bags
In this lesson, students will be introduced to the concept of gram to gram stoichiometry calculations. Students will be guided through a scenario regarding air bags and will be tasked with calculating the amount of gas (NaN3) that must be used to inflate a vehicle air bag to the correct size. Followup practice problems are also provided.

Temperature, History, Accuracy, Physical Properties  Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: The Temperature Guys Video
This video tells the story of how temperature as we currently know it evolved. The first thermometers invented in the early 1600s are very different than ones we use today!

Limiting Reactant, Conservation of Mass, Stoichiometry, Mole Concept  High School
Animation: Limiting Reactant Animation
This animation explores what happens in a limiting reactant problem on the particulate level. Assembling a bike is used as an analogy to introduce the concept of limiting reactant, and then the balanced equation of the combustion of methane is used in four quantitative examples to show what it means for a chemical to be a limiting reactant. The concept of the conservation of mass is also demonstrated by calculating masses from the mole quantities of the reactants and products. **This video has no audio**

Density, Matter, Physical Properties, Measurements  Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Animation: Density Animation
This animation explores density on the particulate level. There are opportunities to make qualitative and quantitative comparisons between substances. **This video has no audio**

Conservation of Mass, History, Observations, Measurements, SI Units  Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: Antoine Lavoisier Video
This video tells the story of Antoine Lavoisier who many consider to be the father or modern chemistry. Lavoisier discovered oxygen and hydrogen and first proposed the Law of Conservation of Mass.

Mole Concept, Measurements, History, Ideal Gas, Gas Laws  High School
Video: Amedeo Avogadro Video
This video tells the story of Amedeo Avogadro, the scientist given credit for the mole concept, but who discovered other things in chemistry too.

Limiting Reactant, Stoichiometry, Dimensional Analysis, Mole Concept, Scientific Method  High School
Lab: Limiting Reactants in Brownies
In this lesson, students will investigate the idea of limiting reactant using a brownie recipe.

Limiting Reactant, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Balancing Equations, Measurements, Observations, Error Analysis, Separating Mixtures, Error Analysis, Dimensional Analysis, Mole Concept  High School
Lab: Limiting Reactant Lab
In this lab, students react copper(II) chloride with aluminum to determine the limiting reactant. They then isolate one product to determine their percent yield.

Limiting Reactant, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Balancing Equations, Chemical Change, Error Analysis, Dimensional Analysis, Acid Base Reactions, pH  High School
Lab: Limiting Reactant in a Balloon
In this lab, students perform a reaction between acetic acid and sodium bicarbonate and determine the amount of product formed and the limiting reactant.

Limiting Reactant, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Balancing Equations, Net Ionic Equation, Concentration, Molarity, Precipitate, Solubility, Dimensional Analysis, Mole Concept, Observations, Graphing, Separating Mixtures, Identifying an Unknown  High School
Lab: White Lab
In this lab, students use molarity concepts to review limiting reactant concepts mathematically, conceptually, and graphically. They can then carry out a follow up investigation to identify an unknown using concepts learned in the first investigation.

Molarity, Concentration, Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Stoichiometry, Balancing Equations  High School
Lab: KoolAid
In this lab, students calculate grams of KoolAid powder required to make 3 different solutions of KoolAid (using the molar mass of sugar) with the following concentrations: 0.2 M, 0.5 M, and 1.0 M. Determine the concentration of properly prepared KoolAid through a taste test.

Titrations, Acid Base Reactions, Indicators, Chemical Change, Stoichiometry, Balancing Equations, Concentration, Molarity, Error Analysis, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements  High School
Lab: Vinegar Quality Control
In this lab, students will perform a titration of a vinegar sample to determine if it is it close to the concentration claimed on the bottle.