Classroom Resources: Chemistry Basics


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  • Observations, Inferences, Conservation of Mass, Matter, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Investigating Mass Change

    In this lab, students perform seven different investigations in order to develop an understanding of conservation of mass.

  • Density, Accuracy, Measurements, Significant Figures, Accuracy, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Significant Figures and Lab Data

    In this lesson, students will use laboratory equipment of different precision to collect data for several different metals, and then use the data to calculate the density of each. They will then compare their calculated densities to accepted values and determine the combination of equipment that leads to the most accurate calculation of density.

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Limiting Reactant Lab

    In this lab, students react copper(II) chloride with aluminum to determine the limiting reactant. They then isolate one product to determine their percent yield.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Measurements, Significant Figures, Scientific Method, Graphing, Error Analysis, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Investigating the Density of an Irregular Solid Object

    In this lab, students will use common laboratory equipment to devise a method to measure the density of several irregular objects. They will then create a formal laboratory report using both their own data and data from the entire class.

  • Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Identifying an Unknown, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Importance of Motor Oil Viscosity in Optimal Car Functioning

    In this lesson students will determine how temperature affects viscosity and relate the data to the structure of motor oil and the optimal functioning of a car.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Colligative Properties, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Freezing Point Depression, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Hot and Cold of it All

    In this lesson students will analyze the effectiveness of different brands of antifreeze/coolants and their ability to protect an engine in cold climates. Students will conduct a lab investigation to examine the freezing point depression in samples that have been diluted with distilled water. Students will also determine the specific heat capacities of antifreeze/coolant products as compared to pure water and explain how it relates to thermal energy transfer in the internal combustion engine.

  • Observations, Density, Physical Properties, Interdisciplinary, Measurements, Graphing, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Graphing Density

    In this lab, students will collect data and then use graphing to determine the density values of unknown metal samples.

  • Accuracy, Measurements, Accuracy, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Glassware Accuracy

    In this lab, students use different types of laboratory glassware to measure 50 mL of water and determine the accuracy of each piece of glassware.

  • Density, Temperature, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Volume, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Gas Density and Relative Molecular Mass

    In this lab, students will quantitatively determine the densities of four gases.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Physical Change, Scientific Method, Mixtures, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Separation of a Mixture

    In this lab, students devise their own method to separate a mixture of sand, salt, poppy seeds, and iron filings.

  • Net Ionic Equation, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Galvanic Cells, Oxidation, Half Reactions, Cathode, Anode, Electron Transfer, Electrons, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Four-Way Galvanic Cell

    In this lab, students will build a simple galvanic cell to measure cell potential and will compare their data to theoretical calculations. Students will become more familiar with cells during this opportunity to investigate and compare numerous electrochemistry reactions.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Accuracy, Graphing, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Finding Absolute Zero

    In this lab, students will experimentally determine the value for absolute zero in degrees Celsius.

  • Combustion, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Heat of Combustion, Scientific Method, Enthalpy, Bond Energy, Accuracy, Graphing, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Activity: Evaluating Fuels

    In this activity, students measure the heats of combustion of four fuels and compare them as potential replacements for gasoline.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Identifying an Unknown, Accuracy, Error Analysis | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Density Lab

    In this lab, students determine the density of several liquids and solids. They then identify an unknown metal by determining its density. They then calculate the percent error within the class for a specific sample.

  • Chemical Change, Reaction Rate, Catalysts, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Scientific Method, Error Analysis, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: Catalysis & Catalytic Converters

    In this lesson students will be introduced to catalysts while expanding their knowledge of chemical reactions and stoichiometry. They will first learn about catalytic converters and then be challenged to create the best “catalytic converter” of hydrogen peroxide to oxygen gas in an inquiry-based activity.

  • Physical Properties, Concentration, Colligative Properties, Boiling Point, Accuracy, Graphing, Molality, Boiling Point Elevation, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Changing Water's Boiling Point

    Download this lab in which students will explore colligative properties in a quantitative approach.

  • Physical Properties, Gas Laws, Pressure, Ideal Gas, Volume, Graphing, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Boyle's Law

    In this lab, students stack books on top of a closed syringe and use the volume change to determine the mass of the books.

  • Density, Review, Accuracy, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Accuracy, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Bowling Ball—Will it Sink or Float in Water?

    In this lab, students will find the density of a bowling ball to determine whether it will sink or float in water.

  • Identifying an Unknown, Net Ionic Equation, Stoichiometry, Percent Composition, Molar Mass, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Analysis of Carbonate Compounds

    In this lab, students identify three unknown substances by measuring the amount of product (CO2) produced by a reaction with hydrochloric acid.

  • Observations, Scientific Method, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Airplanes

    In this lab, students will design a procedure to test for the intended outcome of a longest flight.

  • Chemical Change, Chemical Change, Concentration, Acid Base Reactions, Molarity, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Measurements, Titrations, Indicators, Graphing, Equivalence Point, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Acid-Base Mole Ratio

    In this lab, students study several concepts, including acid-base reactions, limiting reactants, and stoichiometry, by observing the contained reaction of acetic acid (diluted vinegar) with sodium hydrogen carbonate (baking soda) in an unconventional, cost effective titration.

  • Interdisciplinary, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Significant Figures, Accuracy, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Nanoscale and Self-Assembly

    In this lab, students determine both the diameter of one single BB and the length of an oleic acid molecule.

  • Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Physical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Molar Mass, Ideal Gas, Volume, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Molar Mass of Dry Ice

    In this lab, students will use gas laws to calculate the molar mass of dry ice and then use the information to identify the compound that makes up this substance.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Inferences, Periodic Table, Identifying an Unknown, Chemical Properties, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Metal, Non-Metal, or Metalloid

    In this lab, students will classify several samples of elements as metals, nonmetals, or metalloid based on their physical and chemical properties.

  • Density, Introduction, Interdisciplinary, Accuracy, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Scientific Notation, Significant Figures, Accuracy, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Math and Measurement

    In this lab, students will practice introductory math skills that will be used in chemistry all year. This includes metric conversion, significant figures, scientific notation, dimensional analysis, density, percent error, accuracy and precision, as well as using lab equipment.

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