Classroom Resources: Molecules & Bonding


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76 – 100 of 118 Classroom Resources

  • Observations, Naming Compounds | High School

    Activity: Ionic Compound Identification

    In this activity, students will practice naming and writing formulas of ionic compounds by looking at examples.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Periodic Table, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Valence Electrons, Subatomic Particles, Lewis Dot Diagrams, Molecular Geometry, Ions, Lewis Structures | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Ionic and Covalent Bonding

    In this simulation, students investigate both ionic and covalent bonding. Students will have the opportunity to interact with many possible combinations of atoms and will be tasked with determining the type of bond and the number of atom needed to form each. The simulation visually differentiates between the transferring of electrons when forming an ionic compound and the sharing of electrons when forming a covalent compound so that students can have a complete understanding of each. Finally, students will become familiar with the molecular formula, as well as the naming system for each type of bond and geometric shape, when applicable.

  • Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Polymers, Molecular Structure | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Right Polymer for the Job

    In this lesson students are introduced to polymeric materials by exploring polymers (mostly plastics) used in automobiles. Students will learn about the features that all polymeric materials have in common and the features that distinguish one polymer from another on the molecular level. Students will learn how the molecular differences translate into property differences. The selection of a polymer with the right properties for any particular application is of critical importance in an automobile.

  • Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Lesson Plan: Intermolecular Forces Review

    In this lesson plan, students will review concepts of intermolecular forces.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: The Molecule Dance

    In this activity, students will explain bond and molecular movements by mimicking molecular motion with their own movements.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Intermolecular Forces

    In this activity, students will use a simulation to investigate different types of intermolecular forces (London dispersion and dipole-dipole). In the analysis that follows the activity, they will relate IMFs (including hydrogen bonding) to physical properties (boiling point and solubility).

  • Physical Properties, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Exploring Intermolecular Forces with Odyssey

    In this simulation, students will learn about the different intermolecular forces. They will use the simulation to see how molecules in various species interact with one another.

  • Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Identifying an Unknown, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Importance of Motor Oil Viscosity in Optimal Car Functioning

    In this lesson students will determine how temperature affects viscosity and relate the data to the structure of motor oil and the optimal functioning of a car.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Phase Changes, Isomers, Distillation, Molecular Structure, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure , Boiling Point, Molecular Geometry, Isomers | High School

    Lesson Plan: Structural Isomers

    In this activity, students will use models to explore structural isomers, and create explanations for the impact of structure on intermolecular forces (London dispersion) and physical properties (boiling point).

  • Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Conductivity | High School

    Lab: Strong and Weak Electrolytes

    In this lab, students will analyze the conductivity of several common household solutions using a light emitting conductivity diode tester to determine if the solution is a strong or weak electrolyte. Students will interpret the brightness of the lightbulb to determine the strength of the electrolyte. Students will also have an opportunity to consider the connection between conductivity and bond type during this lab.

  • Interdisciplinary, Molecular Formula, History, Empirical Formula | High School

    Activity: Herbal Remedies

    In this activity, students learn how the modern atomic theory evolved. They further their understanding of empirical and molecular formulas through research and a presentation of an herbal remedy.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Molar Mass, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Physical Properties, Interdisciplinary, History, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School

    Lesson Plan: Give Your Car Some Bounce

    In this lesson students will learn about polymerization, specifically as it pertains to rubber tires and other materials in a vehicle. Students will take on the role of an engineer, and will investigate physical properties of different polymers and/or elastomers to determine the best material to use for an assigned product.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Identifying an Unknown, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Properties, Intramolecular Forces, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Solubility & Compound Type

    In this lesson, students determine whether unknown substances are polar, nonpolar, or ionic by testing their solubilities.

  • Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Resonance | High School

    Lab: Shapes of Molecules

    In this lab, students will investigate the VSEPR geometry of covalent compounds. They will draw Lewis structures, use molecular models, and determine the geometry of covalent compounds. There is a lot of repetition so students gain a lot of practice.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Polarity, Phase Changes, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Distillation, Cracking, Balancing Equations, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil

    In this lesson, students will be introduced to simple distillation while expanding their knowledge of intermolecular forces. Once a simple distillation has been accomplished in the lab, students will then research the various products of fractional distillation of crude oil and report on one of those products.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molar Mass | High School

    Activity: Formula Card Game

    In this activity, students play a card game to practice creating chemical formulas.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Mixtures | High School, Elementary School, Middle School

    Lab: Salad Dressing Science: Emulsions

    In this lab, students mix polar and nonpolar substances and then add various emulsifiers to encourage the mixing of the two substances. They use ingredients in salad dressing to relate science to real life scenarios.

  • Molecular Formula, Law of Definite Proportions, Stoichiometry, Classification of Reactions, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Finding the Formula of Magnesium Oxide

    In this lab, students will recognize that oxygen has mass and that heating can involve and increase in mass as an element reacts to become an oxide

  • Polarity, Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Electronegativity | High School

    Lesson Plan: Polarity

    In this lesson, students learn some tips about how to determine whether a molecule is polar or nonpolar by question features about Lewis structures and symmetry.

  • Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point, Polarity, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Intramolecular Forces, Graphing, Mixtures, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

  • Percent Composition, Percent Composition, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Percent Composition of Bubble Gum

    In this lab, students will be introduced to the concept of percent composition. Students will determine the amount of sweetener in various brands of gum by determining the mass difference of the gum before and after it is chewed.

  • Naming Compounds, Ionic Bonding, Intramolecular Forces, Ions | High School

    Activity: Constructing Ionic Compounds

    In this activity, students will construct ionic compounds by balancing the charges on cations and anions.

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