Classroom Resources: Molecules & Bonding


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76 – 100 of 123 Classroom Resources

  • Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Molar Mass | High School

    Lab: Calculating Moles

    In this lab, students will have the opportunity to practice conducting the chemist’s way of counting atoms and molecules by using the mole. They will determine the mass of various common elements and compounds and convert this data into values of moles, atoms and molecules. This will allow students to realize the connection between commonly used laboratory chemicals and the quantitative data and calculations that are such a fundamental part of chemistry.

  • Molecular Formula, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Scientific Notation, Molar Mass, Significant Figures | High School

    Activity: Can You Color A Mole?

    In this activity, students determine how many moles of paraffin are used when they color a piece of paper as well as how many molecules and moles of wax are in one crayon.

  • Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Molar Mass | High School

    Lab: It's Mole Time!

    In this lab, students determine the number of moles of chalk used to write their name, the moles of sucrose ingested while chewing gum, and the moles of alcohol evaporated when using hand sanitizer.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Molar Mass, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Physical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Molar Mass, Ideal Gas, Volume, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Molar Mass of Dry Ice

    In this lab, students will use gas laws to calculate the molar mass of dry ice and then use the information to identify the compound that makes up this substance.

  • Identifying an Unknown, Net Ionic Equation, Stoichiometry, Percent Composition, Molar Mass, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Analysis of Carbonate Compounds

    In this lab, students identify three unknown substances by measuring the amount of product (CO2) produced by a reaction with hydrochloric acid.

  • Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Conductivity | High School

    Lab: Strong and Weak Electrolytes

    In this lab, students will analyze the conductivity of several common household solutions using a light emitting conductivity diode tester to determine if the solution is a strong or weak electrolyte. Students will interpret the brightness of the lightbulb to determine the strength of the electrolyte. Students will also have an opportunity to consider the connection between conductivity and bond type during this lab.

  • Solubility, Covalent Bonding, Precipitate, Ionic Bonding, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Benzoic Acid Blizzard in a Bottle

    In this lab, students create a snow globe by taking advantage of benzoic acid’s solubility properties in hot water.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Identifying an Unknown, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Properties, Intramolecular Forces, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Solubility & Compound Type

    In this lesson, students determine whether unknown substances are polar, nonpolar, or ionic by testing their solubilities.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Polarity, Phase Changes, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Condensation, Chemical Change, Functional Groups, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Condensation Reaction

    In this lab, students will use Lewis structures to explain the mechanism of an organic condensation reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol, also known as an esterification reaction.

  • Percent Composition, Percent Composition, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Percent Composition of Bubble Gum

    In this lab, students will be introduced to the concept of percent composition. Students will determine the amount of sweetener in various brands of gum by determining the mass difference of the gum before and after it is chewed.

  • Molecular Formula, Molecular Structure, Molecular Structure , Functional Groups, Oxidation, Saturated vs. Unsaturated | High School

    Lesson Plan: Chocolate: The New Health Food

    Explore emergency lesson plans from ChemMatters magazine.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molar Mass | High School

    Activity: Formula Card Game

    In this activity, students play a card game to practice creating chemical formulas.

  • Molecular Formula, History, Covalent Bonding, Molecular Structure, Functional Groups | High School

    Activity: Napoleon's Buttons Writing Assignment

    In this activity, students read Penny Le Couteur and Jay Burreson’s book Napoleon’s Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History. They discuss the book in class and complete a written assignment based on the chemistry and history highlighted in the book.

  • Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding | High School

    Lab: Lego Modeling of Compounds

    In this lab, students build Lego models of ionic and covalent compounds.

  • Chemical Change, Molecular Formula | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Valentine's Day Chemistry

    In this lesson, students learn about the chemistry of love. They see chemical structures of compounds involved in the biological process of love and learn about some of the chemical changes associated with love.

  • Molecular Formula, Law of Definite Proportions, Stoichiometry, Classification of Reactions, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Finding the Formula of Magnesium Oxide

    In this lab, students will recognize that oxygen has mass and that heating can involve and increase in mass as an element reacts to become an oxide

  • Molecular Formula, Molar Mass, Atomic Mass | High School

    Activity: Molecule Building Tournament

    In this activity, students determine molecular formulas given formula masses and a limited number of atoms.

  • Interdisciplinary, Molecular Formula, History, Empirical Formula | High School

    Activity: Herbal Remedies

    In this activity, students learn how the modern atomic theory evolved. They further their understanding of empirical and molecular formulas through research and a presentation of an herbal remedy.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Periodic Table, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Valence Electrons, Subatomic Particles, Lewis Dot Diagrams, Molecular Geometry, Ions, Lewis Structures | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Ionic and Covalent Bonding

    In this simulation, students investigate both ionic and covalent bonding. Students will have the opportunity to interact with many possible combinations of atoms and will be tasked with determining the type of bond and the number of atom needed to form each. The simulation visually differentiates between the transferring of electrons when forming an ionic compound and the sharing of electrons when forming a covalent compound so that students can have a complete understanding of each. Finally, students will become familiar with the molecular formula, as well as the naming system for each type of bond and geometric shape, when applicable.

  • Molecular Formula, Periodic Table, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding | High School

    Activity: Bondy (Rummy)

    In this activity, students play a game in which they use element cards to form compounds.

  • Physical Properties, Molecular Formula, History, Covalent Bonding, Molecular Structure, Chemical Properties | High School

    Activity: Molecule of the Week

    In this activity, students research and present a molecule they find relevant to real life, either in the past or present. They must submit notes to the teacher the day before they present their findings in five to 10 minutes to their chemistry class.

  • Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Resonance | High School

    Activity: Shapes of Molecules

    In this activity, students will investigate the VSEPR geometry of covalent compounds. They will draw Lewis structures, use molecular models, and determine the geometry of covalent compounds. There is a lot of repetition so students gain a lot of practice.

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