Classroom Resources: Molecules & Bonding


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101 – 125 of 138 Classroom Resources

  • Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: The Molecule Dance

    In this activity, students will explain bond and molecular movements by mimicking molecular motion with their own movements.

  • Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Motion, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Comparing Attractive Forces

    In this activity, students will use a simulation to investigate different types of intermolecular forces (London dispersion and dipole-dipole). In the analysis that follows the activity, they will relate IMFs (including hydrogen bonding) to physical properties (boiling point and solubility).

  • Physical Properties, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Exploring Intermolecular Forces with Odyssey

    In this simulation, students will learn about the different intermolecular forces. They will use the simulation to see how molecules in various species interact with one another.

  • Physical Properties, Identifying an Unknown, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Graphing, Error Analysis, Experimental Design | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Importance of Motor Oil Viscosity in Optimal Car Functioning

    In this lesson students will determine how temperature affects viscosity and relate the data to the structure of motor oil and the optimal functioning of a car.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Distillation, Intermolecular Forces, Isomers, Molecular Structure, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure , Boiling Point, Molecular Geometry, Isomers | High School

    Lesson Plan: Structural Isomers

    In this activity, students will use models to explore structural isomers, and create explanations for the impact of structure on intermolecular forces (London dispersion) and physical properties (boiling point).

  • Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Conductivity | High School

    Lab: Strong and Weak Electrolytes

    In this lab, students will analyze the conductivity of several common household solutions using a light emitting conductivity diode tester to determine if the solution is a strong or weak electrolyte. Students will interpret the brightness of the lightbulb to determine the strength of the electrolyte. Students will also have an opportunity to consider the connection between conductivity and bond type during this lab.

  • History, Interdisciplinary, Molecular Formula, Empirical Formula | High School

    Activity: Herbal Remedies

    In this activity, students learn how the modern atomic theory evolved. They further their understanding of empirical and molecular formulas through research and a presentation of an herbal remedy.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Molar Mass, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Physical Properties, History, Interdisciplinary, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School

    Lesson Plan: Give Your Car Some Bounce

    In this lesson students will learn about polymerization, specifically as it pertains to rubber tires and other materials in a vehicle. Students will take on the role of an engineer, and will investigate physical properties of different polymers and/or elastomers to determine the best material to use for an assigned product.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Identifying an Unknown, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Properties, Mixtures, Intramolecular Forces | High School

    Lab: Solubility & Compound Type

    In this lesson, students determine whether unknown substances are polar, nonpolar, or ionic by testing their solubilities.

  • Covalent Bonding, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Resonance | High School

    Activity: Shapes of Molecules

    In this activity, students will investigate the VSEPR geometry of covalent compounds. They will draw Lewis structures, use molecular models, and determine the geometry of covalent compounds. There is a lot of repetition so students gain a lot of practice.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Distillation, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Cracking, Balancing Equations, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil

    In this lesson, students will be introduced to simple distillation while expanding their knowledge of intermolecular forces. Once a simple distillation has been accomplished in the lab, students will then research the various products of fractional distillation of crude oil and report on one of those products.

  • Naming Compounds, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molecular Formula, Molar Mass | High School

    Activity: Formula Card Game

    In this activity, students play a card game to practice creating chemical formulas.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Mixtures | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Lab: Salad Dressing Science: Emulsions

    In this lab, students mix polar and nonpolar substances and then add various emulsifiers to encourage the mixing of the two substances. They use ingredients in salad dressing to relate science to real life scenarios.

  • Law of Definite Proportions, Molecular Formula, Stoichiometry, Classification of Reactions, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Finding the Formula of Magnesium Oxide

    In this lab, students will recognize that oxygen has mass and that heating can involve and increase in mass as an element reacts to become an oxide

  • Covalent Bonding, Polarity, VSEPR Theory, Molecular Geometry, Electronegativity | High School

    Lesson Plan: Polarity

    In this lesson, students learn some tips about how to determine whether a molecule is polar or nonpolar by question features about Lewis structures and symmetry.

  • Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Molecular Structure, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Lewis Structures, Mixtures, Intramolecular Forces, Graphing | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

  • Percent Composition, Percent Composition, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Percent Composition of Bubble Gum

    In this lab, students will be introduced to the concept of percent composition. Students will determine the amount of sweetener in various brands of gum by determining the mass difference of the gum before and after it is chewed.

  • Naming Compounds, Ionic Bonding, Ions, Intramolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Constructing Ionic Compounds

    In this activity, students will construct ionic compounds by balancing the charges on cations and anions.

  • Condensation, Chemical Change, Functional Groups, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Condensation Reaction

    In this lab, students will use Lewis structures to explain the mechanism of an organic condensation reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol, also known as an esterification reaction.

  • Physical Properties, Polymers, Polymers, Molecular Structure | High School

    Activity: Molecular Spaghetti

    In this activity, students will discover how the entanglement in cooked spaghetti depends on the length of the spaghetti strands and relate this discovery to polymeric materials.

  • Molecular Structure, Molecular Formula, Molecular Structure , Functional Groups, Oxidation, Saturated vs. Unsaturated | High School

    Lesson Plan: Chocolate: The New Health Food

    Explore emergency lesson plans from ChemMatters magazine.

  • Molecular Formula, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Scientific Notation, Significant Figures, Molar Mass | High School

    Activity: Can You Color A Mole?

    In this activity, students determine how many moles of paraffin are used when they color a piece of paper as well as how many molecules and moles of wax are in one crayon.

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