Classroom Resources: Solutions
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Concentration, Solute & Solvent  High School, Middle School
Lesson Plan: Diffusion and Osmosis
In this lesson, students will build upon their understanding of solutions and concentration. They will observe the diffusion of food coloring dye in water and then perform an experiment focused on how solutions of different concentrations will affect the movement of water across a semipermeable membrane.

Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Molarity  High School
Simulation: Preparing Solutions
In this simulation, students will complete a calculation in order to
determine either the molarity of solution, volume of solution, or mass of solute needed. Additionally the associated particle diagram for the solution will be displayed to help students better visualize the solution at the particulate level. Finally, students will gain familiarity with the proper lab techniques for preparing a solution as they are lead through a stepbystep animated process demonstrating this procedure. 
Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Molarity  High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Preparing Solutions
In this simulation, students will complete a calculation in order to determine the value of an unknown variable related to a described solution and then they will observe an animation of the solution being prepared. The calculation will require the student to determine either the molarity of solution, volume of solution, or mass of solute needed. Additionally the associated particle diagram for the solution will be displayed to help students better visualize the solution at the particulate level. Finally, students will gain familiarity with the proper lab techniques for preparing a solution as they are lead through a stepbystep animated process demonstrating this procedure. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

Concentration, Identifying an Unknown, Molarity, Balancing Equations, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change  High School
Lab: An Environmental Impact Study
In this lab, students will test a water sample which comes from a local zoo, where, it is reported that many bird eggs are not hatching. Students will test the water for the presence of multiple ions. Once the type of ion in the water is determined, students will write balanced equations to illustrate their findings. Students will also conduct a serial dilution to determine the concentration, or molarity, of the ion in the water sample. This molarity will be compared to known values to determine if the materials in the water are at an unhealthy level.

Density, Concentration, Solute & Solvent  High School
Lab: Test Tube Challenge
In this lab, students will be challenged to create a density column, consisting of three distinct layers of sugarwater solution. This is an inquiry lab, where the students must apply their understanding of density and concentration in order to devise a successful plan for creating the column correctly.

Solubility, Concentration, Solute & Solvent  High School
Demonstration: Saturated Solutions: An Engagement Activity
In this demonstration, students will observe salt dissolving in water and participate in a thinkpairshare activity using teacherled questions. It is intended to be an introduction to solutions, particularly saturation.

Concentration, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Acid & Base Theories, Titrations, Indicators, Strong vs Weak, Buffers  High School
Lesson Plan: Acids and Bases Unit Plan
The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the topic of acids and bases to your students.

Solubility, Temperature, Pressure, Concentration, Solute & Solvent  High School
Demonstration: Exploring Gas Solubility
In this demonstration, students will explore how changes in pressure and temperature affect the solubility of a gas in an aqueous solution. In addition, students will have the opportunity in a postdemonstration reflection activity to practice using data (in this case their demonstration observations) to make evidence based claims.

Concentration, Acid & Base Theories  High School
Lesson Plan: Calculating pH, A Look at Logarithms
In this lesson, students will be introduced to a base10 logarithmic scale and use it to calculate pH from hydrogen ion concentration. Often students are able to calculate pH by pushing the correct buttons on their calculators, but they don’t understand what the values mean. This lesson attempts to bridge that gap using a guided inquiry model.

Concentration, Molarity  High School
Activity: Particle Level Molarity
In this activity, students are introduced to molarity at the particle level. Students will activate their prior knowledge by demonstrating their understanding of concentration by preparing several KoolAid drinks, and then applying that information at the particle level to various models.

Concentration, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Beer's Law  High School
Lesson Plan: Using Color to Identify an Unknown
In this lesson students will utilize spectrophotometry to identify the wavelength of maximum absorbance for a food dye. They will also generate a Beer's Law Standard Curve, and utilize their skills to identify the different dyes and their concentrations in an unknown mixture. The lesson culminates with an extension to utilizing a similar method in color matching paint.

Physical Properties, Concentration, Beer's Law  High School
Lesson Plan: Introduction to Color
In this lesson students explore the properties related to color and how those properties vary with changes in concentration. This lesson introduces the use of a spectrophotometer to measure wavelength and absorbance in colored solutions as well as the use of Beer’s Law to determine an unknown concentration.

Concentration, Reaction Rate, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Chemical Change, Oxidation, Beer's Law  High School
Lesson Plan: Rustbusters! A Lab Activity on Corrosion
In this lesson students learn about factors affecting the rate of corrosion and evaluate the efficiency of different protective coatings to simulate products used in industry when building metal structures like ships or bridges.

Concentration, Reversible Reactions, Le Châtelier's Principle  High School
Lab: Le Chatelier’s Soda
In this lab, students will observe how the equilibrium of a chemical reaction is affected when a change in pressure, temperature, and concentration is applied to the system.

Concentration, Molarity, Titrations, Indicators  High School
Demonstration: How to Perform a Titration
In this demonstration, the teacher will show how a titration is setup and performed. Also, the teacher will utilize different indicators to show how they work and why they are necessary. At the end of the demonstration, the teacher will also explain how to calculate the molarity of the unknown substance.

Concentration, Molarity, Beer's Law  High School
Lab: Beer's Law Discovered
In this laboratory investigation, students will explore the concepts of light absorption, transmittance, and the relationship between absorbance, path length, and concentration of solution.

Mixtures, Interdisciplinary, Concentration, Measurements, Scientific Method  High School, Middle School
Lab: Effect of Salt Concentration on Plants
In this lab, students will observe how salt concentration can affect the structure of a potato tuber.

Concentration, Molarity, Mole Concept  High School
Demonstration: What Is a 1 Molar Solution?
In this demonstration, students will determine the molarity of several different solutions demonstrated by the teacher.

Observations, Separating Mixtures, Solubility, Concentration, Precipitate, Identifying an Unknown, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Graphing  High School
Lab: White Lab
In this lab, students use molarity concepts to review limiting reactant concepts mathematically, conceptually, and graphically. They can then carry out a follow up investigation to identify an unknown using concepts learned in the first investigation.

Concentration, Molarity, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Calorimetry, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Scientific Method, Enthalpy, Experimental Design  High School
Lab: Less Than Zero
In this lab, students will investigate the endothermic reaction between baking soda and HCl. Students will consider stoichiometric ratios, molar concentrations, reaction scale, and calorimetry. The lab starts with a scripted reaction that uses given molar ratios, a glass beaker, and 2M HCl. They will witness a temperature drop of about 5 to 8 C. Students then adjust the experiment so they can achieve a temperature drop of more than 20 C.

Concentration, Acid Base Reactions, Molarity, Titrations, Indicators, Equivalence Point  High School
Lab: Lethal Dose
In this lab, students will perform several titrations to calculate the concentration of potentially “lethal” medicycloprophic solutions.

Concentration, Molarity, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated  High School
Lab: KoolAid
In this lab, students calculate grams of KoolAid powder required to make 3 different solutions of KoolAid (using the molar mass of sugar) with the following concentrations: 0.2 M, 0.5 M, and 1.0 M. Determine the concentration of properly prepared KoolAid through a taste test.

Chemical Change, Concentration, Acid Base Reactions, Molarity, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Titrations, Indicators, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Vinegar Quality Control
In this lab, students will perform a titration of a vinegar sample to determine if it is it close to the concentration claimed on the bottle.

Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Colligative Properties, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Freezing Point Depression, Error Analysis  High School
Lesson Plan: The Hot and Cold of it All
In this lesson students will analyze the effectiveness of different brands of antifreeze/coolants and their ability to protect an engine in cold climates. Students will conduct a lab investigation to examine the freezing point depression in samples that have been diluted with distilled water. Students will also determine the specific heat capacities of antifreeze/coolant products as compared to pure water and explain how it relates to thermal energy transfer in the internal combustion engine.

Interdisciplinary, Concentration, Review, Identifying an Unknown, Culminating Project, Molarity, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Classification of Reactions, Scientific Method, Experimental Design  High School
Lab: The Culminating Unknown
In this lab, students identify an unknown from a list of 12 possible compounds by designing a procedure and using evidence to prove their claim. They must draw from knowledge gained throughout the year to properly develop a procedure to identify the unknown.