Classroom Resources: Solutions


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  • Mixtures, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Introduction to Solutions

    In this demonstration, students will recognize that there is a threshold for the amount of salt that can be dissolved into a specified amount of water. Students will be asked to make observations about two different salt water samples to determine if a sample that contains undissolved salt is still considered a solution. The saltiness, or salinity, of the water samples will be used to help students make connections about how the melting of polar ice caps is changing the average salinity of the ocean.

  • Solubility, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Demonstration: Saturated Solutions: An Engagement Activity

    In this demonstration, students will observe salt dissolving in water and participate in a think-pair-share activity using teacher-led questions. It is intended to be an introduction to solutions, particularly saturation.

  • Concentration, pH, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Acid & Base Theories, Titrations, Indicators, Strong vs Weak, Buffers | High School

    Lesson Plan: Acids and Bases Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the topic of acids and bases to your students.

  • Solubility, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Crystallization of Sugar

    In this demonstration, students will observe how to make rock candy in order to understand how sugar crystals form. They will be able to explain what a supersaturated solution is and how it is relevant to sugar crystallization.

  • Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Covalent Bonding, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: T-Shirt Chromatography

    In this activity, students will learn about solubility, saturation, polarity, and intermolecular forces through chromatography techniques.

  • Balancing Equations, Activity Series, Classification of Reactions, Solubility Rules | High School

    Simulation: Predicting Products

    In this simulation, students will reference an activity series and a solubility chart to accurately predict the products of single replacement and double replacement chemical reactions. Associated particle diagrams will be displayed to help students better comprehend the reaction at the particulate level. Students will also be asked to balance the chemical equation. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

  • Solubility, Reaction Rate, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry | High School

    Lab: Analyzing the Reaction between Baking Soda and Citric Acid

    In this lab, students will examine the reaction between citric acid and baking soda. They will analyze the chemical equation, balance it and calculate needed quantities of each reactant for a complete reaction. Based on their observations, students will determine if all reactants were completely used during the reaction.

  • Stoichiometry, Beer's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Aspirin Synthesis and Spectroscopy Analysis

    In this lesson, students will synthesize aspirin and analyze the end product using spectroscopy by applying Beer’s Law.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Solubility Rules, Beer's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Aqueous Solutions Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach Aqueous Solutions to your students.

  • Solubility, Temperature, Pressure, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Demonstration: Exploring Gas Solubility

    In this demonstration, students will explore how changes in pressure and temperature affect the solubility of a gas in an aqueous solution. In addition, students will have the opportunity in a post-demonstration reflection activity to practice using data (in this case their demonstration observations) to make evidence based claims.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Basic Modeling of the Dissolving Phenomenon

    In this activity, students explore the process of salt dissolving in water using cut-outs of ions and water molecules to model interactions between them. They then use their model to make a prediction about the relative solubility of salt in isopropyl alcohol compared to the solubility in water and design an experiment to test their prediction.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Advanced Modeling of the Dissolving Phenomenon

    In this activity students build a model of sodium chloride based on their own knowledge of ionic compounds. Then they construct a model of the interactions between water and their salt model to develop an understanding of what caused the salt to dissolve. After refining their models based upon class discussions and critiques, students then construct a model of the interaction between salt and a different solvent, alcohol. Using their models, students make predictions as to which solvent (water or alcohol) would be better at dissolving the salt. Finally students design an experiment to test their prediction. As an extension, students are asked to use their solubility models to explain why calcium carbonate will not dissolve in water, even though it is also an ionic compound.

  • Net Ionic Equation, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Redox Reaction, Classification of Reactions | High School

    Lab: Inquiry Redox Investigation

    In this lab, students perform a simple redox reaction using an iron nail and copper(II) chloride solution. They will consider both quantitative and qualitative data collected during the reaction in order to attempt to explain what happened. Students will also create particle diagrams and determine mole ratios of various species in the reaction.

  • pH, Net Ionic Equation, Indicators, Strong vs Weak, Salts | High School

    Lab: Hydrolysis of Salts

    In this lab, students will observe the hydrolysis of several salt samples. They will first predict which solutions are acidic, basic or neutral, and then discover the pH of each through the use of indicators. Students will share and compile their experimental results, as well as have an opportunity to determine the net-ionic equations for each reaction.

  • Net Ionic Equation, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change, Solubility Rules | High School

    Demonstration: Precipitation Reaction

    In this demonstration, students will observe a precipitation reaction. Students will create several particle diagrams in order to describe and fully understand what is occurring on the atomic level during the chemical reaction.

  • Concentration, pH, Acid & Base Theories | High School

    Lesson Plan: Calculating pH, A Look at Logarithms

    In this lesson, students will be introduced to a base-10 logarithmic scale and use it to calculate pH from hydrogen ion concentration. Often students are able to calculate pH by pushing the correct buttons on their calculators, but they don’t understand what the values mean. This lesson attempts to bridge that gap using a guided inquiry model.

  • Mixtures, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Freezing Point Depression | Middle School, High School

    Lab: How does Salt "Melt" Ice?

    In this lab, students will consider why salt is used to aide in snow clearing and to help keep icy roads safe. They will investigate how salt ‘melts’ ice and determine the best type of salt to do so. Additionally, students will explore the advantages and disadvantages of the various different types of salt.

  • Mixtures, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Matter, Mixture | Elementary School

    Activity: Chemistry in the Kitchen!

    In this activity, students will describe the steps required to complete a recipe of their choosing. They will identify any physical and chemical changes that occur throughout the process.

  • Density, Mixtures, Solubility | Middle School

    Lab: Investigating Density within Lava Lamps

    In this lab students will make a simple yet spectacular lava lamp while focusing on the density of the components.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Demonstration: Intermolecular Forces & Physical Properties

    In this demonstration, students observe and compare the properties of surface tension, beading, evaporation, and miscibility for water and acetone.

  • Concentration, Molarity | High School

    Activity: Particle Level Molarity

    In this activity, students are introduced to molarity at the particle level. Students will activate their prior knowledge by demonstrating their understanding of concentration by preparing several Kool-Aid drinks, and then applying that information at the particle level to various models.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Mixture | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: How Fast Does it Flow?

    In this lesson students explore the viscosity of different mixtures. They measure viscosity of different mixtures and then have the opportunity to design a mixture to attain a particular viscosity. Students will relate their lab experience to the application of viscosity in the real-world as they consider the differences in viscosity between different types of paints.

  • Concentration, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Beer's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Using Color to Identify an Unknown

    In this lesson students will utilize spectrophotometry to identify the wavelength of maximum absorbance for a food dye. They will also generate a Beer's Law Standard Curve, and utilize their skills to identify the different dyes and their concentrations in an unknown mixture. The lesson culminates with an extension to utilizing a similar method in color matching paint.

  • Precipitate, Reaction Rate, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Chemical Change, Oxidation, Solubility Rules | High School

    Lesson Plan: Removing Copper Stains from Masonry

    In this lab, students investigate the use of milk of magnesia poultice to remove copper stains on masonry in copper architecture. They use chalk as the model for masonry, copper(II) chloride solution as a model for soluble copper and a freshly prepared slurry of copper phosphate as a model for a hard stain of copper on masonry. Through a series of investigations students have the opportunity to connect chemistry topics with real-world applications, such as environmental hazards, engineering practices of copper architecture, corrosion control, and structural protection.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solute & Solvent | Middle School, Elementary School

    Lab: What Does Ironman Eat for Breakfast?

    In this lab students will compare and contrast mixtures and solutions. They will be tasked with extracting iron from various breakfast cereals. They will then conclude which cereal would be the healthiest for Iron Man to eat for breakfast.

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