Classroom Resources: Solutions


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  • Physical Properties, Solubility, Polarity, Covalent Bonding, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Geometry, Electronegativity | High School, Middle School

    Activity: The Chemistry of Water Video Questions

    In this lesson, students will watch a video and answer questions about how the molecular geometry and polarity of water give rise to many of its unusual physical properties, including its relatively high boiling point and its ability to dissolve some substances but not others.

  • Physical Properties, Solubility, Melting Point, Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Ionic Bonding, Ionic Radius, Ions | High School

    Activity: My Name is Bond, Ionic Bond

    In this lesson, students will demonstrate their knowledge of ionic bond strength using a “brackets” activity. Pairs of students start the activity playing a game of “Ionic Compound War” to build eight compounds. Then then transfer the compounds to a “bracket” and use their knowledge of ionic bonding, along with a solubility chart, to predict the strongest and weakest bond between four pairs of ionic substances.

  • Physical Properties, Solubility, Melting Point, Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Ionic Bonding, Ionic Radius, Ions | High School

    Activity: Ionic Bonding Brackets

    In this lesson, students will demonstrate their knowledge of ionic bond strength and its relationship to the properties of melting point and solubility using a “brackets” activity. After analyzing the ionic charge and radius to predict the strongest and weakest bond between four pairs of ionic substances, they will then determine which will be the least soluble.

  • Physical Properties, Concentration, Chemical Properties, pH | Middle School

    Activity: Would You Drink it?

    In this activity, students are provided with data regarding the water quality at multiple locations throughout a city. Students will determine which location should be prioritized for cleaning of contaminates. Students will utilize Claim Evidence and Reasoning (CER) to develop a claim that is supported by the data provided.

  • Mixtures, Molecular Structure, Electromagnetic Spectrum | High School, Middle School

    Activity: What are Pigments? Video Questions

    In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the chemistry of pigment molecules and how they are used to give paints their specific color. During the video, students will learn about the importance of a pigment’s molecular structure, how they are physically suspended to create a paint color, as well as how they interact with light.

  • Mixtures, Intermolecular Forces, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Electromagnetic Spectrum | High School, Middle School

    Activity: What is Paint? Video Questions

    In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the composition of paint. During the video, students will learn about the differences between three common paint types, water colors, oil-based and acrylic paint as well as the chemistry of each.

  • Mixtures | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Making Sense of Milk

    In this lesson, students will compare and contrast the chemical compositions of different types of plant milk and animal milk by analyzing data and developing models.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Diffusion and Osmosis

    In this lesson, students will build upon their understanding of solutions and concentration. They will observe the diffusion of food coloring dye in water and then perform an experiment focused on how solutions of different concentrations will affect the movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Molarity | High School

    Simulation: Preparing Solutions

    In this simulation, students will complete a calculation in order to determine either the molarity of solution, volume of solution, or mass of solute needed. Additionally the associated particle diagram for the solution will be displayed to help students better visualize the solution at the particulate level. Finally, students will gain familiarity with the proper lab techniques for preparing a solution as they are lead through a step-by-step animated process demonstrating this procedure.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Molarity | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Preparing Solutions

    In this simulation, students will complete a calculation in order to determine the value of an unknown variable related to a described solution and then they will observe an animation of the solution being prepared. The calculation will require the student to determine either the molarity of solution, volume of solution, or mass of solute needed. Additionally the associated particle diagram for the solution will be displayed to help students better visualize the solution at the particulate level. Finally, students will gain familiarity with the proper lab techniques for preparing a solution as they are lead through a step-by-step animated process demonstrating this procedure. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

  • Concentration, Identifying an Unknown, Molarity, Balancing Equations, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change | High School

    Lab: An Environmental Impact Study

    In this lab, students will test a water sample which comes from a local zoo, where, it is reported that many bird eggs are not hatching. Students will test the water for the presence of multiple ions. Once the type of ion in the water is determined, students will write balanced equations to illustrate their findings. Students will also conduct a serial dilution to determine the concentration, or molarity, of the ion in the water sample. This molarity will be compared to known values to determine if the materials in the water are at an unhealthy level.

  • Density, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Lab: Test Tube Challenge

    In this lab, students will be challenged to create a density column, consisting of three distinct layers of sugar-water solution. This is an inquiry lab, where the students must apply their understanding of density and concentration in order to devise a successful plan for creating the column correctly.

  • Mixtures, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Introduction to Solutions

    In this demonstration, students will recognize that there is a threshold for the amount of salt that can be dissolved into a specified amount of water. Students will be asked to make observations about two different salt water samples to determine if a sample that contains undissolved salt is still considered a solution. The saltiness, or salinity, of the water samples will be used to help students make connections about how the melting of polar ice caps is changing the average salinity of the ocean.

  • Solubility, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Demonstration: Saturated Solutions: An Engagement Activity

    In this demonstration, students will observe salt dissolving in water and participate in a think-pair-share activity using teacher-led questions. It is intended to be an introduction to solutions, particularly saturation.

  • Concentration, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Acid & Base Theories, Titrations, Indicators, Strong vs Weak, Buffers | High School

    Lesson Plan: Acids and Bases Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the topic of acids and bases to your students.

  • Solubility, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Crystallization of Sugar

    In this demonstration, students will observe how to make rock candy in order to understand how sugar crystals form. They will be able to explain what a supersaturated solution is and how it is relevant to sugar crystallization.

  • Balancing Equations, Activity Series, Classification of Reactions, Solubility Rules | High School

    Simulation: Predicting Products

    In this simulation, students will reference an activity series and a solubility chart to accurately predict the products of single replacement and double replacement chemical reactions. Associated particle diagrams will be displayed to help students better comprehend the reaction at the particulate level. Students will also be asked to balance the chemical equation. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

  • Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Covalent Bonding, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: T-Shirt Chromatography

    In this activity, students will learn about solubility, saturation, polarity, and intermolecular forces through chromatography techniques.

  • Balancing Equations, Activity Series, Classification of Reactions, Solubility Rules | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Predicting Products

    In this simulation, students will reference an activity series and a solubility chart to accurately predict the products of single replacement and double replacement chemical reactions. Associated particle diagrams will be displayed to help students better comprehend the reaction at the particulate level. Students will also be asked to balance the chemical equation. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

  • Solubility, Reaction Rate, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry | High School

    Lab: Analyzing the Reaction between Baking Soda and Citric Acid

    In this lab, students will examine the reaction between citric acid and baking soda. They will analyze the chemical equation, balance it and calculate needed quantities of each reactant for a complete reaction. Based on their observations, students will determine if all reactants were completely used during the reaction.

  • Stoichiometry, Beer's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Aspirin Synthesis and Spectroscopy Analysis

    In this lesson, students will synthesize aspirin and analyze the end product using spectroscopy by applying Beer’s Law.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Solubility Rules, Beer's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Aqueous Solutions Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach Aqueous Solutions to your students.

  • Solubility, Temperature, Pressure, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Demonstration: Exploring Gas Solubility

    In this demonstration, students will explore how changes in pressure and temperature affect the solubility of a gas in an aqueous solution. In addition, students will have the opportunity in a post-demonstration reflection activity to practice using data (in this case their demonstration observations) to make evidence based claims.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Basic Modeling of the Dissolving Phenomenon

    In this activity, students explore the process of salt dissolving in water using cut-outs of ions and water molecules to model interactions between them. They then use their model to make a prediction about the relative solubility of salt in isopropyl alcohol compared to the solubility in water and design an experiment to test their prediction.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Advanced Modeling of the Dissolving Phenomenon

    In this activity students build a model of sodium chloride based on their own knowledge of ionic compounds. Then they construct a model of the interactions between water and their salt model to develop an understanding of what caused the salt to dissolve. After refining their models based upon class discussions and critiques, students then construct a model of the interaction between salt and a different solvent, alcohol. Using their models, students make predictions as to which solvent (water or alcohol) would be better at dissolving the salt. Finally students design an experiment to test their prediction. As an extension, students are asked to use their solubility models to explain why calcium carbonate will not dissolve in water, even though it is also an ionic compound.

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