In this demonstration, students will have the opportunity to observe and analyze the density of a solution. Students will interpret their observations as they compare the density of the solution with plastic components.
By the end of this demonstration, students should be able to
- Understand that solutions have different densities.
- Interpret observations in order to compare density values of components in a mixture.
Teacher Preparation: 5-10 minutes
Lesson: 10 minutes
- Preform tube and cap
- HDPEPellets (10-20 pellets)
- Fuse Beads (~10 beads)
- ~30 ml of 91% Isopropyl alcohol
- ~3o ml of water
- Always wear safety goggles when handling chemicals in the lab.
- Students should wear proper safety gear during chemistry demonstrations. Safety goggles and lab apron are required.
- Students should wash their hands thoroughly before leaving the lab.
- Teachers can use this demonstration to investigate or introduce the concept of density with students. In addition, this could be easily done as a classroom lab, and allow students to follow the procedure themselves.
- This demonstration requires students to interpret their observations, and will help to gain a better understanding of density.
- Add approximately 10 fuse beads to the preform tube.
- Add approximately 10-20 HDPE pellets to the preform tube.
- Shake the tube so that the beads and pellets are interspersed in the bottom of the tube.
- Add water to the tube until it is approximately half full. Cap the tube. Notice the both the HDPE pellets and the fuse beads will remain in the bottom of the tube. Shake the tube so that students can clearly see that the pellets and beads sink in water.
-Teaching Focus: Ask students to interpret this observation in terms of density. They should be able to determine that both the pellets and the beads are denser than water, since they both sink in the water.
- Remove the cap, and fill the remaining half of the tube with 91% isopropyl alcohol. Secure the cap again, and shake the tube in order to mix the alcohol and water. It should be noticeable that some of the fuse beads are floating, but mostly they are suspended in the solution. The HDPE pellets will remain at the bottom of the solution.
-Teaching Focus: Ask students to interpret this observation in terms of density. They should be able to determine that the density of the solution has changed. The pellets are still denser than the solution, and also denser than the fuse beads. The fuse beads are very similar in density value to the solution since they are suspended in the center. Note: if the fuse beads float (depending on the ratio of water to alcohol used) then the fuse beads have a lower density value than the solution.
- Students may also benefit from this Density Simulation in order to better visual density on the particulate level.