Classroom Resources: Chemistry Basics


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26 – 50 of 80 Classroom Resources

  • Observations, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Observations, Inferences, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Enthalpy | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs

    In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

  • Observations, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated | Middle School, High School

    Lesson Plan: Particle Modeling of Hand Warmers

    In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a physical process, such as the crystallization of a solid from a supersaturated solution.

  • Observations, Density, Chemical Change, Density, Inferences | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Comparing Gas Density

    In this demonstration, students will observe a reaction between baking soda and vinegar in the presence of a variety of different heights of lit candles. The initial environment has plenty of oxygen present in order to sustain the candle’s flame; however the reaction will produce carbon dioxide which will cause the lit candles to extinguish in order of height. Students will analyze and compare the presence of the gases in the container and make determinations about the densities of each.

  • Observations, Density, Density, Inferences | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Qualitative Look at Gas Density

    In this demo, students witness three types of gases and observe their relative densities to air.

  • Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Matter, Volume, Graphing | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Pressure Bottle

    In this lab, students determine the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas and its temperature and address the common misconception that air does not have mass or density.

  • Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Physical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Molar Mass, Ideal Gas, Volume, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Molar Mass of Dry Ice

    In this lab, students will use gas laws to calculate the molar mass of dry ice and then use the information to identify the compound that makes up this substance.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Chemical Change | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Corrosion in Motion

    In this lab, students will expose metal samples to various solutions and observe the amount of corrosion of a period of time.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Reduction, Activity Series, Redox Reaction, Galvanic Cells, Chemical Change, Oxidation, Half Reactions, Electron Transfer, Electrons | High School

    Lesson Plan: Exploring Automotive Corrosion

    In this lesson students will investigate the galvanic corrosion that can occur when different metals come in contact with each other in modern cars.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Balancing Equations, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change | High School

    Lab: Recycling Copper: Understanding Chemical Reactions

    In this lab, students will demonstrate their understanding of writing, balancing, translating, and identifying types of chemical reactions. While doing so, they will learn about the process of recycling copper.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Balancing Equations, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change | High School

    Lab: It's Time to React

    In this lab, students will conduct four chemical reactions and analyze each for indicators of a chemical reaction. Based on their observations students will write a balanced chemical equation for each reaction as well as identify the reaction type for each reaction.

  • Observations, Density, Chemical Change, Balancing Equations, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change | High School

    Demonstration: Preparation of Hydrogen

    In this demo, students witness a single displacement reaction between zinc and sulfuric acid that produces hydrogen gas. The gas is collected via water displacement and ignited.

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Solubility, Concentration, Precipitate, Identifying an Unknown, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Graphing | High School

    Lab: White Lab

    In this lab, students use molarity concepts to review limiting reactant concepts mathematically, conceptually, and graphically. They can then carry out a follow up investigation to identify an unknown using concepts learned in the first investigation.

  • Observations, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant | High School

    Lesson Plan: Limiting Reactant

    This lesson is intended to be used as an introduction to the concept of limiting reactants.

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Error Analysis, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Limiting Reactant Lab

    In this lab, students react copper(II) chloride with aluminum to determine the limiting reactant. They then isolate one product to determine their percent yield.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Inferences, Stoichiometry, Conservation of Mass, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

    Demonstration: Introducing Limiting Reactants

    In this demonstration, the teacher will perform a series of reactions between acetic acid--vinegar-- and varying amounts of sodium bicarbonate --baking soda--in order to inflate several Ziploc bags. Students will observe the reactions and analyze the quantities of reactants used as well as the results in order to understand the concept of limiting reactants. Students will also determine if the reaction is an endothermic or exothermic process based on their observations.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Reversible Reactions | High School

    Lab: Breath Test

    In this lab, students investigate whether chemical reactions can happen only in one direction, or whether they can be "undone."

  • Observations, Balancing Equations, Conservation of Mass, Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change | High School

    Lab: Classifying Reaction Types

    In this lesson, students will carry out various reactions and classify the reaction types.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Conservation of Matter, Balancing Equations, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Matter, Conservation of Matter, Predicting Products, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Matter Matters

    In this lesson, students will investigate the Law of Conservation of Mass.

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Lab Safety, Conservation of Matter, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Conservation of Mass, Classification of Reactions, Accuracy, Chemical Change, Chemical Properties, Conservation of Matter, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Reactions of Copper

    In this lab, students will convert copper metal into different copper compounds and then back to copper to illustrate conservation of matter.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Kitchen Reaction

    In this lab students will observe an endothermic chemical reaction involving baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid). Students will investigate the signs a chemical reaction has occurred (gas production, change in temperature). Students will perform the lab in an open system so they can see the change of mass due to gas production. This lab is a lead into the topic of conservation of mass. After the lab is completed, the teacher should do a demonstration of the exothermic reaction Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Balancing Equations | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Chemical Reactions & Equations

    In this lesson, students will observe a series of reactions, make observations, and then write balanced chemical equations to chemically describe what they observed.

  • Observations, Inferences, Atomic Spectra, Activity Series, Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum, Ions | High School

    Lab: Flame Test: Going Further

    In this lab, students will investigate the colors produced when several mixtures of metallic ions are placed in a flame.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Identifying an Unknown, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Properties, Intramolecular Forces, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Solubility & Compound Type

    In this lesson, students determine whether unknown substances are polar, nonpolar, or ionic by testing their solubilities.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Reaction Rate, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Reaction Rate

    In this lab, students will explore factors that effect reaction rate and develop a general statement that describes how the factors (temperature, particle size, and concentration) effect the rate based on experimental data. This is an inquiry-based activity.

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