# Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics

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1 – 25 of 61 Classroom Resources

• Renewable Energy, Heat, Temperature, Specific Heat, Interdisciplinary, Graphing | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: Solar Cookers

In this lesson, students will learn about the use of alternative cooking fuels that could replace burning wood, coal, or other smoke-producing materials to heat and cook food in developing nations, focusing on solar cookers. They will watch a video and read an article that provide a general overview of the need for alternative fuels. Then, in small groups, students will research, design, build, and test a solar cooker to determine if it is an effective method of cooking food in a developing nation. They will give a presentation to the class on their design, test results, and any improvements they would make to their initial design, and they will answer some reflection questions about the solar cookers made by their class and their role in the group project.

• Colligative Properties, Boiling Point Elevation, Freezing Point Depression, Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Boiling Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Graphing, Physical Properties, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Simulation Activity: The Effect of Solutes on Boiling and Freezing Point

In this activity, students will use a colligative properties simulation to investigate the effects of different solutes, and different amounts of those solutes, on the boiling point and freezing point of a solution. Students will see particle-level animations of boiling and freezing with different types and amounts of solutes, as well as graphical representations of the results of each trial.

• Freezing Point Depression, Heat, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Sweet, Salty and Cold as Ice

In this lab, students conduct a micro-scale investigation to explore how various solutes affect the freezing point of water. Because of the small volume of liquid used, results are visible within minutes. Students observe what happens to the liquids as they are cooled and use their observations to infer what is going on at the particle level. They will use the results to explain the familiar phenomena of why we salt our roads and sidewalks in the winter and why freshwater lakes and ponds freeze over more easily than saltwater oceans in the winter.

• Heat, Specific Heat, Phase Changes | Elementary School, Middle School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: The Insulation Investigation

In this lab, students will think critically about the properties, structure and function of materials as they design and build a device used to insulate an ice cube to prevent it from melting.

• Heat of Vaporization , Boiling Point, Intermolecular Forces, Phase Changes, Heating Curve, Heat of Combustion, Temperature, Specific Heat, Observations, Chemical Change, Physical Change | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Cooking an Egg in Chemistry Class

In this demonstration, students will observe the very high latent heat of vaporization for water by boiling water over a Bunsen burner in a paper cup to cook a boiled egg. The discussion can be extended to incorporate intermolecular forces to explain the unusually high boiling point of water, as well as heat of vaporization and specific heat capacity.

• Exothermic & Endothermic, Temperature, Heat of Combustion, Chemical Change | Middle School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: Chemical Volcanoes - A Tale of Two Reactions

In this lesson, students will use volcanoes as a vehicle to learn about the differences between endothermic and exothermic reactions by completing a hands-on activities and observing a teacher-led demonstration.

• Specific Heat, Heat, Temperature, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Simulation Activity: Understanding Specific Heat

In this simulation, students will play the role of engineer in deciding which materials are the best candidates for a building project. They will calculate the specific heat capacity of various building materials to determine which ones meet the criteria for building an energy efficient home. Students will also do a cost analysis to determine which material to use in their building project. On the student activity sheet, they will answer additional conceptual and numerical questions related to specific heat capacity.

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Interdisciplinary | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Animation Activity: Electromagnetic Spectrum

In this animation, students will learn about the electromagnetic spectrum, with a focus on the visible spectrum. It addresses the relationship between color, wavelength, frequency, and energy of light waves, as well as how an object absorbs and reflects certain wavelengths of light to contribute to the color we perceive.

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Interdisciplinary | Middle School, High School, Elementary School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Animation: The Electromagnetic Spectrum Animation

In this animation, students will learn about the electromagnetic spectrum, with a focus on the visible spectrum. It addresses the relationship between color, wavelength, frequency, and energy of light waves, as well as how an object absorbs and reflects certain wavelengths of light to contribute to the color we perceive.

• Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Energy Transfer Investigation

In this lab, students will experience several examples of energy transfer. They will analyze their observations and interpret their results in an attempt to explain why each transfer took place.

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Identifying an Unknown | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Color Matching Paint Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about how technology, specifically focusing on spectrophotometry, can be used for paint matching. During the video, students will learn how the spectrophotometer interacts with the spectrum of visible light in order to match or reproduce specific paint colors.

• Molecular Structure, Molecular Geometry, Polymers, Electronegativity, Heat, Temperature, Electricity | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Future of Paint Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the fascinating and innovative scientific advancements of paint. During the video, Students will learn how the molecular components in paint are helping to evolve in the world around them.

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Molecular Structure, Mixtures | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: What are Pigments? Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the chemistry of pigment molecules and how they are used to give paints their specific color. During the video, students will learn about the importance of a pigment’s molecular structure, how they are physically suspended to create a paint color, as well as how they interact with light.

• Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure, Polymers, Electromagnetic Spectrum | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: What is Paint? Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the composition of paint. During the video, students will learn about the differences between three common paint types, water colors, oil-based and acrylic paint as well as the chemistry of each.

• Introduction, Interdisciplinary, History, Heat, Renewable Energy, Polymers, Molecular Structure | Middle School, High School

### Video: Frontiers of Chemistry

This video explores new scientific developments that were made possible by the application of fundamental chemistry concepts. Students will learn about exciting advances in science and technology focused on three main topics: Solar Cells, 3D Printing and Micro Machines.

• Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Heat, Temperature, Experimental Design, Graphing, Interdisciplinary | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: The Ozone Layer

In this lesson, students will develop an explanation for the consequences of ozone depletion on Earth by planning and carrying out an investigation. Students will use analysis and interpretation of data to develop a model to explain the cause and effect of Ozone depletion on the planet Earth.

• Introduction, Interdisciplinary, History, Heat, Renewable Energy, Polymers, Molecular Structure | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: The Frontiers of Chemistry: Video Questions

In this activity, students will answer questions while watching a video about several exciting scientific developments, including solar cells, 3D printing and micro machines. This video will help students understand that fundamental chemistry concepts are essential to the advancement of science and technology.

• Elements, Identifying an Unknown, Atomic Spectra, Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum | Elementary School, Middle School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: Elements Are Out of This World

In this lesson, students will learn about the elements that make up Earth’s atmosphere and lithosphere and then compare and contrast the information with the elements that compose various other astronomical objects.

• Temperature, History, Physical Properties, Measurements, SI Units, Accuracy | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Temperature Guys Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer questions about how both the thermometer and the concept of temperature evolved over time

• Kinetic Molecular Theory, Temperature, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Mega Marshmallows

In this lab, students will investigate the Kinetic Molecular Theory and particle motion while experimenting with a marshmallow. Students will observe how an increase in kinetic energy will cause particles to increase in motion. This concept will be extended into a discussion about additional real world thermal expansion examples.

• Temperature, Heat, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: An Uplifting Experience

In this demonstration, students will investigate what happens to air when it is heated.

• Molecular Structure, Molecular Geometry, Polymers, Electronegativity, Heat, Temperature, Electricity | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Video: The Future of Paint Video

This video explores the fascinating and innovative scientific advancements of paint. Students will learn how the molecular components in paint are helping to evolve in the world around them. Futuristic paint is capable of replacing light switches, conducting electricity, and regulating temperature amongst other things!

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Identifying an Unknown | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Video: Color Matching Paint Video

This video explains how technology, specifically focusing on spectrophotometry, can be used for paint matching. Students will learn how the spectrophotometer interacts with the spectrum of visible light in order to match or reproduce specific paint colors.

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum | Middle School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: Understanding Light & Color

In this lesson students use spectroscopes to analyze the colors of sunlight reflected off a white surface, and determine various colors of light emitted by a multicolor LED bulb at different color settings. They predict what color an object will appear when observed under a certain color of light, and test their predictions with the LED bulb. Students explore how a color wheel can provide a useful model for determining the colors of light an object may absorb or reflect. Finally, students will investigate the color yellow. Many objects that appear yellow are not reflecting yellow light, but reflecting green and red. Students use their spectroscopes to search for objects that truly reflect yellow light.

• Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum, Emission Spectrum, Electrons | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: Let it Glow

In this lesson students will investigate the fluorescence of a variety of everyday items as well as prepared samples under a black light. Students will examine the concepts of absorption and subsequent emission of photons, as well as wavelength, frequency, and energy of electromagnetic radiation. As extension activities, students will learn about phosphorescence and research real-life applications of photoluminescence.