Classroom Resources: Gases
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Pressure  Elementary School
Demonstration: The Power of Air Pressure
In this demonstration, students will learn to appreciate the power of air pressure.

Density, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Physical Change, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Ideal Gas, Volume  High School
Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide
In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  Elementary School
Lab: The Growing Marshmallow
In this lab, students will investigate the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas, using a plastic syringe and a marshmallow.

Gas Laws, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Ideal Gas Law
In this lab, students use the reaction of an antacid table with water to inflate a balloon. They then use the ideal gas law to determine the number of moles of gas produced by the reaction.

Density, Temperature, Chemical Change, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Dimensional Analysis, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Graphing  High School
Lesson Plan: The Gas Laws Unit Plan
The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the Gas Laws to your students.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume  Middle School, High School
Activity: Hot Air Balloon
In this activity, students build a hot air balloon to aid in their study of Charles’ law.

Gas Laws, Concentration, Molarity, Electrolysis, Stoichiometry, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Ideal Gas, Electrons  High School
Lesson Plan: Stoichiometry Setup Method
In this lesson, students will learn how to follow a process of visual cues in combination with a stepbystep problem solving method for different types of stoichiometric problems. This method can be particularly beneficial for students who struggle with completing multistep calculations.

Temperature, Chemical Change, Interdisciplinary, History, Heat, Temperature  High School, Middle School
Lab: Greenhouse Gas Simulation
In this lab, students will create two simulations of the Earth’s atmosphere. They will compare a control model with a one that has an increased presence of carbon dioxide gas in order to analyze how this effects temperature. They will also complete research in order to learn more about the makeup of the Earth’s atmosphere.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lesson Plan: Gases Unit Plan
In this lesson, students will investigate gases similar to how scientists learned about them “back in the day.” Students begin by investigating gas behavior, then they investigate gas density and use this to interpret Avogadro’s hypothesis that gases under the same conditions combine in simple whole number ratios.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Intermolecular Forces, Volume  Middle School, High School
Lab: Gas Pressure
In this lab, students will understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume, Graphing  Middle School, High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Laws
In this simulation, students will investigate three of the fundamental gas laws, including Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law and GayLussac’s Law. Students will have the opportunity to visually examine the effect of changing the associated variables of pressure, volume, or temperature in each situation. Also, students will analyze the gas samples at the particle level as well as manipulate quantitative data in each scenario. Finally students will interpret trends in the data by examining the graph associated with each of the gas laws. This lesson accompanies the simulation from the November 2015 issue of Chemistry Solutions.

Gas Laws, Rate of Effusion  High School
Activity: Gas Laws
In this activity, students will examine gas laws by carrying out several computer simulations.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, SI Units, Volume  Middle School, High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Law Variables
In this simulation, students investigate variables of a gas. From the computer models, they can see how pressure, temperature, and volume effect gas behavior.

Density, Temperature, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Volume, Error Analysis, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Gas Density and Relative Molecular Mass
In this lab, students will quantitatively determine the densities of four gases.

Density, Chemical Change, Density, Chemical Change  High School, Middle School, Elementary School
Demonstration: Fire Extinguisher
In this demonstration, students will observe a chemical reaction, and see how the product can be used to extinguish a fire.

Chemical Change, Pressure, Conservation of Matter, Reaction Rate, Acid Base Reactions, Chemical Change  Middle School, Elementary School
Lab: Rocket Challenge
In this lab, students will have the opportunity to construct a rocket, with the challenges of both designing it and preparing a chemical reaction for its “fuel” in order to propel the rocket over the furthest distance. Students will investigate available materials, quantities and ratios during allotted planning and testing phases. Student will record their plans, modifications and designs during the process. The lab will culminate with a competition amongst students to see whose rocket will travel the longest distance.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Accuracy, Graphing, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Finding Absolute Zero
In this lab, students will experimentally determine the value for absolute zero in degrees Celsius.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume, Graphing  High School
Lab: Exploring Gases
In this lab, students will investigate the relationship between the variables of temperature, volume and pressure. Students will engage in three lab station activities that each demonstrate a particular gas law. Students will interpret the results, graph data points and relate given data sets to each of the three gas laws.

Observations, Density, Density, Inferences  Middle School, High School
Demonstration: Qualitative Look at Gas Density
In this demo, students witness three types of gases and observe their relative densities to air.

Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Matter, Volume, Graphing  Middle School, High School
Lab: Pressure Bottle
In this lab, students determine the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas and its temperature and address the common misconception that air does not have mass or density.

Renewable Energy, Pressure, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Volume  High School, Middle School
Lab: Power That Stinks
In this lab, students will experiment with creating and capturing biogas, and have an opportunity to look at how energy is created from waste. They will explore the differences between nonrenewable and renewable energy sources.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  Middle School, Elementary School, High School
Demonstration: Eggciting Gas Laws
In this demonstration, students will observe how changing the temperature of a gas will affect the pressure of the gas through an engaging demonstration using a heat source, water vapor and a hardboiled egg.

Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Pressure, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Review, Distillation, Boiling Point, Volume, Mixtures  High School
Activity: Physical Properties
In this study game, students will review topics including the scientific method and states of matter.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  Middle School, High School
Demonstration: Crush the Can
In this demonstration, students will analyze how the change in temperature of a gas can affect the pressure and volume of the gas. Students will watch an engaging demonstration involving a heat source, water vapor and an empty soda can.

Density, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Entropy, Intermolecular Forces, Volume  High School
Activity: Connecting States to Entropy
In this activity, students use blocks to model different states of matter and the Kinetic Molecular Theory to understand the concept of entropy. This is a concept mandated by SAT level or AP level high school chemistry class.