Classroom Resources: Chemistry Basics


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1 – 25 of 46 Classroom Resources

  • Scientific Method, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Designing a Procedure for Product Testing

    In this activity, students will take on the role of research engineers who work for a chemical company that sells coatings for different types of surfaces.  Students are required to design a procedure for testing their common household coating to prove its durability to various types of stresses. Students will be required to create procedures that can collect both quantitative and qualitative data as well as an appropriate data table.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Inferences, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: What Causes Yeast to Ferment?

    In this lesson, students will observe and verify molasses sugar content as a result of its ability to ferment yeast. They will compare how molasses allows yeast to ferment with other sugar solutions as well as a sugar-free solution.

  • Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design | Elementary School, Middle School

    Activity: Graphing Glow-in-the-Dark Paint

    In this activity, students will have the opportunity to review the scientific method, and analyze data from a scenario about glow-in-the-dark paint. Additionally, students with create a graph to help them to interpret data.

  • Observations, Scientific Method | Middle School

    Lab: Which Paint is the most Cost-Effective

    In this lab, students will practice implementing the scientific method in order compare the properties of different paint samples through a variety of testing. Students will research consumer reports, hypothesize, and conduct specific tests in order to determine which brand of paint is the most cost effective.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Polymers, Scientific Method, Chemical Properties, Mixtures | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Exploring the Chemistry of Oil and Acrylic Paints

    In this lesson students learn about the chemistry of oil and acrylic paints. They make their own paint, and complete an experiment to collect qualitative and quantitative data through a series of tests. Students will also apply the concepts of physical and chemical change to the results of this controlled experiment.

  • Observations, Mixtures, Inferences, Intermolecular Forces, Scientific Method | High School

    Lab: Magic Milk

    In this lab, students will investigate the addition of detergent to a mixture of whole milk and food coloring. Students will attempt to explain the cause of their observations. Also, students will have the opportunity to manipulate the experiment and determine how other variables may impact the results.

  • Observations, Scientific Method | High School

    Lesson Plan: Is it Real Science or Pseudoscience?

    In this lesson, students will deepen their knowledge of the scientific method by learning how to determine if researched information is valid and if it should be used for gaining or furthering our scientific knowledge. Students will view the documentary “Mermaids: The Body Found”, a pseudo-documentary that was later reported to be a hoax by the Discovery Channel. They will then use a “Baloney Detection Kit” to analyze the authenticity of information presented through different media as scientific fact.

  • Mixtures, Interdisciplinary, Concentration, Measurements, Scientific Method | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Effect of Salt Concentration on Plants

    In this lab, students will observe how salt concentration can affect the structure of a potato tuber.

  • Chemical Change, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Scientific Method | Middle School

    Lab: S'more Change Please

    In this lab, students will be able to demonstrate the difference between a physical and chemical change by making ooey, gooey, yet yummy S’mores!

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Redox Reaction, Scientific Method, Electron Transfer, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Test Tube Geology

    In this lab, students will observe a reaction between an iron nail and copper(II) sulfate in a test tube over the course of several days, modeling how a similar reaction occurs to form copper deposits in the earth. Students will also modify the procedures to evaluate how changing a factor of their choice affects the results of the test tube reaction, introducing them to concepts of experimental design. It also introduces students to my version of the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH).

  • Combustion, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Heat of Combustion, Scientific Method, Enthalpy, Bond Energy, Accuracy, Graphing, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Activity: Evaluating Fuels

    In this activity, students measure the heats of combustion of four fuels and compare them as potential replacements for gasoline.

  • Physical Properties, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Designing & Engineering a Fast Defroster

    In this activity students use their understanding of energy transfer to “design a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.”  And “evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.”  The real world problem is to help a cook who is trying to make a meal, but realizes some of the ingredients are frozen and must be thawed before he can begin.

  • Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Cool Science: Building and Testing a Model Radiator

    In this lab students construct a model of a car radiator to investigate parameters that lead to efficient cooling. Students investigate multiple variables as they experiment with various radiator designs. This lesson focuses on thermochemistry calculations and engineering practices.

  • Concentration, Molarity, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Calorimetry, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Scientific Method, Enthalpy, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Less Than Zero

    In this lab, students will investigate the endothermic reaction between baking soda and HCl. Students will consider stoichiometric ratios, molar concentrations, reaction scale, and calorimetry. The lab starts with a scripted reaction that uses given molar ratios, a glass beaker, and 2-M HCl. They will witness a temperature drop of about 5 to 8 C. Students then adjust the experiment so they can achieve a temperature drop of more than 20 C.

  • Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Scientific Method, Volume, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Hot Air Balloon

    In this activity, students use their knowledge of Charles’ law to build a hot air balloon and evaluate its design.

  • Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Scientific Method | High School

    Lab: Limiting Reactants in Brownies

    In this lesson, students will investigate the idea of limiting reactant using a brownie recipe.

  • Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Scientific Method | High School

    Lab: Exploring Intermolecular Forces

    In this lab, students will investigate the idea that “like dissolves like” by discovering which liquids are best suited for dissolving various substances. This can serve as a great inquiry lab prior to teaching intermolecular forces.

  • Chemical Change, Reaction Rate, Catalysts, Balancing Equations, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Scientific Method, Error Analysis, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: Catalysis & Catalytic Converters

    In this lesson students will be introduced to catalysts while expanding their knowledge of chemical reactions and stoichiometry. They will first learn about catalytic converters and then be challenged to create the best “catalytic converter” of hydrogen peroxide to oxygen gas in an inquiry-based activity.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Reaction Rate, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Reaction Rate

    In this lab, students will explore factors that effect reaction rate and develop a general statement that describes how the factors (temperature, particle size, and concentration) effect the rate based on experimental data. This is an inquiry-based activity.

  • Radiation, Alpha/Beta/Gamma Decay, Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Alpha Beta Gamma Radiation

    In this lab, students will investigate properties of three types of ionizing radiation—alpha, beta and gamma radiation. Students will have the opportunity to design their own procedures to explore the relationship between distance and radiation intensity.

  • Physical Properties, Interdisciplinary, History, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School

    Lesson Plan: Give Your Car Some Bounce

    In this lesson students will learn about polymerization, specifically as it pertains to rubber tires and other materials in a vehicle. Students will take on the role of an engineer, and will investigate physical properties of different polymers and/or elastomers to determine the best material to use for an assigned product.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School

    Lesson Plan: Not Breaking Up is Hard to Do: the Properties of Glass

    In this lesson students will learn about the properties of glass, and relate those properties to the new engineering design of glass in a car.

  • Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Identifying an Unknown, Molecular Structure, Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Importance of Motor Oil Viscosity in Optimal Car Functioning

    In this lesson students will determine how temperature affects viscosity and relate the data to the structure of motor oil and the optimal functioning of a car.

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Scientific Method, Chemical Properties, Mixtures, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Test Tube Separation

    In this lab, students will mix four substances in a test tube and recreate the original four layers through chemical and physical means.

  • Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Chemical Change, Scientific Method, Chemical Properties, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lab: As Easy as Pie

    In this lab, students will use chemical and physical properties to identify an unknown powder.

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