LESSON PLAN in Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Introduction, Physical Change, History, Lab Safety, Measurements, Significant Figures, SI Units, Chemical Properties. Last updated August 24, 2018.
The AACT High School Classroom Resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We searched through our resource library and constructed a unit plan for introducing the basic chemistry concepts to students: Laboratory Safety, Equipment, and Reports, Periodic Table Basics, Physical and Chemical Properties and Changes, Endothermic and Exothermic Changes, and Classification of Matter. These topics are very important for your students to master before they dig into other chemistry concepts. This unit is designed to be used at beginning of the school year.
By the end of this unit, students should be able to
- Distinguish between safe and unsafe behavior in the chemistry laboratory.
- Understand the importance of following safety rules in a chemistry laboratory.
- Responsibly follow safety guidelines presented in a chemistry laboratory.
- Correctly identify and name common pieces of laboratory equipment.
- Associate a hazard symbol with its meaning.
- Understand the importance of hazard symbols.
- Write a formal lab write up.
- Determine a method to measure the mass and volume of an irregular object.
- Accurately use laboratory equipment to gather data.
- Calculate the density of an irregular object using their data.
- Create a graph of mass vs. volume using class data and use the slope of the line to calculate the average density of the objects.
- Create a lab report using tables and graphs, following a provided template.
- Explain how the accuracy of a measurement will change depending upon the measuring tool used to measure.
- Determine the correct measurement based on the markings on the device used.
- Identify the uncertainty value for a measurement based on the markings on a measurement device used.
- Distinguish between the states of matter at the particle level.
- Explain, using examples how matter is different in one state versus another.
- Identify examples of different states of matter.
- Classify the three states of matter found in the laboratory by molecular level particle representations.
- Identify differences in the particle representations to classify them as pure substances, both elements and compounds, as well as mixtures.
- Verbally explain the classification system their group developed.
- Understand vocabulary related to chemistry.
- Identify whether a physical or chemical change has occurred.
- Provide evidence supporting which change has occurred.
- Identify physical properties substances.
- Identify appropriate methods for separating mixtures.
- Better understand how the periodic table is organized.
- Classify elements by family name, group number and period number.
- Identify reactions as either endothermic or exothermic.
This unit supports students’ understanding of
- Laboratory Safety
- Laboratory Equipment
- Data collection
- Graphing and analyzing data
- Quantitative Chemistry
- SI Units
- Significant Figures
- States of Matter
- Molecular Motion
- Physical Properties
- States of matter
- Pure substances
- Separating mixtures
- Periodic Table
- Evidence of a chemical reaction
- Physical changes and properties
- Chemical changes and properties
- Endothermic/exothermic reactions
Teacher Preparation: See individual resources.
Lesson: 10 - 15 class periods, depending on class level.
- Refer to the materials list given with each individual activity.
- Refer to the safety instructions given with each individual activity.
- This unit plan begins with an introduction to the laboratory that includes safety guidelines, equipment, and lab reports. It then moves through activities that introduce other chemistry basics topics. You can use this unit plan as written, or change the order to meet the needs of your students.
- The teacher notes, student handouts, and additional materials can be accessed on the page for each individual activity.
- Please note that most of these resources are AACT member benefits.
- Laboratory safety is an important topic for teachers of chemistry, many of who may not have had access to enough training. Before planning your lab activities and demos, read Keeping the Wow Factor, and Controlling the Risks, an article from the September 2016 issue of Chemistry Solutions. This article reviews the safety problems inherent in the “traditional” rainbow experiment and similar demonstrations, includes the responses from various organizations, and also provides safer alternatives.
- Another article that you might find helpful is There’s More to the New Safety Data Sheets than a Missing “M” from the May 2017 issue. This article aims to increase your comfort level with the new SDSs by describing the timeline, some changes over the past 5 years, the pros and cons of the newer format, related hazard communication issues, and information on other available resources.
- Finally, if you’re unsure of what to do with laboratory waste, read Managing Chemical Wastes in the High School Lab from the May 2016 issue. This article provides a solid starting point to determine proper disposal methods for high school lab waste and includes a Quick Disposal Reference Guide that you can download, print, and hang in your chemical prep room.
- Teachers should refer to the ACS published document, Guidelines for Chemical Laboratory Safety on Secondary Schools as a great resource for teaching lab safety in the chemistry classroom. Additional specific information that could be used when teaching hazard symbols can be found starting on page 21.
Laboratory Safety, Equipment, and Reports
- Use our What Not to do in the Chemistry Lab activity to introduce laboratory safety and best practices and discuss these important topics with your students. During the activity students examine a cartoon of a chaotic chemistry lab and note the specific behaviors that are dangerous and unsafe in a chemistry laboratory setting.
- The Hazard Symbols activity from the May 2018 issue of Chemistry Solutions is a great way to familiarize your students with common hazard symbols and their meaning. As optional extensions to this activity, use chemical containers that contain these hazard symbols as examples for your students. You could also share an example of a MSDS with students as part of a discussion about these hazard symbols.
- Many chemistry students come to the class with a limited understanding of how to write high quality lab reports. Before your students start working in the lab, read Tools and Strategies for Teaching Lab Report Writing from the September 2016 issue of Chemistry Solutions for some ideas that will help your students with their reports. This article includes an accompanying lab, Investigating the Density of an Irregular Solid Object. You may want to use the Density animation to introduce this concept to your students.
- Use our How To Write a Formal Lab lesson plan to teach students how to put the parts of a formal lab report together. Having students familiarize themselves with this format will expedite teacher grading.
- The Laboratory Equipment Memory Game from the March 2018 issue of Chemistry Solutions is a fun and effective activity to help your students learn about common lab equipment. This resource includes a card template that you can use to print the game cards on stock paper. You can reuse the cards from year to year by laminating them and then storing them in zip-lock bags.
- You may want to start off the year showing one of the videos from our multimedia library. The Ancient Chemistry Video traces the history of chemistry from the discovery of fire, through the various metal ages, and finally to the great philosophers. Or you might pique your students’ interest in chemistry with the Arsenic Video and hear Sam Kean, author of The Disappearing Spoon, tell stories about arsenic, a deadly element that was once referred to as the "Inheritance Powder". Additional videos about the elements can be found in our multimedia library.
- Students explore the properties of the states of matter with the Categorizing States of Matter activity, which has them analyze both written statements and images that describe the properties of a solid, liquid or gas. Students then determine which state of matter the description best describes and categorize it accordingly.
- The Visualizing States of Matter activity has students view, sort and classify pure substances and mixtures into the 3 common states of matter found in the laboratory. They then discuss their classification system with their teacher and peers. This resource include NGSS-alignment
- In the Chemical and Physical Changes Lab students observe and analyze a number of interactions and determine if a chemical or physical change occurred. This activity will help students understand vocabulary related to chemistry, identify whether a physical or chemical change has occurred, and provide evidence supporting which change has occurred.
- The Separation of a Mixture Lab allows students to devise their own method to separate a mixture of sand, salt, poppy seeds, and iron filings after they identify the physical properties of each and identify appropriate methods for separating them.
- Students determine whether mixing two chemicals is endothermic or exothermic in the Exothermic and Endothermic Lab. This is a quick, simple lab that allows students to witness endothermic and exothermic processes; one from a physical change, one from a chemical change.
- Introduce the Periodic Table to your students with The Scavenger Hunt lesson from our PTable.com Investigations activity. This lesson walks students through an investigation of a large number of topics, from physical properties to history of the elements.
- The Chemistry in a Bag lab will help students distinguish between chemical and physical changes, identify evidence of a chemical change, and understand the difference between exothermic and endothermic reactions. Students also use this lab to understand the Law of Conservation of Mass.