Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics

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51 – 75 of 115 Classroom Resources

  • Electricity, Renewable Energy, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Oxidation, Photosynthesis, Electron Transfer | High School

    Lesson Plan: Color Solar Power!

    In this lesson students will make a dye-sensitized solar cell (also known as DSC or Gratzel cell) using extracts from blackberries, raspberries, blueberries, red cabbage, strawberries, beetroot, spinach and dried hibiscus petals. Students will measure the voltage and the current of various light sources using the created solar cells and then compare the effectiveness of each.

  • Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum, Electrons | Middle School, High School

    Lesson Plan: Let it Glow

    In this lesson students will investigate the fluorescence of a variety of everyday items as well as prepared samples under a black light. Students will examine the concepts of absorption and subsequent emission of photons, as well as wavelength, frequency, and energy of electromagnetic radiation. As extension activities, students will learn about phosphorescence and research real-life applications of photoluminescence.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Law of Conservation of Energy, Oxidation, Half Reactions, Oxidation Number | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fading Away

    In this lesson students will explore photodegradation of color. First, students will view how fading of paint has affected Van Gogh’s great works of art and the efforts that are being taken to conserve these works. While exploring, students will actively engage in research to relate the fading process to redox reactions, X-Ray diffraction, solute-solvent interactions, and light/energy calculations. Students will then act as an Engineering Task Force and brainstorm to identify how photodegradation affects modern day objects and plan how to address their fading in an effort to market to the airliner Jetstar

  • Mixtures, Molecular Structure, Electromagnetic Spectrum | Middle School, High School

    Video: What are Pigments? Video

    This video discusses the chemistry of pigment molecules and how they are used to give paints their specific color. Students will learn about the importance of a pigment’s molecular structure, how they are physically suspended to create a paint color, as well as how they interact with light.

  • Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Molecular Formula, Intermolecular Forces, Electromagnetic Spectrum | Middle School, High School

    Video: What is Paint? Video

    This video investigates the composition of paint, while analyzing the fundamental chemistry principles of its main components. Students will learn about the differences between three common paint types, water colors, oil-based and acrylic paint as well as the chemistry of each.

  • Reaction Rate, Reaction Rate, Catalysts, Combustion, Activation Energy | High School

    Demonstration: Rates of Reactions

    In this series of demonstrations, students will be introduced to factors that affect the rates of chemical reactions. They will observe and record their observations, while also describing the rate-influencing factor for each demonstration as well as evidence supporting whether or not the reaction rate was increased or decreased by the factor.

  • Electricity, Renewable Energy, Galvanic Cells, Cathode, Anode | High School

    Video: Hybrid and Electric Cars Video

    This video explores the chemistry in the batteries that power hybrid and electric cars.

  • Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

    Lab: Little Miss Muffet

    In this lab, students make homemade glue from milk and compare it to commercial glue.

  • Classification of Reactions, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Determining Endothermic and Exothermic Reaction

    In this lab, students will analyze evidence to determine if a chemical reaction releases energy and can be classified as an exothermic reaction or if it absorbs energy and can be classified as an endothermic reaction.

  • Electromagnetic Spectrum | High School

    Activity: Electromagnetic Spectrum Book

    In this activity, students will create a book that describes all of the individual parts that make up the electromagnetic spectrum.

  • Atomic Spectra, Interdisciplinary, Identifying an Unknown, Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Spectral Detective

    In this lab, students will use a spectroscope to view the atomic spectra of various unknown elements. Using their collected data in combination with known atomic spectra, they will identify the chemical elements.

  • History, Renewable Energy, Interdisciplinary, Culminating Project | High School

    Activity: Understanding Renewable Energy

    In this project, students will conduct research in order to become an “expert” on a specific type of renewable energy source. Students will produce a media presentation and a poster board as well as participate in a symposium focused on renewable energy sources.

  • Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Temperature, Activation Energy, Energy Diagrams, Bond Energy | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions

    In this simulation, students will evaluate the energy changes in an endothermic and an exothermic chemical reaction. Through the use of this simulation students will have the opportunity to compare how energy is absorbed and released in each reaction. Additionally, students will make a connection between the standard energy diagrams associated with each reaction type.

  • Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Law of Conservation of Energy | High School

    Activity: Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions

    In this activity, students observe industrial-strength snap sticks and chemical cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic reactions.

  • Physical Properties, History, Temperature, Accuracy | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: The Temperature Guys Video

    This video tells the story of how temperature as we currently know it evolved. The first thermometers invented in the early 1600s are very different than ones we use today!

  • Combustion, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Heat of Combustion | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: The Internal Combustion Engine Video

    This video investigates both the mechanical and the chemical processes used in the internal combustion engine, as well as the history and evolution of the combustion engine.

  • Catalysts, Combustion, Activation Energy, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Oxidation | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Catalytic Converters Video

    This video investigates the role of a catalytic converter and its corresponding chemical reactions within a vehicle. Students will learn about both oxidation and reduction reactions and how they, in combination with a catalyst, can impact the molecules released in a car’s exhaust.

  • Electricity, Renewable Energy, Heat, Galvanic Cells, Cathode, Anode | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Alternative Fuels Video

    This video analyzes alternatives to petroleum based fossil fuels, such as biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells.

  • Concentration, Molarity, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Temperature, Scientific Method, Enthalpy, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Less Than Zero

    In this lab, students will investigate the endothermic reaction between baking soda and HCl. Students will consider stoichiometric ratios, molar concentrations, reaction scale, and calorimetry. The lab starts with a scripted reaction that uses given molar ratios, a glass beaker, and 2-M HCl. They will witness a temperature drop of about 5 to 8 C. Students then adjust the experiment so they can achieve a temperature drop of more than 20 C.

  • Observations, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Observations, Inferences, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: What is Temperature?

    In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.

  • Le Châtelier's Principle, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Establishing Equilibrium, Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient | High School

    Demonstration: Le Châtelier’s Principle

    In this demonstration, students will witness a system at equilibrium and apply different stresses to see how the equilibrium shifts.

  • Gas Laws, Catalysts, Combustion, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Enthalpy, Activation Energy, Energy Diagrams, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Launching Rockets

    In this lab, students create a stoichiometric mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases to launch a soda bottle rocket.

  • Reaction Rate, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Redox Reaction | High School

    Demonstration: Potassium Permanganate Demo

    In this demo, students witness two chemicals that take some time to react. The KMnO4 and glycerin come into contact and appear not to react, but then a flame results. This is an example of an exothermic redox reaction.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Kitchen Reaction

    In this lab students will observe an endothermic chemical reaction involving baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid). Students will investigate the signs a chemical reaction has occurred (gas production, change in temperature). Students will perform the lab in an open system so they can see the change of mass due to gas production. This lab is a lead into the topic of conservation of mass. After the lab is completed, the teacher should do a demonstration of the exothermic reaction Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide.

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