Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics
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Heat, Temperature, Specific Heat, Law of Conservation of Energy, Enthalpy, Calorimetry, Exothermic & Endothermic, Balancing Equations, Chemical Change, Measurements, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Culminating Project, Interdisciplinary, Review, Graphing, Observations, Chemical Properties, Physical Properties  High School
Project: Handwarmer Design Challenge
In this project, students will use their knowledge of thermodynamics to design a handwarmer for a manufacturing company that can maintain a temperature of 3040°C for at least 5 minutes and is designed for the average human hand. Students will create a final product after rounds of testing and an advertising poster that summarizes the results of their testing and promotes their design.

Review, Culminating Project, Mixtures, Separating Mixtures, Beer's Law, Concentration, Conductivity, Redox Reaction, Half Reactions, pH, Titrations, Buffers, Indicators, Ionic Bonding, Covalent Bonding, Alloys, Percent Composition, Le Châtelier's Principle, Enthalpy, Calorimetry  High School
Lesson Plan: AP Chemistry Experimental Evidence Review
In this lesson, students will evaluate data from 16 simulated lab experiments that were designed to mirror the Recommended Labs from the College Board. Corresponding lab experiments and demonstration options have also been included for teacher reference.

Equilibrium Constants, Le Châtelier's Principle, Gibb's Free Energy , Enthalpy, Entropy, Solubility  High School
Lesson Plan: Relationship Between Free Energy and the Equilibrium Constant
In this lesson, students will explore the relationships between solubility and Keq (specifically Ksp), as well as Keq and ΔG°. First, a guided inquiry activity will introduce the relationship between standard free energy and equilibrium constant with the equation ΔG° = RTlnKeq. Then data collection regarding solubility of potassium nitrate at various temperatures will lead to the calculation of Ksp and ΔGo for the dissolution reaction at those temperatures. Students will manipulate the equations ΔG° = RTlnKeq and ΔG° = ΔH°  TΔS° to derive a linear relationship between 1/T and lnKeq, which will then be graphed to determine values for ΔH° and ΔS°.

Hess's Law, Calorimetry, Heat, Enthalpy, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Utilizing Hess's Law
In this lab, students will use a coffee cup calorimeter to collect data that will allow them to calculate ∆H for two reactions. The first reaction, between sodium bicarbonate and hydrochloric acid is endothermic. The second, between sodium carbonate and hydrochloric pressure, is exothermic. They will then use their experimental values and Hess’s Law to determine ∆H for the decomposition of sodium bicarbonate, compare their calculated value to the theoretical value, and calculate the percent error. This resource includes a prelab presentation and sample calculations.

Enthalpy, Entropy, Gibb's Free Energy  High School
Lab: Thermodynamics Escape Room
In this lab, students are presented with an escape room scenario that challenges them to complete three tasks in order to escape from an old, mysterious Gothic house. Students are given access to a small assortment of chemicals, and standard lab equipment. They must determine which chemicals and equipment will help them to light a tap light without touching it, free a key from a block of ice without using a conventional heat source, and free a lock that is buried in a pile of glue.

Enthalpy, Entropy, Gibb's Free Energy , Spontaneous vs. Nonspontaneous Reactions, Exothermic & Endothermic  High School
Lab: Investigating Enthalpy and Entropy
In this lab, students will be able to observe and measure energy changes during the formation of solutions. The students should be able to explain and describe these changes in terms of entropy, enthalpy and free energy.

Heat, Temperature, Specific Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic, Energy Diagrams, Hess's Law, Calorimetry, Entropy, Enthalpy, Gibb's Free Energy  High School
Lesson Plan: Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics Unit Plan
The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach thermochemistry and thermodynamics to your students.

Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient, Activation Energy, Energy Diagrams, Catalysts, Enthalpy, Entropy, Spontaneous vs. Nonspontaneous Reactions  High School
Lesson Plan: Making Connections in Kinetics, Equilibrium and Thermochemistry
In this lesson students will understand the connections between the equilibrium constant (K) and the reaction quotient (Q) as well as how they determine the favorability of a reaction. Additionally students will be able to determine if a reaction is kinetically favored or thermodynamically favored.

Entropy, Gibb's Free Energy , Enthalpy  High School
Lesson Plan: Enthalpy and Entropy as Driving Forces
In this activity, students observe various chemical and physical processes to qualitatively predict and explain the signs of ∆S and ∆H. Based on their observations, they will predict the sign of ∆G and will determine the driving force of the process. Students will then calculate ∆S, ∆H and ∆G. This lesson focuses on thermochemical predictions, calculations and explanations.

Calorimetry, Exothermic & Endothermic, Temperature, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Molarity, Enthalpy, Heat, Concentration, Experimental Design, Scientific Method  High School
Lab: Less Than Zero
In this lab, students will investigate the endothermic reaction between baking soda and HCl. Students will consider stoichiometric ratios, molar concentrations, reaction scale, and calorimetry. The lab starts with a scripted reaction that uses given molar ratios, a glass beaker, and 2M HCl. They will witness a temperature drop of about 5 to 8 C. Students then adjust the experiment so they can achieve a temperature drop of more than 20 C.

Combustion, Limiting Reactant, Catalysts, Gas Laws, Stoichiometry, Activation Energy, Enthalpy, Energy Diagrams, Experimental Design  High School
Lab: Launching Rockets
In this lab, students create a stoichiometric mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases to launch a soda bottle rocket.

Hess's Law, Enthalpy, Exothermic & Endothermic  High School
Lesson Plan: Hess's Law
In this lesson, students learn about the concepts of Hess's Law and how to solve problems involving them.

Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Enthalpy, Calorimetry, Observations, Inferences  High School, Middle School
Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs
In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

Molecular Structure, Molecular Structure , Interdisciplinary, Chemical Change, Distillation, Renewable Energy, Enthalpy, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Combustion  High School
Lesson Plan: Biofuels of the Future
In this lesson students will explore the world of automobile alternative energy sources through the study of biofuels. They will design and create an ebook that illustrates and explains one of the provided topics or an original idea approved by the teacher.