Classroom Resources: Gases
1 – 25 of 69 Classroom Resources
Temperature, Temperature, Heat, Photosynthesis, Isotopes | High School
Lesson Plan: Climate Change and the Keeling Curve
In this lesson, students will learn about climate change through reading about research behind carbon dioxide emissions, which led to the development of the Keeling Curve. Isotopic tracing as well as photosynthesis are briefly touched on. There are a series of activities to help promote literacy in the science classroom related to the reading. This lesson could be easily used as plans for a substitute teacher, as most of the activities are self-guided.
Gas Laws, Volume, Temperature, Pressure | High School, Middle School
Activity: Animation Activity: Gases
In this activity, students will use an animation to visualize how properties of gases (quantity, volume, temperature, and pressure) are related. This is done qualitatively through the balloon and bell jar scenarios. Quantitative relationships, with the corresponding laws, are summarized at the end.
Measurements, Volume | Elementary School
Activity: Understanding Volume Measurements
In this activity, students will use base ten-centimeter blocks to fill containers in order to understand the concept of volume. Through discussion and review of the data, the teacher will lead them to discover the formula for determining volume.
Chemical Change, Volume | Elementary School, Middle School
Lab: Air Bag Design Challenge
In this lab, students will learn how chemistry is used in air bags. Students will model the inflation of an air bag by performing a series of reactions using baking soda and vinegar in a Ziploc bag. During this investigation, students will see that there is a relationship between the inflation size of the bag and the amount of reactants used. Finally, students will be challenged to design an air bag that can help an egg endure a crash test.
Partial Pressure, Gas Laws, Ideal Gas, Pressure, Molar Mass, Measurements, Error Analysis | High School
Lab: Molar Mass of Butane
In this lab, students will experimentally determine the molar mass of butane using Dalton’s law and the ideal gas law. They will also calculate the percent error and explain possible sources of error.
Percent Composition, Ideal Gas | High School
Lesson Plan: Investigating Popcorn with the Ideal Gas Law
In this lab, students will collect data to determine the pressure inside a popcorn kernel when it pops using the Ideal Gas Law. They will also calculate the percentage of water present in the average popcorn kernel. This resource includes two versions of the student activity, traditional and inquiry.
Stoichiometry, Gas Laws, Mole Concept | High School
Lab: Investigating the Self-Inflating Balloon
In this lab, students will investigate the chemical reaction used in the self-inflating balloon. They will apply their knowledge of gas laws and stoichiometry in order to determine the quantities of reactants used to inflate the balloon.
Partial Pressure, Gas Laws, Ideal Gas, Molar Mass, Pressure, Measurements, Error Analysis | High School
Lab: Determination of the Molar Mass of Butane
In this lab, students will experimentally determine the molar mass of a gas, specifically butane (C4H10), by collection over water. This experiment is an inquiry based experiment for 2nd year chemistry or AP chemistry students who have previously collected an insoluble gas.
Gas Laws, Ideal Gas, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Stoichiometry, Partial Pressure | High School
Lab: Determination of the Ideal Gas Law Constant
In this lab, students will collect a gas sample over water and use multiple scientific principles including stoichiometry and gas laws to experimentally determine the Ideal Gas Law Constant (R).
Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Concentration, Pressure, Temperature | High School
Demonstration: Exploring Gas Solubility
In this demonstration, students will explore how changes in pressure and temperature affect the solubility of a gas in an aqueous solution. In addition, students will have the opportunity in a post-demonstration reflection activity to practice using data (in this case their demonstration observations) to make evidence based claims.
Density, Combustion, Lab Safety | High School
Demonstration: Density of Gases and Particle Diagrams
In this demonstration, students will observe the teacher carry out two combustion reactions. First the teacher will burn a small sample of propane gas in a beaker. Next the teacher will burn a small sample of methane gas. Students will create particle diagrams in order support their explanation and model their observations as they improve their understanding of gas density.
Kinetic Molecular Theory | High School
Demonstration: Diffusion of Particles
In this demonstration students will experience diffusion, and then model the process of diffusion of microwave popcorn “flavor particles” in a room filled with still air.
Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume | High School
Lab: Deriving the Gas Laws
In this lab, students will investigate the relationships of the variables related to gases. They will draw particle diagrams and derive equations to express these relationships. They will then combine these relationships to derive the combined gas law and the ideal gas law. Finally, they will use the molar volume of a gas at STP to derive the ideal gas constant, R.
Kinetic Molecular Theory, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume | High School
Demonstration: Inflate and Shrink Wrap a Student
In this demonstration, students will observe two situations. First a student will be lifted off the desk as other students blow air into straws connected to a garbage bag in order to inflate it. Secondly, the class will observe a garbage bag shrink wrapping a student as a vacuum removes air from the bag.
Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume, History | Middle School, High School
Activity: Robert Boyle Video Questions
In this activity, students will watch a video and answer questions about Robert Boyle. They will learn about his impact in chemistry, including Boyle’s Law which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.
Kinetic Molecular Theory, Temperature, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School
Lab: Mega Marshmallows
In this lab, students will investigate the Kinetic Molecular Theory and particle motion while experimenting with a marshmallow. Students will observe how an increase in kinetic energy will cause particles to increase in motion. This concept will be extended into a discussion about additional real world thermal expansion examples.
Temperature, Heat, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School
Demonstration: An Uplifting Experience
In this demonstration, students will investigate what happens to air when it is heated.
Molecular Motion, Density, Density, Temperature | Elementary School
Lab: Observing Density of Gases and Liquids
Students will learn about and discuss the behavior of a gas using examples of convection and an optional teacher-led demonstration. Students will then participation in a lab where they will investigate water currents by observing the results of mixing colored warm water with room temperature water. The lab will be followed by a discussion about the molecular activity of the water mixture.
Pressure, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School
In this demonstration, students will learn how temperature change affects air pressure, while observing an egg getting sucked into a bottle without being touched!
Heat, Temperature, Temperature | Elementary School
Demonstration: Global Warming in a Jar
In this demonstration students will learn about the cause and effects of global warming. Students will research about global warming, while also comparing it to a demonstration. This will help students to better understand the effects that temperature change can have on the planet.
Temperature, Volume, Gas Laws | Elementary School, Middle School
Demonstration: Candle Mystery
In this demonstration, students will observe and analyze how the change in temperature of a gas can affect the volume of a gas.
Gas Laws, Stoichiometry | High School
Lab: Carbonate Identification
In this lab students use gas laws and stoichiometry, along with some balloons and simple measuring tools, to identify a metal carbonate from a short list of possibilities.
Exothermic & Endothermic, Law of Conservation of Energy, Heat, Temperature | High School
Activity: Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions
In this activity, students observe industrial-strength snap sticks and chemical cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic reactions.
Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume, History | Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: Robert Boyle Video
This video tells the story of Robert Boyle, a great chemist and discoverer of Boyle's Law, which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.
Gas Laws, Pressure, Temperature, Volume, Kinetic Molecular Theory | Middle School, High School
Animation: Gases Animation
In this animation, students will visualize how the quantity, volume, temperature, and pressure of a gas are related. This is done qualitatively through the balloon and bell jar scenarios. Quantitative relationships, with the corresponding laws, are summarized at the end. **This video has no audio**