LESSON PLAN in Density, Temperature, Chemical Change, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Dimensional Analysis, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Graphing. Last updated November 4, 2019.
The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the Gas Laws to your students.
By the end of this unit, students should be able to:
- Explain that particles of gases are in constant random motion.
- Understand the relationships between gas pressure, temperature, volume, and moles.
- Calculate the final values for volume, pressure, temperature, or moles of a gas sample based on a given set of data.
- Predict the spatial distribution, interaction, and motion of particles in a gas sample as variables are changed.
- Interpret trends in data by examining the graph associated with each of the gas laws.
- Compare the density of gases based on their behavior.
- Use simulations to better understand the behavior of gases.
- Understand how pressure, temperature, volume, and molecular weight affect how particles in a gas behave.
- Apply the concepts of gas laws to stoichiometry problems.
- Carry out stoichiometry problems with solid, aqueous, and gaseous states.
This lesson supports students’ understanding of
- Gas Laws
- Properties of Gases
- Kinetic Molecular Theory
- Diffusion of Gases
- Density of Gases
- Gas Stoichiometry
- Chemical Reactions
- Balancing Reactions
- Mole Ratios
- Dimensional Analysis
Teacher Preparation: See individual resources
Lesson: 7–10 class periods, depending upon class level
- Refer to the materials list given with each individual activity.
- Refer to the safety instructions given for each individual activity.
- The activities shown below are listed in the order that they should be completed.
- The teacher notes, student handouts, and additional materials can be accessed on the page for each individual activity.
- Please note that most of these resources are AACT member benefits.
- Gases: Introduce this unit to your students with the Gases Animation which allows students to visualize how volume, pressure, temperature, and quantity of a gas are related. Both qualitative and quantitative relationships are explored.
- Robert Boyle: Then show the Founders of Chemistry Robert Boyle video which tells the story of the great chemist and discoverer of Boyle's Law, and describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.Use the animation and video to guide your students through a discussion of what is happening at the atomic levels for gases. Use our Student Video Pass to have your students watch the video outside of the classroom. If you would like them to take notes during the video, there are available for download on our website.
- Gas Pressure: After the class discussion, have your students get active with the Gas Pressure Lab which will allow them to better understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases. This activity will further help your students visualize the behavior or gas particles.
- Gas Laws: Use this simulation to introduce gas law mathematical relationships into the unit. Students investigate three of the fundamental gas laws, including Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law and Gay-Lussac’s Law. They will also have the opportunity to visually examine the effect of changing the associated variables of pressure, volume, or temperature in each situation. Students can analyze gas samples at the particle level as well as manipulate quantitative data in each scenario. Finally, students interpret trends in the data by examining the graph associated with each of the gas laws. This lesson accompanies the simulation from the November 2015 issue of Chemistry Solutions. There is a student activity sheet to accompany the simulation.
of lecturing or using the textbook to teach students about the gas laws, use
this lab to investigate the relationship between temperature, volume, pressure
and number of gas particles. Students draw particle diagrams and derive
equations to express these relationships and then combine them to find the
combined gas law and the ideal gas law. Additionally, they will use the molar
volume of a gas at standard temperature and pressure to derive the ideal gas
- Another option is the lab, Determination of the Ideal Gas Law Constant, which has students collect a gas sample over water. They then use stoichiometry and the gas laws to determine the Ideal Gas Law Constant (R).
- A “Day of Demos” will help students apply the concepts to phenomena they observe every day:
- - Use this demonstration to introduce the concepts of Kinetic Molecular Theory and diffusion of gases with the use of microwaved popcorn and the aroma it produces in your classroom. After discussing the phenomenon, students then storyboard it to show how particles diffuse through the room.
- Make the Water Rise! - In this demonstration, students will observe the impact of temperature change on a gas through an engaging demonstration using simple household materials.
- Balloon and Flask - In this demo, students will witness the relationship between temperature and volume as well as temperature and pressure.
- EGG-citing Gas Laws! - In this demonstration, students will observe the impact of temperature change on gas pressure through an engaging demonstration using simple household materials.
- Understanding Gas Laws: Students can get more practice explaining the relationship between gas temperature, pressure, and volume with this activity. Through the use of an online program, students investigate gas laws (Kinetic Molecular Theory, Partial Pressure, Boyle’s Law, Charles Law, and Gay-Lussac’s Law).
- Gas Laws: Do your students need a bit more practice? This activity allows students to examine gas laws by carrying out several computer simulations.
- Exploring Gases: It’s time for the students to get some hands on experience! In this lab, students investigate the relationship between the variables of temperature, volume and pressure. They engage in three lab station activities that each demonstrate a particular gas law and then then interpret the results, graph data points and relate given data sets to each of the three gas laws.
- Ideal Gas Law Using Carbon Dioxide: Use this demonstration to give your students the opportunity to link calculations to gas observations. Students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.
- Comparing Gas Density: In this demonstration, students will observe a reaction between baking soda and vinegar in the presence of a variety of different heights of lit candles. The initial environment has plenty of oxygen present in order to sustain the candle’s flame; however the reaction will produce carbon dioxide which will cause the lit candles to extinguish in order of height. Students will analyze and compare the presence of the gases in the container and make determinations about the densities of each.
- struggle with the concept of gas density use this demonstration will help them recognize that different samples of gas will have different density values through the observation of the combustion of both propane and methane gases.
- Stoichiometry of Air Bags: Tie chemistry to real life with this lesson plan.Students are introduced to the concept of gram to gram stoichiometry calculations and guided through a scenario regarding air bags. They are then tasked with calculating the amount of gas (NaN3) that must be used to inflate a vehicle air bag to the correct size. Follow-up practice problems are also provided.There is a PowerPoint presentation prepared for this lesson.
- Air Bag Stoichiometry: For a culminating activity, use this project that allows students to make real-world connections of stoichiometry with the design of car air bag. This can be used as a class activity or as an assessment.
- In the Fog about Smog: Solving the Smog Puzzle on Earth and From Space Ozone, Our Global Sunscreen: You can add an extension activity to increase your student’s science literacy with this ChemMatters April 2013 article. There is also an accompanying ChemMatters Video (Episode 12), How NASA Tracks Air Pollution from Space. NASA's Aura satellite can measure air quality across the entire planet in just 24 hours. This episode describes some of Aura's achievements, explains how smog is formed, and discusses the future of Earth's ozone hole.