Classroom Resources: Gases
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Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  Middle School, High School
Activity: Animation Activity: Gases
In this activity, students will use an animation to visualize how properties of gases (quantity, volume, temperature, and pressure) are related. This is done qualitatively through the balloon and bell jar scenarios. Quantitative relationships, with the corresponding laws, are summarized at the end.

Measurements, Volume  Elementary School
Activity: Understanding Volume Measurements
In this activity, students will use base tencentimeter blocks to fill containers in order to understand the concept of volume. Through discussion and review of the data, the teacher will lead them to discover the formula for determining volume.

Chemical Change, Volume  Elementary School, Middle School
Lab: Air Bag Design Challenge
In this lab, students will learn how chemistry is used in air bags. Students will model the inflation of an air bag by performing a series of reactions using baking soda and vinegar in a Ziploc bag. During this investigation, students will see that there is a relationship between the inflation size of the bag and the amount of reactants used. Finally, students will be challenged to design an air bag that can help an egg endure a crash test.

Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lab: Deriving the Gas Laws
In this lab, students will investigate the relationships of the variables related to gases. They will draw particle diagrams and derive equations to express these relationships. They will then combine these relationships to derive the combined gas law and the ideal gas law. Finally, they will use the molar volume of a gas at STP to derive the ideal gas constant, R.

Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume  High School
Demonstration: Inflate and Shrink Wrap a Student
In this demonstration, students will observe two situations. First a student will be lifted off the desk as other students blow air into straws connected to a garbage bag in order to inflate it. Secondly, the class will observe a garbage bag shrink wrapping a student as a vacuum removes air from the bag.

Gas Laws, Pressure, History, Volume  Middle School, High School
Activity: Robert Boyle Video Questions
In this activity, students will watch a video and answer questions about Robert Boyle. They will learn about his impact in chemistry, including Boyle’s Law which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Volume  Elementary School, Middle School
Demonstration: Candle Mystery
In this demonstration, students will observe and analyze how the change in temperature of a gas can affect the volume of a gas.

Gas Laws, Pressure, History, Volume  Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: Robert Boyle Video
This video tells the story of Robert Boyle, a great chemist and discoverer of Boyle's Law, which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume  Middle School, High School
Animation: Gases Animation
In this animation, students will visualize how the quantity, volume, temperature, and pressure of a gas are related. This is done qualitatively through the balloon and bell jar scenarios. Quantitative relationships, with the corresponding laws, are summarized at the end. **This video has no audio**

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume  High School
Activity: Understanding Gas Laws
In this activity, students use an online program to investigate gas laws.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lab: Three Station Gas Lab
In this lab, students will investigate relationships of variables involved with gases. They will draw pictures and explain in words what they observe and why.

Density, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Physical Change, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Ideal Gas, Volume  High School
Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide
In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  Elementary School
Lab: The Growing Marshmallow
In this lab, students will investigate the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas, using a plastic syringe and a marshmallow.

Density, Temperature, Chemical Change, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Dimensional Analysis, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Graphing  High School
Lesson Plan: The Gas Laws Unit Plan
The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the Gas Laws to your students.

Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Scientific Method, Volume, Experimental Design  Middle School, High School
Activity: Hot Air Balloon
In this activity, students use their knowledge of Charles’ law to build a hot air balloon and evaluate its design.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lesson Plan: Gases Unit Plan
In this lesson, students will investigate gases similar to how scientists learned about them “back in the day.” Students begin by investigating gas behavior, then they investigate gas density and use this to interpret Avogadro’s hypothesis that gases under the same conditions combine in simple whole number ratios.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Intermolecular Forces, Volume  Middle School, High School
Lab: Gas Pressure
In this lab, students will understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume, Graphing  Middle School, High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Laws
In this simulation, students will investigate three of the fundamental gas laws, including Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law and GayLussac’s Law. Students will have the opportunity to visually examine the effect of changing the associated variables of pressure, volume, or temperature in each situation. Also, students will analyze the gas samples at the particle level as well as manipulate quantitative data in each scenario. Finally students will interpret trends in the data by examining the graph associated with each of the gas laws. This lesson accompanies the simulation from the November 2015 issue of Chemistry Solutions.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, SI Units, Volume  Middle School, High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Law Variables
In this simulation, students investigate variables of a gas. From the computer models, they can see how pressure, temperature, and volume effect gas behavior.

Density, Temperature, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Volume, Error Analysis, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Gas Density and Relative Molecular Mass
In this lab, students will quantitatively determine the densities of four gases.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Accuracy, Graphing, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Finding Absolute Zero
In this lab, students will experimentally determine the value for absolute zero in degrees Celsius.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume, Graphing  High School
Lab: Exploring Gases
In this lab, students will investigate the relationship between the variables of temperature, volume and pressure. Students will engage in three lab station activities that each demonstrate a particular gas law. Students will interpret the results, graph data points and relate given data sets to each of the three gas laws.

Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Matter, Volume, Graphing  Middle School, High School
Lab: Pressure Bottle
In this lab, students determine the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas and its temperature and address the common misconception that air does not have mass or density.

Renewable Energy, Pressure, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Volume  Middle School, High School
Lab: Power That Stinks
In this lab, students will experiment with creating and capturing biogas, and have an opportunity to look at how energy is created from waste. They will explore the differences between nonrenewable and renewable energy sources.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Demonstration: Eggciting Gas Laws
In this demonstration, students will observe how changing the temperature of a gas will affect the pressure of the gas through an engaging demonstration using a heat source, water vapor and a hardboiled egg.