Classroom Resources: Molecules & Bonding


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76 – 100 of 145 Classroom Resources

  • Ionic Bonding, Net Ionic Equation | High School

    Lab: The pH of Salts

    In this lab, students will determine whether an aqueous solution is acidic, basic, or neutral. Students will write net ionic equations for the hydrolysis of a solution.

  • Naming Compounds, Ionic Bonding, Lewis Structures | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Ionic Bonding Puzzle

    In this activity, students match puzzle pieces to create neutral ionic compounds. Once they have made a neutral ionic compound they can use electron dot diagrams to show the formation of the compounds. Finally they will name the ionic compounds.

  • Physical Properties, Polarity, Molecular Structure | High School

    Activity: What Makes Water So Special?

    In this activity, students will become familiar with the special properties of water by completing several activities that investigate the following physical properties: cohesion, adhesion, surface tension, and capillary action.

  • Physical Properties, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding | Middle School, High School

    Lab: You Light Up My Life!

    In this lab, students will participate in a guided inquiry in which they will test different physical properties, such as conductivity and solubility of given samples. This lab can be used to introduce ionic, covalent and metallic bonds as well as their properties. This lab should help students make connections between the types of bonds, differentiate between them, as well as help to better understand the nomenclature of ionic and covalent compounds.

  • Naming Compounds, Introduction, Interdisciplinary, Molecular Formula, Molecular Structure, Molecular Structure , Chemical Bond | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Modeling Carbohydrates

    In this activity, students will identify that organic compounds contain carbon and other elements such as hydrogen and oxygen. They will investigate the structure of different organic and inorganic compounds and model several molecules, including a carbohydrate molecule. They will use their models to help understand how larger molecules are broken down into smaller molecules.

  • Phase Changes, Conservation of Matter, Polymers, Chemical Change | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Making Slime

    In this lesson, students explore the science behind chemical reactions as well as the processes used by chemical engineering principles to develop new materials. The idea that mixing two substances can result in an explosion, the release of gas, and the formation of an entirely new substance is both fascinating and mysterious to most young students.

  • Mixtures, Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Geometry | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Animation: Solubility Animation

    In an animation, students will have an opportunity to visualize on the particulate level how solubility works. Examples of ionic compounds and a polar covalent compound show how when water is attracted to charged parts, they dissolve, and when they're not attracted to charged parts they stay solid. **This video has no audio**

  • History, Periodic Table, Molecular Structure, Molecular Structure , Molecular Geometry | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Phosphorous Video

    In this video, Sam Kean tells the story of how phosphorus was at the center of the race to discover the structure of DNA.

  • Polarity, Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Animation: Bonding Animation

    "In this animation, students will visualize how different chemical bonds form. Examples of ionic, covalent, and polar covalent bonds are animated, and then students are given a sample of compounds to predict the bonding types. **This video has no audio**"

  • Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Molar Mass | High School

    Lab: Calculating Moles

    In this lab, students will have the opportunity to practice conducting the chemist’s way of counting atoms and molecules by using the mole. They will determine the mass of various common elements and compounds and convert this data into values of moles, atoms and molecules. This will allow students to realize the connection between commonly used laboratory chemicals and the quantitative data and calculations that are such a fundamental part of chemistry.

  • Molecular Formula, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Scientific Notation, Molar Mass, Significant Figures | High School

    Activity: Can You Color A Mole?

    In this activity, students determine how many moles of paraffin are used when they color a piece of paper as well as how many molecules and moles of wax are in one crayon.

  • Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Molar Mass | High School

    Lab: It's Mole Time!

    In this lab, students determine the number of moles of chalk used to write their name, the moles of sucrose ingested while chewing gum, and the moles of alcohol evaporated when using hand sanitizer.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Molar Mass, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Physical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Molar Mass, Ideal Gas, Volume, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Molar Mass of Dry Ice

    In this lab, students will use gas laws to calculate the molar mass of dry ice and then use the information to identify the compound that makes up this substance.

  • Identifying an Unknown, Net Ionic Equation, Stoichiometry, Percent Composition, Molar Mass, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Analysis of Carbonate Compounds

    In this lab, students identify three unknown substances by measuring the amount of product (CO2) produced by a reaction with hydrochloric acid.

  • Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Conductivity | High School

    Lab: Strong and Weak Electrolytes

    In this lab, students will analyze the conductivity of several common household solutions using a light emitting conductivity diode tester to determine if the solution is a strong or weak electrolyte. Students will interpret the brightness of the lightbulb to determine the strength of the electrolyte. Students will also have an opportunity to consider the connection between conductivity and bond type during this lab.

  • Solubility, Covalent Bonding, Precipitate, Ionic Bonding, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Benzoic Acid Blizzard in a Bottle

    In this lab, students create a snow globe by taking advantage of benzoic acid’s solubility properties in hot water.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Identifying an Unknown, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Properties, Intramolecular Forces, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Solubility & Compound Type

    In this lesson, students determine whether unknown substances are polar, nonpolar, or ionic by testing their solubilities.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Polarity, Phase Changes, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Condensation, Chemical Change, Functional Groups, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Condensation Reaction

    In this lab, students will use Lewis structures to explain the mechanism of an organic condensation reaction between a carboxylic acid and an alcohol, also known as an esterification reaction.

  • Percent Composition, Percent Composition, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lab: Percent Composition of Bubble Gum

    In this lab, students will be introduced to the concept of percent composition. Students will determine the amount of sweetener in various brands of gum by determining the mass difference of the gum before and after it is chewed.

  • Molecular Formula, Molecular Structure, Molecular Structure , Functional Groups, Oxidation, Saturated vs. Unsaturated | High School

    Lesson Plan: Chocolate: The New Health Food

    Explore emergency lesson plans from ChemMatters magazine.

  • Naming Compounds, Molecular Formula, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molar Mass | High School

    Activity: Formula Card Game

    In this activity, students play a card game to practice creating chemical formulas.

  • Molecular Formula, History, Covalent Bonding, Molecular Structure, Functional Groups | High School

    Activity: Napoleon's Buttons Writing Assignment

    In this activity, students read Penny Le Couteur and Jay Burreson’s book Napoleon’s Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History. They discuss the book in class and complete a written assignment based on the chemistry and history highlighted in the book.

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