Classroom Resources: Solutions


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  • Solubility, Solubility Rules, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Chemical Bond, Ionic Bonding, Covalent Bonding, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Intramolecular Forces | High School, Middle School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Animation Activity: Solubility

    In this activity, students will use an animation to visualize how ionic and molecular compounds dissolve (or don’t) in water. They will see that if an ionic compound such as salt dissolves, the ions dissociate, whereas the molecules in a molecular compound such as sugar remain intact but are separated from one another by water molecules. They will also see that some ionic compounds, such as chalk, do not dissolve, and the cations and anions remain stuck together.

  • Colligative Properties, Boiling Point Elevation, Freezing Point Depression, Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Boiling Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Graphing, Physical Properties, Heat, Temperature | High School, Middle School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Simulation Activity: The Effect of Solutes on Boiling and Freezing Point

    In this activity, students will use a colligative properties simulation to investigate the effects of different solutes, and different amounts of those solutes, on the boiling point and freezing point of a solution. Students will see particle-level animations of boiling and freezing with different types and amounts of solutes, as well as graphical representations of the results of each trial.

  • Colligative Properties, Boiling Point Elevation, Freezing Point Depression, Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Boiling Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Graphing, Physical Properties, Heat, Temperature | High School

    Simulation: Colligative Properties

    In this simulation, students will investigate the effects of different solutes, and different amounts of those solutes, on the boiling point and freezing point of a solution. Students will see particle-level animations of boiling and freezing with different types and amounts of solutes, as well as graphical representations of the results of each trial.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Precipitate, Mixtures, Error Analysis, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Observations, Identifying an Unknown, Graphing | High School, Middle School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Chemicals, Chromatography, and Crime!

    In this lab, students will test “evidence” that has been collected from a crime scene. In order to determine if the victim was poisoned, students will perform a solubility and crystallization test on an unknown powder. Then, students will attempt to identify the culprit by using paper chromatography to analyze the lipstick from the potential criminals.

  • Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure, Polymers, Electromagnetic Spectrum | Middle School, High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: What is Paint? Video Questions

    In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the composition of paint. During the video, students will learn about the differences between three common paint types, water colors, oil-based and acrylic paint as well as the chemistry of each.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent | Middle School, High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: Diffusion and Osmosis

    In this lesson, students will build upon their understanding of solutions and concentration. They will observe the diffusion of food coloring dye in water and then perform an experiment focused on how solutions of different concentrations will affect the movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane.

  • Molarity, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Simulation: Preparing Solutions

    In this simulation, students will complete a calculation in order to determine either the molarity of solution, volume of solution, or mass of solute needed. Additionally the associated particle diagram for the solution will be displayed to help students better visualize the solution at the particulate level. Finally, students will gain familiarity with the proper lab techniques for preparing a solution as they are lead through a step-by-step animated process demonstrating this procedure.

  • Molarity, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Simulation Activity: Preparing Solutions

    In this simulation, students will complete a calculation in order to determine the value of an unknown variable related to a described solution and then they will observe an animation of the solution being prepared. The calculation will require the student to determine either the molarity of solution, volume of solution, or mass of solute needed. Additionally the associated particle diagram for the solution will be displayed to help students better visualize the solution at the particulate level. Finally, students will gain familiarity with the proper lab techniques for preparing a solution as they are lead through a step-by-step animated process demonstrating this procedure. The simulation is designed as a five question quiz for students to use multiple times.

  • Density, Concentration, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Test Tube Challenge

    In this lab, students will be challenged to create a density column, consisting of three distinct layers of sugar-water solution. This is an inquiry lab, where the students must apply their understanding of density and concentration in order to devise a successful plan for creating the column correctly.

  • Solute & Solvent, Mixtures | Elementary School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Introduction to Solutions

    In this demonstration, students will recognize that there is a threshold for the amount of salt that can be dissolved into a specified amount of water. Students will be asked to make observations about two different salt water samples to determine if a sample that contains undissolved salt is still considered a solution. The saltiness, or salinity, of the water samples will be used to help students make connections about how the melting of polar ice caps is changing the average salinity of the ocean.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Solubility | High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Saturated Solutions: An Engagement Activity

    In this demonstration, students will observe salt dissolving in water and participate in a think-pair-share activity using teacher-led questions. It is intended to be an introduction to solutions, particularly saturation.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Physical Change | Elementary School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Crystallization of Sugar

    In this demonstration, students will observe how to make rock candy in order to understand how sugar crystals form. They will be able to explain what a supersaturated solution is and how it is relevant to sugar crystallization.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Covalent Bonding, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: T-Shirt Chromatography

    In this activity, students will learn about solubility, saturation, polarity, and intermolecular forces through chromatography techniques.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Molarity, Solubility Rules, Net Ionic Equation, Intermolecular Forces, Beer's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Aqueous Solutions Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach Aqueous Solutions to your students.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Concentration, Pressure, Temperature | High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Exploring Gas Solubility

    In this demonstration, students will explore how changes in pressure and temperature affect the solubility of a gas in an aqueous solution. In addition, students will have the opportunity in a post-demonstration reflection activity to practice using data (in this case their demonstration observations) to make evidence based claims.

  • Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Solubility | Middle School, High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Basic Modeling of the Dissolving Phenomenon

    In this activity, students explore the process of salt dissolving in water using cut-outs of ions and water molecules to model interactions between them. They then use their model to make a prediction about the relative solubility of salt in isopropyl alcohol compared to the solubility in water and design an experiment to test their prediction.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces | Middle School, High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: Advanced Modeling of the Dissolving Phenomenon

    In this activity students build a model of sodium chloride based on their own knowledge of ionic compounds. Then they construct a model of the interactions between water and their salt model to develop an understanding of what caused the salt to dissolve. After refining their models based upon class discussions and critiques, students then construct a model of the interaction between salt and a different solvent, alcohol. Using their models, students make predictions as to which solvent (water or alcohol) would be better at dissolving the salt. Finally students design an experiment to test their prediction. As an extension, students are asked to use their solubility models to explain why calcium carbonate will not dissolve in water, even though it is also an ionic compound.

  • Physical Properties, Observations, Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Mixtures | Middle School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: How Fast Does it Flow?

    In this lesson students explore the viscosity of different mixtures. They measure viscosity of different mixtures and then have the opportunity to design a mixture to attain a particular viscosity. Students will relate their lab experience to the application of viscosity in the real-world as they consider the differences in viscosity between different types of paints.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School, Middle School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: What Does Ironman Eat for Breakfast?

    In this lab students will compare and contrast mixtures and solutions. They will be tasked with extracting iron from various breakfast cereals. They will then conclude which cereal would be the healthiest for Iron Man to eat for breakfast.

  • Mixtures, Molecular Structure, Separating Mixtures, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Lesson Plan: What Type of Mixture is Paint?

    In this lesson students will use simple laboratory tests to characterize differences between solutions, colloids, and suspensions. They will then apply those tests to paints to classify them as specific types of mixtures.

  • Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Formula, Molecular Structure, Polymers, Electromagnetic Spectrum | Middle School, High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Video: What is Paint? Video

    This video investigates the composition of paint, while analyzing the fundamental chemistry principles of its main components. Students will learn about the differences between three common paint types, water colors, oil-based and acrylic paint as well as the chemistry of each.

  • Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Chemical Change | Elementary School, Middle School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Soft Eggs

    In this demonstration, students will first observe a reaction between vinegar (acetic acid) and an egg shell (calcium carbonate) to produce a naked egg. Using these eggs, student will analyze how certain substances can move through a membrane and also determine if the membrane is affected.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent | Middle School, High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: What's the Solution?

    In this lab students will choose one factor that can affect the rate at which a solute will dissolve into solution –amount of stirring, temperature, or particle size, and will design a procedure that can be used to determine how it will affect rate of solution. Students will identify one of the factors above as the independent variable and will determine how it affects the solubility rate as supported by time required to dissolve the solute.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent | High School

    Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Root Beer Chemistry

    In this demonstration, students will understand the factors affecting solubility of both a solid and a gas in a liquid through the process of making root beer.

  • Solubility, Solute & Solvent, Reaction Rate, Physical Change | Elementary School

    Lab: M&M's Solution

    In this lab, students will investigate dissolving using M&M’s and will determine whether dissolving happens faster without assistance, or with the assistance of the tongue and teeth.

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