Classroom Resources: States of Matter


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26 – 50 of 78 Classroom Resources

  • Phase Changes, Physical Change | Middle School

    Lab: I Can’t Believe It’s Butter!

    In this lab students will learn about the phases of matter and phase changes while making a small sample of butter.

  • Renewable Energy, Phase Changes, Photosynthesis | Elementary School, Middle School

    Lab: Mini Terrarium

    In this lab, students will learn that even the smallest spaces can have their own climate. They will create a miniature sized terrarium and will observe how sunlight enters in order to warm the air, and in turn heat the soil and seeds. Condensation will build up in the container and the students can observe the water cycle in action, as well as the growth of the seeds over time.

  • Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Matter | Elementary School

    Activity: Analyzing Root Beer Floats

    In this activity students will observe the states of matter while making a root beer float. They will also discover the differences between a solid, a liquid and a gas.

  • Mixtures, Freezing Point, Phase Changes | Elementary School

    Lab: Coffee Creamer Ice Cream

    In this lab, students will investigate how dissolving salt (sodium chloride) in water changes the freezing point of the solution. While investigating this, they will make ice cream from small coffee creamer cups.

  • Phase Changes | Middle School

    Project: Sharing Matter

    In this project, students will design a lesson and activity about the states of matter to share with elementary school students. This project embraces the spirit of the famous quote by Roman philosopher Seneca: by teaching, we learn. In order to successfully teach one of the states of matter to younger students, each group must have advanced knowledge of the subject.

  • Melting Point, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molecular Structure | High School

    Lab: Ionic vs. Covalent Compounds

    In this lab, students will compare two seemingly similar substances, salt and sugar. Through melting a sample of each substance and analyze of their chemical composition, students will draw conclusions regarding ionic and covalent compounds.

  • Phase Changes, Reaction Rate, Reaction Rate, Chemical Change | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Plop & Fizz Investigation

    In the demonstration the teacher will perform a reaction between water and Alka-Seltzer in order to generate the release of carbon dioxide. Students will observe the chemical reaction, while timing the release of carbon dioxide and observe 3 states of matter. This will be repeated 3 times, each time increasing the number of tablets used.

  • Separating Mixtures, Density, Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Culminating Project, Matter | Elementary School, Middle School

    Activity: The Castaway!

    In this activity, students use their knowledge of the properties of matter to create and/or design items needed for survival on a deserted island.

  • Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Freezing Point Depression | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Freezing Ice Cream

    In this lab, students will investigate changing states of matter, chemical reactions, and the properties of ice and salt while creating their own ice cream.

  • Chemical Change, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Scientific Method | Middle School

    Lab: S'more Change Please

    In this lab, students will be able to demonstrate the difference between a physical and chemical change by making ooey, gooey, yet yummy S’mores!

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Matter | Elementary School

    Activity: Matter Can Taste Good!

    In this activity, students will be introduced to the general differences and organization of particles in each state of matter: solid, liquid and gas. They will have the opportunity to compare the samples and then will identify each state of matter during an edible activity.

  • Chemical Change, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Culminating Project, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change | Middle School, High School

    Project: Law of Conservation of Mass Comic Strip

    In this project, students will work in groups to create a comic strip that illustrates understanding of the law of conservation of mass.

  • Phase Changes, Conservation of Matter, Polymers, Chemical Change | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Making Slime

    In this lesson, students explore the science behind chemical reactions as well as the processes used by chemical engineering principles to develop new materials. The idea that mixing two substances can result in an explosion, the release of gas, and the formation of an entirely new substance is both fascinating and mysterious to most young students.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Temperature, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Modeling the Melting of Ice

    In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a phase change.

  • Molecular Motion, Intermolecular Forces | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Molecular Motion

    In this simulation, students will have the opportunity to explore on the molecular level how particles move in three states of matter. They will compare two different substances.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School

    Lab: Heating & Cooling Curve

    In this lab, students will create a phase change graph by adding and removing heat to observe and record data during actual phase changes.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Dry Ice (High School)

    In this lab, students perform several small experiments using dry ice and record their observations.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

    In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Molar Mass, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Observations, Inferences, Molecular Motion, Temperature | High School, Middle School

    Demonstration: What is Temperature?

    In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.

  • Density, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Entropy, Intermolecular Forces, Volume | High School

    Activity: Connecting States to Entropy

    In this activity, students use blocks to model different states of matter and the Kinetic Molecular Theory to understand the concept of entropy. This is a concept mandated by SAT level or AP level high school chemistry class.

  • Observations, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School, Middle School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Freezing Point, Physical Change, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Boiling Point | High School, Middle School

    Demonstration: Energy

    In this demonstration, students will observe the exothermic and endothermic properties of state changes of substances with different freezing and boiling points.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Intermolecular Forces, Volume | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Gas Pressure

    In this lab, students will understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases.

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