Classroom Resources: States of Matter


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26 – 50 of 81 Classroom Resources

  • Phase Changes, Renewable Energy, Photosynthesis | Elementary School, Middle School

    Lab: Mini Terrarium

    In this lab, students will learn that even the smallest spaces can have their own climate. They will create a miniature sized terrarium and will observe how sunlight enters in order to warm the air, and in turn heat the soil and seeds. Condensation will build up in the container and the students can observe the water cycle in action, as well as the growth of the seeds over time.

  • Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Matter | Elementary School

    Activity: Analyzing Root Beer Floats

    In this activity students will observe the states of matter while making a root beer float. They will also discover the differences between a solid, a liquid and a gas.

  • Mixtures, Freezing Point, Phase Changes | Elementary School

    Lab: Coffee Creamer Ice Cream

    In this lab, students will investigate how dissolving salt (sodium chloride) in water changes the freezing point of the solution. While investigating this, they will make ice cream from small coffee creamer cups.

  • Melting Point, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molecular Structure | High School

    Lab: Ionic vs. Covalent Compounds

    In this lab, students will compare two seemingly similar substances, salt and sugar. Through melting a sample of each substance and analyze of their chemical composition, students will draw conclusions regarding ionic and covalent compounds.

  • Phase Changes | Middle School

    Project: Sharing Matter

    In this project, students will design a lesson and activity about the states of matter to share with elementary school students. This project embraces the spirit of the famous quote by Roman philosopher Seneca: by teaching, we learn. In order to successfully teach one of the states of matter to younger students, each group must have advanced knowledge of the subject.

  • Reaction Rate, Phase Changes, Reaction Rate, Chemical Change | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Plop & Fizz Investigation

    In the demonstration the teacher will perform a reaction between water and Alka-Seltzer in order to generate the release of carbon dioxide. Students will observe the chemical reaction, while timing the release of carbon dioxide and observe 3 states of matter. This will be repeated 3 times, each time increasing the number of tablets used.

  • Separating Mixtures, Density, Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Culminating Project, Matter | Elementary School, Middle School

    Activity: The Castaway!

    In this activity, students use their knowledge of the properties of matter to create and/or design items needed for survival on a deserted island.

  • Melting Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Chemical Change, Scientific Method | Middle School

    Lab: S'more Change Please

    In this lab, students will be able to demonstrate the difference between a physical and chemical change by making ooey, gooey, yet yummy S’mores!

  • Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Freezing Point Depression | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Freezing Ice Cream

    In this lab, students will investigate changing states of matter, chemical reactions, and the properties of ice and salt while creating their own ice cream.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Matter | Elementary School

    Activity: Matter Can Taste Good!

    In this activity, students will be introduced to the general differences and organization of particles in each state of matter: solid, liquid and gas. They will have the opportunity to compare the samples and then will identify each state of matter during an edible activity.

  • Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Culminating Project, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change | Middle School, High School

    Project: Law of Conservation of Mass Comic Strip

    In this project, students will work in groups to create a comic strip that illustrates understanding of the law of conservation of mass.

  • Conservation of Matter, Phase Changes, Polymers, Chemical Change | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Making Slime

    In this lesson, students explore the science behind chemical reactions as well as the processes used by chemical engineering principles to develop new materials. The idea that mixing two substances can result in an explosion, the release of gas, and the formation of an entirely new substance is both fascinating and mysterious to most young students.

  • Observations, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Introduction, Physical Change | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Let's Get Physical About Water

    In this lesson, students will learn about the phase changes of matter. During the course of two days students will perform several short experiments in order to change the state of water and they will record their observations.

  • Observations, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Observations, Inferences, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: What is Temperature?

    In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.

  • Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School

    Lab: Lemon Ice

    This activity explores the interaction between salt and water (ice) as a way to further investigate their impact on the state of matter of a substance. Students will use salt and ice to create a slushy lemonade drink without the use of a freezer. They will learn through this hands-on experiment how salt and ice can rapidly cool a liquid.

  • Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Introduction, Molecular Motion, Matter | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Introducing States of Matter

    In this lesson, students will investigate particle behavior in different forms of matter: solid, liquid and gas. Students will have an opportunity to examine a model of the particles in the different states of matter and will also participate in a kinesthetic demonstration of matter. They will also learn what makes the states of matter different from one another when changing from one form to another.

  • Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: The Molecule Dance

    In this activity, students will explain bond and molecular movements by mimicking molecular motion with their own movements.

  • Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Motion, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Comparing Attractive Forces

    In this activity, students will use a simulation to investigate different types of intermolecular forces (London dispersion and dipole-dipole). In the analysis that follows the activity, they will relate IMFs (including hydrogen bonding) to physical properties (boiling point and solubility).

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Combustion, Chemical Change | Elementary School, Middle School

    Demonstration: The Jumping Flame

    In this demonstration, students will observe that the vapor of an extinguished candle flame is ignitable.

  • Physical Properties, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Exploring Intermolecular Forces with Odyssey

    In this simulation, students will learn about the different intermolecular forces. They will use the simulation to see how molecules in various species interact with one another.

  • Density, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature, Sublimation, Interdisciplinary, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Ideal Gas, Volume | High School

    Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide

    In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Scientific Method | Elementary School

    Lab: Ice Cube Race

    In this lab, students will investigate what factors can influence the change in state of matter from a solid to a liquid. They will have the opportunity to make a hypothesis and participate in the design and completion of an experiment.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Distillation, Intermolecular Forces, Isomers, Molecular Structure, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure , Boiling Point, Molecular Geometry, Isomers | High School

    Lesson Plan: Structural Isomers

    In this activity, students will use models to explore structural isomers, and create explanations for the impact of structure on intermolecular forces (London dispersion) and physical properties (boiling point).

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