Classroom Resources: States of Matter

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51 – 75 of 78 Classroom Resources

  • Density, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Physical Change, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Ideal Gas, Volume | High School

    Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide

    In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, SI Units, Volume | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Law Variables

    In this simulation, students investigate variables of a gas. From the computer models, they can see how pressure, temperature, and volume effect gas behavior.

  • Physical Properties, Concentration, Colligative Properties, Boiling Point, Accuracy, Graphing, Molality, Boiling Point Elevation, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Changing Water's Boiling Point

    Download this lab in which students will explore colligative properties in a quantitative approach.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Polarity, Phase Changes, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Phase Changes, Isomers, Distillation, Molecular Structure, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Structure , Boiling Point, Molecular Geometry, Isomers | High School

    Lesson Plan: Structural Isomers

    In this activity, students will use models to explore structural isomers, and create explanations for the impact of structure on intermolecular forces (London dispersion) and physical properties (boiling point).

  • Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: The Molecule Dance

    In this activity, students will explain bond and molecular movements by mimicking molecular motion with their own movements.

  • Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point, Polarity, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Intramolecular Forces, Graphing, Mixtures, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

  • Physical Properties, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Exploring Intermolecular Forces with Odyssey

    In this simulation, students will learn about the different intermolecular forces. They will use the simulation to see how molecules in various species interact with one another.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Comparing Attractive Forces

    In this activity, students will use a simulation to investigate different types of intermolecular forces (London dispersion and dipole-dipole). In the analysis that follows the activity, they will relate IMFs (including hydrogen bonding) to physical properties (boiling point and solubility).

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Distillation, Cracking, Balancing Equations, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil

    In this lesson, students will be introduced to simple distillation while expanding their knowledge of intermolecular forces. Once a simple distillation has been accomplished in the lab, students will then research the various products of fractional distillation of crude oil and report on one of those products.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Pressure, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Review, Distillation, Boiling Point, Volume, Mixtures | High School

    Activity: Physical Properties

    In this activity, students will play a game to review topics relating to physical properties of matter, including mixtures, states of matter, and gas laws. They will be prompted with questions in a PowerPoint and they will use white boards to communicate their answers.

  • Separating Mixtures, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Distillation, Boiling Point, Conservation of Matter, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Distillation of Common Soft Drinks

    In this lab, students will see the distillation procedure using a common soft drink and a simple equipment setup.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Combustion, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Observing a Candle

    In this lab, students accumulate observations of a candle including a look at the combustion reaction's reactants and products.

  • Acids & Bases, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Stearic Acid

    In this lesson, students investigate how stearic acid undergoes a phase change from solid to liquid and back from liquid to solid. Temperature readings will be collected at one-minute intervals once the acid melts, the heat escapes, and the acid cools. Students are introduced to the idea that energy loss does not always result in a continuous temperature drop.

  • Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School

    Lab: Lemon Ice

    This activity explores the interaction between salt and water (ice) as a way to further investigate their impact on the state of matter of a substance. Students will use salt and ice to create a slushy lemonade drink without the use of a freezer. They will learn through this hands-on experiment how salt and ice can rapidly cool a liquid.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Dry Ice

    In this lesson, students will investigate how dry ice undergoes a phase change from solid to gas, skipping the liquid phase under normal temperature and pressure.

  • Separating Mixtures, Mixtures, Solubility, Phase Changes, Physical Change | Middle School

    Lab: A Solution to Your Mix-up

    In this lab, students will perform a step by step process of mixing and separating substances based on their states and solubility in order to solve a problem.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Scientific Method | Elementary School

    Lab: Ice Cube Race

    In this lab, students will investigate what factors can influence the change in state of matter from a solid to a liquid. They will have the opportunity to make a hypothesis and participate in the design and completion of an experiment.

  • Physical Properties, Phase Changes, Introduction, Molecular Motion, Matter | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Introducing States of Matter

    In this lesson, students will investigate particle behavior in different forms of matter: solid, liquid and gas. Students will have an opportunity to examine a model of the particles in the different states of matter and will also participate in a kinesthetic demonstration of matter. They will also learn what makes the states of matter different from one another when changing from one form to another.

  • Observations, Melting Point, Phase Changes, Introduction, Physical Change | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Let's Get Physical About Water

    In this lesson, students will learn about the phase changes of matter. During the course of two days students will perform several short experiments in order to change the state of water and they will record their observations.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School

    Lab: Condensation

    In this lab, students will explore the process of condensation. Students will investigate how water vapor condenses, and then they will conduct a comparison test to see if cooling water vapor has an effect on the rate of condensation.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Molecular Motion, Freezing | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Pothole Science

    In this lesson, students investigate how the density and therefore the volume, of water changes when it freezes.

  • Physical Properties, Solubility, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent, Freezing Point Depression, Freezing Point | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Salting Roads in Winter

    In this lesson, students investigate how the freezing point of water changes when salt is added.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Inferences, Physical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Alien Invasion?

    In this lesson, students will explore both physical and chemical changes as they try to help the Department of Homeland Security analyze and identify materials found in a mysterious capsule. Students will examine and observe an unknown object (a frozen water balloon) as it changes (melts). They then mix combinations of everyday substances to observe chemical changes.

  • Density, Melting Point, Inferences, Elements, Periodic Table, Matter, Chemical Properties | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Mystery Metals

    In this lesson, students will make measurements, calculations, and inferences to help solve a mystery about the identity of an unknown metal.

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