Classroom Resources: States of Matter


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51 – 75 of 81 Classroom Resources

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Molecular Motion, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

    In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School

    Lab: Heating & Cooling Curve

    In this lab, students will create a phase change graph by adding and removing heat to observe and record data during actual phase changes.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Molar Mass, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Acids & Bases, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Stearic Acid

    In this lesson, students investigate how stearic acid undergoes a phase change from solid to liquid and back from liquid to solid. Temperature readings will be collected at one-minute intervals once the acid melts, the heat escapes, and the acid cools. Students are introduced to the idea that energy loss does not always result in a continuous temperature drop.

  • Separating Mixtures, Mixtures, Solubility, Phase Changes, Physical Change | Middle School

    Lab: A Solution to Your Mix-up

    In this lab, students will perform a step by step process of mixing and separating substances based on their states and solubility in order to solve a problem.

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, Temperature, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Motion, Volume | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Gas Pressure

    In this lab, students will understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases.

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, Temperature, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Molecular Motion, SI Units, Volume | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Law Variables

    In this simulation, students investigate variables of a gas. From the computer models, they can see how pressure, temperature, and volume effect gas behavior.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Polarity, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Distillation, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Cracking, Balancing Equations, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil

    In this lesson, students will be introduced to simple distillation while expanding their knowledge of intermolecular forces. Once a simple distillation has been accomplished in the lab, students will then research the various products of fractional distillation of crude oil and report on one of those products.

  • Physical Properties, Solubility, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent, Freezing Point Depression, Freezing Point | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Salting Roads in Winter

    In this lesson, students investigate how the freezing point of water changes when salt is added.

  • Freezing Point, Physical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Temperature, Boiling Point | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy

    In this demonstration, students will observe the exothermic and endothermic properties of state changes of substances with different freezing and boiling points.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Molecular Motion, Freezing | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Pothole Science

    In this lesson, students investigate how the density and therefore the volume, of water changes when it freezes.

  • Observations, Density, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Sublimation, Temperature | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Dry Ice

    In this lesson, students will investigate how dry ice undergoes a phase change from solid to gas, skipping the liquid phase under normal temperature and pressure.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Dry Ice (High School)

    In this lab, students perform several small experiments using dry ice and record their observations.

  • Separating Mixtures, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Distillation, Boiling Point, Conservation of Matter, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Distillation of Common Soft Drinks

    In this lab, students will see the distillation procedure using a common soft drink and a simple equipment setup.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Gas Laws, Pressure, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature, Sublimation, Review, Distillation, Boiling Point, Volume, Mixtures | High School

    Activity: Physical Properties

    In this activity, students will play a game to review topics relating to physical properties of matter, including mixtures, states of matter, and gas laws. They will be prompted with questions in a PowerPoint and they will use white boards to communicate their answers.

  • Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Molecular Structure, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Lewis Structures, Mixtures, Intramolecular Forces, Graphing | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

  • Solubility, Reaction Rate, Physical Change, Phase Changes, Solute & Solvent, Molecular Motion | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Particles in Motion

    In this lesson, students learn that particles that make up matter are in constant motion.

  • Density, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Entropy, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Motion, Volume | High School

    Activity: Connecting States to Entropy

    In this activity, students use blocks to model different states of matter and the Kinetic Molecular Theory to understand the concept of entropy. This is a concept mandated by SAT level or AP level high school chemistry class.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School

    Lab: Condensation

    In this lab, students will explore the process of condensation. Students will investigate how water vapor condenses, and then they will conduct a comparison test to see if cooling water vapor has an effect on the rate of condensation.

  • Physical Properties, Concentration, Colligative Properties, Boiling Point, Accuracy, Graphing, Error Analysis, Boiling Point Elevation, Molality | High School

    Lab: Changing Water's Boiling Point

    Download this lab in which students will explore colligative properties in a quantitative approach.

  • Observations, Physical Change, Inferences, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent, Identifying an Unknown, Chemical Change | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Alien Invasion?

    In this lesson, students will explore both physical and chemical changes as they try to help the Department of Homeland Security analyze and identify materials found in a mysterious capsule. Students will examine and observe an unknown object (a frozen water balloon) as it changes (melts). They then mix combinations of everyday substances to observe chemical changes.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Combustion, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Observing a Candle

    In this lab, students accumulate observations of a candle including a look at the combustion reaction's reactants and products.

  • Separating Mixtures, Mixtures, Physical Change, Physical Change, Phase Changes, Introduction, Solute & Solvent, Interdisciplinary, Distillation, Mixtures | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Now I Can Drink the Water!

    In this lesson, students review important concepts of the water cycle and then design, test, and evaluate a working model of a desalination plant (a distiller).

  • Density, Melting Point, Inferences, Elements, Periodic Table, Matter, Chemical Properties | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Mystery Metals

    In this lesson, students will make measurements, calculations, and inferences to help solve a mystery about the identity of an unknown metal.

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