Classroom Resources: States of Matter


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51 – 74 of 74 Classroom Resources

  • Density, Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Freezing Point, Polarity, Phase Changes, Intermolecular Forces, Colligative Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point Depression, Mixtures | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Observations, Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Distillation, Cracking, Balancing Equations, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point | High School

    Lesson Plan: Fractional Distillation of Crude Oil

    In this lesson, students will be introduced to simple distillation while expanding their knowledge of intermolecular forces. Once a simple distillation has been accomplished in the lab, students will then research the various products of fractional distillation of crude oil and report on one of those products.

  • Physical Properties, Solubility, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent, Freezing Point Depression, Freezing Point | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Salting Roads in Winter

    In this lesson, students investigate how the freezing point of water changes when salt is added.

  • Freezing Point, Physical Change, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Boiling Point | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy

    In this demonstration, students will observe the exothermic and endothermic properties of state changes of substances with different freezing and boiling points.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Molecular Motion, Freezing | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Pothole Science

    In this lesson, students investigate how the density and therefore the volume, of water changes when it freezes.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Dry Ice

    In this lesson, students will investigate how dry ice undergoes a phase change from solid to gas, skipping the liquid phase under normal temperature and pressure.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Dry Ice (High School)

    In this lab, students perform several small experiments using dry ice and record their observations.

  • Separating Mixtures, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Distillation, Boiling Point, Conservation of Matter, Mixtures | High School

    Lab: Distillation of Common Soft Drinks

    In this lab, students will see the distillation procedure using a common soft drink and a simple equipment setup.

  • Separating Mixtures, Physical Properties, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Pressure, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Review, Distillation, Boiling Point, Volume, Mixtures | High School

    Activity: Physical Properties

    In this study game, students will review topics including the scientific method and states of matter.

  • Physical Properties, Mixtures, Solubility, Melting Point, Intermolecular Forces, Freezing Point, Polarity, Molecular Structure, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Intramolecular Forces, Graphing, Mixtures, Lewis Structures | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

  • Solubility, Physical Change, Phase Changes, Reaction Rate, Solute & Solvent, Molecular Motion | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Particles in Motion

    In this lesson, students learn that particles that make up matter are in constant motion.

  • Density, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Entropy, Intermolecular Forces, Volume | High School

    Activity: Connecting States to Entropy

    In this activity, students use blocks to model different states of matter and the Kinetic Molecular Theory to understand the concept of entropy. This is a concept mandated by SAT level or AP level high school chemistry class.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School, Elementary School

    Lab: Condensation

    In this lab, students will explore the process of condensation. Students will investigate how water vapor condenses, and then they will conduct a comparison test to see if cooling water vapor has an effect on the rate of condensation.

  • Physical Properties, Concentration, Colligative Properties, Boiling Point, Accuracy, Graphing, Molality, Boiling Point Elevation, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Changing Water's Boiling Point

    Download this lab in which students will explore colligative properties in a quantitative approach.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Inferences, Physical Change, Identifying an Unknown, Solute & Solvent | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Alien Invasion?

    In this lesson, students will explore both physical and chemical changes as they try to help the Department of Homeland Security analyze and identify materials found in a mysterious capsule. Students will examine and observe an unknown object (a frozen water balloon) as it changes (melts). They then mix combinations of everyday substances to observe chemical changes.

  • Observations, Phase Changes, Combustion, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Observing a Candle

    In this lab, students accumulate observations of a candle including a look at the combustion reaction's reactants and products.

  • Separating Mixtures, Mixtures, Physical Change, Physical Change, Phase Changes, Introduction, Interdisciplinary, Distillation, Solute & Solvent, Mixtures | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Now I Can Drink the Water!

    In this lesson, students review important concepts of the water cycle and then design, test, and evaluate a working model of a desalination plant (a distiller).

  • Density, Melting Point, Inferences, Elements, Periodic Table, Matter, Chemical Properties | Elementary School

    Lesson Plan: Mystery Metals

    In this lesson, students will make measurements, calculations, and inferences to help solve a mystery about the identity of an unknown metal.

  • Molecular Motion, Intermolecular Forces | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Molecular Motion

    In this simulation, students will have the opportunity to explore on the molecular level how particles move in three states of matter. They will compare two different substances.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Temperature, Heating Curve, Graphing | Middle School, High School

    Lesson Plan: Modeling the Melting of Ice

    In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a phase change.

  • Density, Physical Properties, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Ideal Gas, Volume

    Simulation: Density

    The simulation for the September 2015 issue allows students to investigate the effect of changing variables on both the volume and the density of a solid, a liquid, and a gas sample. Students will analyze the different states of matter at the particle level as well as quantitatively.

  • Density, Molecular Motion | High School, Middle School

    Simulation: Simulation Activity: Density Simulation

    In this simulation, students will investigate the effect of changing variables on both the volume and the density of a solid, a liquid and a gas sample. Students will analyze the different states of matter at the particle level as well as quantitatively. This lesson accompanies the simulation from the September 2015 issue of Chemistry Solutions.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion

    Simulation: Heating Curve of Water

    In the May 2015 issue, students explore the heating curve for water from a qualitative and quantitative perspective. Students compare illustrations of each physical state depicted on the curve and calculate the energy required to transition from one state to another.

  • Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces, Polarity, Physical Change, Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion, Intermolecular Forces

    Simulation: Comparing Attractive Forces

    In the November 2014 issue, students explore the different attractive foreces between pairs of molecules by dragging the "star" image. In the accompanying activity, students investigate different types of intermolecular forces (London dispersion and dipole-dipole). In the analysis that follows the investigation, they relate IMFs (including hydrogen bonding) to physical properties (boiling point and solubility).

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