Classroom Resources: States of Matter


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1 – 23 of 23 Classroom Resources

  • Density, Phase Changes, Specific Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

    Lab: Chemistry is Cooler Stress Test Challenge

    In this lab, students will design and build a device capable of insulating an ice cube submerged in boiling water for two minutes. In this open-ended inquiry based activity, students will be required to critically think about structure and function of the materials they wish to use to build a device to solve a complex real-world problem. Students must consider the thermal properties of the materials, density, and the need to form a non-permeable barrier between the ice cube and the boiling water.

  • Physical Properties, Molecular Motion | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Categorizing States of Matter

    In this activity students will analyze both written statements and images that describe the properties of a solid, liquid or gas. Students will determine which state of matter the description best describes and categorize it accordingly.

  • Mixtures, Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Freezing Point Depression | Middle School, High School

    Lab: How does Salt "Melt" Ice?

    In this lab, students will consider why salt is used to aide in snow clearing and to help keep icy roads safe. They will investigate how salt ‘melts’ ice and determine the best type of salt to do so. Additionally, students will explore the advantages and disadvantages of the various different types of salt.

  • Phase Changes, Elements, Mixture, Compounds | High School

    Activity: Visualizing States of Matter

    In this activity, students will view, sort and classify pure substances and mixtures into the 3 common states of matter found in the laboratory. Students will also discuss their classification system with their teacher and peers.

  • Melting Point, Covalent Bonding, Ionic Bonding, Molecular Structure | High School

    Lab: Ionic vs. Covalent Compounds

    In this lab, students will compare two seemingly similar substances, salt and sugar. Through melting a sample of each substance and analyze of their chemical composition, students will draw conclusions regarding ionic and covalent compounds.

  • Freezing Point | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Freezing Ice Cream

    In this lab, students will investigate changing states of matter, chemical reactions, and the properties of ice and salt while creating their own ice cream.

  • Molecular Motion, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: What is Temperature

    In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.

  • Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Intermolecular Forces Activity

    In this activity, students will represent molecules and energy to investigate the different types of intermolecular forces.

  • Molecular Motion, Molecular Motion | High School

    Activity: The Molecule Dance

    In this activity, students will explain bond and molecular movements by mimicking molecular motion with their own movements.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Physical Change, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Simulation: Intermolecular Forces

    Students will use a simulation to investigate different types of intermolecular forces (London dispersion and dipole-dipole). In the analysis that follows the activity, they will relate IMFs (including hydrogen bonding) to physical properties (boiling point and solubility).

  • Sublimation, Gas Laws | High School

    Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide

    In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

  • Heating Curve | Middle School, High School

    Simulation: Heating Curve of Water

    In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

  • Physical Change, Phase Diagram, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Lab: Heating & Cooling Curve

    In this lab, students will create a phase change graph by adding and removing heat to observe and record data during actual phase changes.

  • Intermolecular Forces, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization | High School

    Lab: Heat of Vaporization

    In this lab, students test whether a substance’s heat of vaporization is determined by its molar mass, the strength of its intermolecular forces, or both.

  • Mixtures, Intermolecular Forces, Intermolecular Forces | Middle School, High School

    Lesson Plan: Fuel Line Antifreeze

    In this lesson students will explore the role of a gasoline additive, fuel line antifreeze (generally methanol or 2‑propanol), in reducing the potential of water to block fuel lines in freezing weather. Students will prepare test tube models of water-contaminated fuel tanks and explore the effect of adding different types of fuel line antifreeze. This lesson can be used to bolster concepts about miscibility, density, intermolecular forces, phase changes (freezing), and colligative properties (freezing point depression).

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Dry Ice (High School)

    In this lab, students perform several small experiments using dry ice and record their observations.

  • Solubility, Intermolecular Forces, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Lab: Physical Properties (High School)

    In this lesson, students investigate how intermolecular forces effect physical properties by investigating substances’ melting points as well as solubility.

  • Density, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Density Lab

    In this lab, students determine the density of several liquids and solids. They then identify an unknown metal by determining its density. They then calculate the percent error within the class for a specific sample.

  • Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Entropy, Intermolecular Forces | High School

    Activity: Connecting States to Entropy

    In this activity, students use blocks to model different states of matter and the Kinetic Molecular Theory to understand the concept of entropy. This is a concept mandated by SAT level or AP level high school chemistry class.

  • Molarity, Colligative Properties, Boiling Point | High School

    Lab: Changing Water's Boiling Point

    Download this lab in which students will explore colligative properties in a quantitative approach.

  • Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Simulation: Molecular Motion

    In this simulation, students will have the opportunity to explore on the molecular level how particles move in three states of matter. They will compare two different substances.

  • Molecular Motion, Heat | Middle School, High School

    Lesson Plan: Modeling the Melting of Ice

    In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a phase change.

  • Density, Molecular Motion | High School, Middle School

    Simulation: Density Simulation

    In this simulation, students will investigate the effect of changing variables on both the volume and the density of a solid, a liquid and a gas sample. Students will analyze the different states of matter at the particle level as well as quantitatively. This lesson accompanies the simulation from the September 2015 issue of Chemistry Solutions.

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