Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics


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26 – 50 of 53 Classroom Resources

  • Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Activation Energy, Energy Diagrams, Bond Energy | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions

    In this simulation, students will evaluate the energy changes in an endothermic and an exothermic chemical reaction. Through the use of this simulation students will have the opportunity to compare how energy is absorbed and released in each reaction. Additionally, students will make a connection between the standard energy diagrams associated with each reaction type.

  • Physical Properties, History, Accuracy, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: The Temperature Guys Video

    This video tells the story of how temperature as we currently know it evolved. The first thermometers invented in the early 1600s are very different than ones we use today!

  • Combustion, Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat of Combustion | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: The Internal Combustion Engine Video

    This video investigates both the mechanical and the chemical processes used in the internal combustion engine, as well as the history and evolution of the combustion engine.

  • Catalysts, Reduction, Combustion, Redox Reaction, Activation Energy, Oxidation | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Catalytic Converters Video

    This video investigates the role of a catalytic converter and its corresponding chemical reactions within a vehicle. Students will learn about both oxidation and reduction reactions and how they, in combination with a catalyst, can impact the molecules released in a car’s exhaust.

  • Renewable Energy, Electricity, Galvanic Cells, Heat, Cathode, Anode | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Alternative Fuels Video

    This video analyzes alternatives to petroleum based fossil fuels, such as biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Temperature, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Modeling the Melting of Ice

    In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a phase change.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

    In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

  • Observations, Inferences, Molecular Motion, Temperature | High School, Middle School

    Demonstration: What is Temperature?

    In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.

  • Physical Properties, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Designing & Engineering a Fast Defroster

    In this activity students use their understanding of energy transfer to “design a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.”  And “evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.”  The real world problem is to help a cook who is trying to make a meal, but realizes some of the ingredients are frozen and must be thawed before he can begin.

  • Observations, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School, Middle School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Understanding Specific Heat

    In this lab, students will get a general idea of specific heat by investigating the mixing of two liquids at different temperatures. In one case, the same liquids will be mixed, in another case different liquids will be mixed.

  • Freezing Point, Physical Change, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Boiling Point | High School, Middle School

    Demonstration: Energy

    In this demonstration, students will observe the exothermic and endothermic properties of state changes of substances with different freezing and boiling points.

  • Observations, Inferences, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Enthalpy | High School, Middle School

    Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs

    In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

  • Observations, Physical Change, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Saturated/Unsaturated/Supersaturated | High School, Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Particle Modeling of Hand Warmers

    In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a physical process, such as the crystallization of a solid from a supersaturated solution.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Kitchen Reaction

    In this lab students will observe an endothermic chemical reaction involving baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid). Students will investigate the signs a chemical reaction has occurred (gas production, change in temperature). Students will perform the lab in an open system so they can see the change of mass due to gas production. This lab is a lead into the topic of conservation of mass. After the lab is completed, the teacher should do a demonstration of the exothermic reaction Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide.

  • Concentration, Reaction Rate, Temperature, Graphing | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Starch-Iodine Clock Reaction

    In this lab, students perform an iodine clock reaction to determine how concentration and temperature effect the reaction rate.

  • Observations, Physical Properties, Chemical Change, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School, Middle School

    Lab: Observing a Chemical Reaction

    In this lab, students will practice making careful observations and measurements while witnessing a chemical change.

  • Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Radiation | Middle School, High School

    Lab: The Most Effective Sunscreen

    In this lab, students will research and compare the effectiveness of various SPF levels in sunscreen lotions. The lotion’s ability to block UV (ultraviolet) radiation from the sun will be tested using a UV bead detector.    

  • Renewable Energy, Pressure, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Volume | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Power That Stinks

    In this lab, students will experiment with creating and capturing biogas, and have an opportunity to look at how energy is created from waste. They will explore the differences between non-renewable and renewable energy sources.

  • Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Designing Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

    In this lab, students will design and test an experiment for producing either an endothermic or an exothermic reaction. The goal of the lab is for students to successfully construct a reproducible procedure for a reaction that either releases or absorbs thermal energy, and that can be supported with data.

  • Electricity, Subatomic Particles, Law of Conservation of Energy, Cathode, Anode, Electron Transfer, Electrons, Electrons | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Battery Basics

    In this lesson students will explore the chemical reaction that occurs within a lead-acid car battery and the role of the battery within a car prior to creating their own batteries.

  • Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School

    Lab: Lemon Ice

    This activity explores the interaction between salt and water (ice) as a way to further investigate their impact on the state of matter of a substance. Students will use salt and ice to create a slushy lemonade drink without the use of a freezer. They will learn through this hands-on experiment how salt and ice can rapidly cool a liquid.

  • Observations, Density, Sublimation, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Temperature | Middle School

    Lesson Plan: Dry Ice

    In this lesson, students will investigate how dry ice undergoes a phase change from solid to gas, skipping the liquid phase under normal temperature and pressure.

  • Temperature, Chemical Change, Interdisciplinary, History, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Greenhouse Gas Simulation

    In this lab, students will create two simulations of the Earth’s atmosphere. They will compare a control model with a one that has an increased presence of carbon dioxide gas in order to analyze how this effects temperature. They will also complete research in order to learn more about the makeup of the Earth’s atmosphere.

  • Interdisciplinary, Atomic Spectra, Identifying an Unknown, Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Emission Spectrum | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Spectral Detective

    In this lab, students will use a spectroscope to view the atomic spectra of various unknown elements. Using their collected data in combination with known atomic spectra, they will identify the chemical elements.

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