Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics


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26 – 50 of 55 Classroom Resources

  • Temperature, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Mega Marshmallows

    In this lab, students will investigate the Kinetic Molecular Theory and particle motion while experimenting with a marshmallow. Students will observe how an increase in kinetic energy will cause particles to increase in motion. This concept will be extended into a discussion about additional real world thermal expansion examples.

  • Temperature, Heat, Temperature | Elementary School, Middle School

    Demonstration: An Uplifting Experience

    In this demonstration, students will investigate what happens to air when it is heated.

  • Electricity, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Heat, Temperature, Molecular Geometry, Electronegativity | Middle School, High School

    Video: The Future of Paint Video

    This video explores the fascinating and innovative scientific advancements of paint. Students will learn how the molecular components in paint are helping to evolve in the world around them. Futuristic paint is capable of replacing light switches, conducting electricity, and regulating temperature amongst other things!

  • Calorimetry, Heat, Hess's Law | High School

    Lesson Plan: Hess’s Law Application

    In this lesson students will determine the ΔHrxn of an unknown reaction using a calorimeter and Hess’s Law.

  • Temperature, Heat, Temperature | Elementary School

    Demonstration: Global Warming in a Jar

    In this demonstration students will learn about the cause and effects of global warming. Students will research about global warming, while also comparing it to a demonstration. This will help students to better understand the effects that temperature change can have on the planet.

  • Heat | Middle School

    Demonstration: Hot Popcorn

    In this demonstration, the teacher will pop popcorn using three different methods (a hot plate, a microwave, and an air popper) so that the students can experience and investigate three types of heat energy transfer: convection, conduction, and radiation.

  • Classification of Reactions, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Determining Endothermic and Exothermic Reaction

    In this lab, students will analyze evidence to determine if a chemical reaction releases energy and can be classified as an exothermic reaction or if it absorbs energy and can be classified as an endothermic reaction.

  • Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Law of Conservation of Energy | High School

    Activity: Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions

    In this activity, students observe industrial-strength snap sticks and chemical cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic reactions.

  • Combustion, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Heat of Combustion | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: The Internal Combustion Engine Video

    This video investigates both the mechanical and the chemical processes used in the internal combustion engine, as well as the history and evolution of the combustion engine.

  • Electricity, Renewable Energy, Heat, Galvanic Cells, Cathode, Anode | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

    Video: Alternative Fuels Video

    This video analyzes alternatives to petroleum based fossil fuels, such as biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells.

  • Concentration, Molarity, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Temperature, Scientific Method, Enthalpy, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Less Than Zero

    In this lab, students will investigate the endothermic reaction between baking soda and HCl. Students will consider stoichiometric ratios, molar concentrations, reaction scale, and calorimetry. The lab starts with a scripted reaction that uses given molar ratios, a glass beaker, and 2-M HCl. They will witness a temperature drop of about 5 to 8 C. Students then adjust the experiment so they can achieve a temperature drop of more than 20 C.

  • Observations, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Molecular Motion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

    In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

  • Le Châtelier's Principle, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Establishing Equilibrium, Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient | High School

    Demonstration: Le Châtelier’s Principle

    In this demonstration, students will witness a system at equilibrium and apply different stresses to see how the equilibrium shifts.

  • Observations, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Kitchen Reaction

    In this lab students will observe an endothermic chemical reaction involving baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid). Students will investigate the signs a chemical reaction has occurred (gas production, change in temperature). Students will perform the lab in an open system so they can see the change of mass due to gas production. This lab is a lead into the topic of conservation of mass. After the lab is completed, the teacher should do a demonstration of the exothermic reaction Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide.

  • Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Understanding Specific Heat

    In this lab, students will get a general idea of specific heat by investigating the mixing of two liquids at different temperatures. In one case, the same liquids will be mixed, in another case different liquids will be mixed.

  • Solute & Solvent, Concentration, Colligative Properties, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Freezing Point Depression, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Hot and Cold of it All

    In this lesson students will analyze the effectiveness of different brands of antifreeze/coolants and their ability to protect an engine in cold climates. Students will conduct a lab investigation to examine the freezing point depression in samples that have been diluted with distilled water. Students will also determine the specific heat capacities of antifreeze/coolant products as compared to pure water and explain how it relates to thermal energy transfer in the internal combustion engine.

  • Combustion, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Heat of Combustion, Accuracy, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Law of Conservation of Energy, Bond Energy, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: How Much Energy is in Your Snack Food?

    In this lab, students will find the amount of heat energy stored in foods and compare heat calories with food calories.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Molecular Motion, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

    In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School

    Lab: Heating & Cooling Curve

    In this lab, students will create a phase change graph by adding and removing heat to observe and record data during actual phase changes.

  • History, Temperature, Interdisciplinary, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Greenhouse Gas Simulation

    In this lab, students will create two simulations of the Earth’s atmosphere. They will compare a control model with a one that has an increased presence of carbon dioxide gas in order to analyze how this effects temperature. They will also complete research in order to learn more about the makeup of the Earth’s atmosphere.

  • Le Châtelier's Principle, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Activation Energy, Establishing Equilibrium, Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient | High School

    Activity: Reversible Reactions Simulation

    In this activity, students will investigate how temperature, activation energy, initial amounts of products and reactants, and type of reaction (exo- or endothermic) effect the equilibrium position of a reaction using a simulation.

  • Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Energy Diagrams | High School

    Lab: Exothermic and Endothermic Lab

    In this lab, students determine whether mixing two chemicals is endothermic or exothermic. One is a physical change, one is a chemical change.

  • Observations, Inferences, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Enthalpy | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs

    In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

  • Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School

    Demonstration: Dramatic Demonstration of Thermal Conductivity and Specific Heat Capacity

    In this demonstration, students will observe the high thermal conductivity and low heat capacity of copper metal.

  • Classification of Reactions, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Designing Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions

    In this lab, students will design and test an experiment for producing either an endothermic or an exothermic reaction. The goal of the lab is for students to successfully construct a reproducible procedure for a reaction that either releases or absorbs thermal energy, and that can be supported with data.

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