Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics
76 – 100 of 140 Classroom Resources
Mixtures, Solute & Solvent, Intermolecular Forces, Intermolecular Forces, Molecular Formula, Molecular Structure, Polymers, Electromagnetic Spectrum | Middle School, High School
Video: What is Paint? Video
This video investigates the composition of paint, while analyzing the fundamental chemistry principles of its main components. Students will learn about the differences between three common paint types, water colors, oil-based and acrylic paint as well as the chemistry of each.
Reaction Rate, Activation Energy, Catalysts, Combustion, Reaction Rate | High School
Demonstration: Rates of Reactions
In this series of demonstrations, students will be introduced to factors that affect the rates of chemical reactions. They will observe and record their observations, while also describing the rate-influencing factor for each demonstration as well as evidence supporting whether or not the reaction rate was increased or decreased by the factor.
Renewable Energy, Electricity, Galvanic Cells, Cathode, Anode | High School
Video: Hybrid and Electric Cars Video
This video explores the chemistry in the batteries that power hybrid and electric cars.
Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School
Lab: Little Miss Muffet
In this lab, students make homemade glue from milk and compare it to commercial glue.
Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Classification of Reactions | Middle School, High School
Lab: Determining Endothermic and Exothermic Reaction
In this lab, students will analyze evidence to determine if a chemical reaction releases energy and can be classified as an exothermic reaction or if it absorbs energy and can be classified as an endothermic reaction.
Electromagnetic Spectrum | High School
Activity: Electromagnetic Spectrum Book
In this activity, students will create a book that describes all of the individual parts that make up the electromagnetic spectrum.
Atomic Spectra, Emission Spectrum, Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Interdisciplinary, Identifying an Unknown | Middle School, High School
Lab: Spectral Detective
In this lab, students will use a spectroscope to view the atomic spectra of various unknown elements. Using their collected data in combination with known atomic spectra, they will identify the chemical elements.
Culminating Project, Interdisciplinary, History, Renewable Energy | High School
Activity: Understanding Renewable Energy
In this project, students will conduct research in order to become an “expert” on a specific type of renewable energy source. Students will produce a media presentation and a poster board as well as participate in a symposium focused on renewable energy sources.
Exothermic & Endothermic, Classification of Reactions, Energy Diagrams, Bond Energy, Activation Energy, Temperature, Chemical Change | Middle School, High School
Activity: Simulation Activity: Energy Changes in Chemical Reactions
In this simulation, students will evaluate the energy changes in an endothermic and an exothermic chemical reaction. Through the use of this simulation students will have the opportunity to compare how energy is absorbed and released in each reaction. Additionally, students will make a connection between the standard energy diagrams associated with each reaction type.
Exothermic & Endothermic, Law of Conservation of Energy, Heat, Temperature | High School
Activity: Endothermic & Exothermic Reactions
In this activity, students observe industrial-strength snap sticks and chemical cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic reactions.
Temperature, History, Accuracy, Physical Properties | Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: The Temperature Guys Video
This video tells the story of how temperature as we currently know it evolved. The first thermometers invented in the early 1600s are very different than ones we use today!
Heat of Combustion, Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic, Combustion | Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: The Internal Combustion Engine Video
This video investigates both the mechanical and the chemical processes used in the internal combustion engine, as well as the history and evolution of the combustion engine.
Reduction, Oxidation, Redox Reaction, Catalysts, Activation Energy, Combustion | Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: Catalytic Converters Video
This video investigates the role of a catalytic converter and its corresponding chemical reactions within a vehicle. Students will learn about both oxidation and reduction reactions and how they, in combination with a catalyst, can impact the molecules released in a car’s exhaust.
Electricity, Anode, Cathode, Galvanic Cells, Heat, Renewable Energy | Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: Alternative Fuels Video
This video analyzes alternatives to petroleum based fossil fuels, such as biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells.
Calorimetry, Exothermic & Endothermic, Temperature, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Molarity, Enthalpy, Heat, Concentration, Experimental Design, Scientific Method | High School
Lab: Less Than Zero
In this lab, students will investigate the endothermic reaction between baking soda and HCl. Students will consider stoichiometric ratios, molar concentrations, reaction scale, and calorimetry. The lab starts with a scripted reaction that uses given molar ratios, a glass beaker, and 2-M HCl. They will witness a temperature drop of about 5 to 8 C. Students then adjust the experiment so they can achieve a temperature drop of more than 20 C.
Heat, Temperature, Specific Heat, Observations, Molecular Motion | High School, Middle School
Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm
In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.
Temperature, Molecular Motion, Observations, Inferences | High School, Middle School
Demonstration: What is Temperature?
In this demonstration, students will observe food dye mixing with water at different temperatures.
Le Châtelier's Principle, Establishing Equilibrium, Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature | High School
Demonstration: Le Châtelier’s Principle
In this demonstration, students will witness a system at equilibrium and apply different stresses to see how the equilibrium shifts.
Combustion, Limiting Reactant, Catalysts, Gas Laws, Stoichiometry, Activation Energy, Enthalpy, Energy Diagrams, Experimental Design | High School
Lab: Launching Rockets
In this lab, students create a stoichiometric mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases to launch a soda bottle rocket.
Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Redox Reaction, Reaction Rate | High School
Demonstration: Potassium Permanganate Demo
In this demo, students witness two chemicals that take some time to react. The KMnO4 and glycerin come into contact and appear not to react, but then a flame results. This is an example of an exothermic redox reaction.
Conservation of Mass, Exothermic & Endothermic, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature, Observations, Chemical Change | High School, Middle School
Lab: Kitchen Reaction
In this lab students will observe an endothermic chemical reaction involving baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) and vinegar (acetic acid). Students will investigate the signs a chemical reaction has occurred (gas production, change in temperature). Students will perform the lab in an open system so they can see the change of mass due to gas production. This lab is a lead into the topic of conservation of mass. After the lab is completed, the teacher should do a demonstration of the exothermic reaction Hydrogen peroxide and potassium iodide.
Calorimetry, Specific Heat, Heat, Temperature | High School, Middle School
Lab: Understanding Specific Heat
In this lab, students will get a general idea of specific heat by investigating the mixing of two liquids at different temperatures. In one case, the same liquids will be mixed, in another case different liquids will be mixed.
Pros Cons of Nuclear Power, Combustion, Acid Rain, Radiation, Renewable Energy, Radiation | High School
Activity: Town Meeting
In this activity, students will learn about acid rain, gas scrubbers, half-life, chain reactions, and other topics around electricity production through a debate on nuclear power.
Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Conservation of Mass, Stoichiometry, Observations, Inferences, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School
Demonstration: Introducing Limiting Reactants
In this demonstration, the teacher will perform a series of reactions between acetic acid--vinegar-- and varying amounts of sodium bicarbonate --baking soda--in order to inflate several Ziploc bags. Students will observe the reactions and analyze the quantities of reactants used as well as the results in order to understand the concept of limiting reactants. Students will also determine if the reaction is an endothermic or exothermic process based on their observations.
Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Radiation | Middle School, High School
Lab: The Most Effective Sunscreen
In this lab, students will research and compare the effectiveness of various SPF levels in sunscreen lotions. The lotion’s ability to block UV (ultraviolet) radiation from the sun will be tested using a UV bead detector.
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