Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics


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76 – 100 of 115 Classroom Resources

  • Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Understanding Specific Heat

    In this lab, students will get a general idea of specific heat by investigating the mixing of two liquids at different temperatures. In one case, the same liquids will be mixed, in another case different liquids will be mixed.

  • Renewable Energy, Radiation, Pros Cons of Nuclear Power, Combustion, Acid Rain, Radiation | High School

    Activity: Town Meeting

    In this activity, students will learn about acid rain, gas scrubbers, half-life, chain reactions, and other topics around electricity production through a debate on nuclear power.

  • Observations, Inferences, Chemical Change, Stoichiometry, Conservation of Mass, Limiting Reactant, Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

    Demonstration: Introducing Limiting Reactants

    In this demonstration, the teacher will perform a series of reactions between acetic acid--vinegar-- and varying amounts of sodium bicarbonate --baking soda--in order to inflate several Ziploc bags. Students will observe the reactions and analyze the quantities of reactants used as well as the results in order to understand the concept of limiting reactants. Students will also determine if the reaction is an endothermic or exothermic process based on their observations.

  • Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Radiation | Middle School, High School

    Lab: The Most Effective Sunscreen

    In this lab, students will research and compare the effectiveness of various SPF levels in sunscreen lotions. The lotion’s ability to block UV (ultraviolet) radiation from the sun will be tested using a UV bead detector.    

  • Solute & Solvent, Concentration, Colligative Properties, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Freezing Point Depression, Error Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Hot and Cold of it All

    In this lesson students will analyze the effectiveness of different brands of antifreeze/coolants and their ability to protect an engine in cold climates. Students will conduct a lab investigation to examine the freezing point depression in samples that have been diluted with distilled water. Students will also determine the specific heat capacities of antifreeze/coolant products as compared to pure water and explain how it relates to thermal energy transfer in the internal combustion engine.

  • Combustion, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Heat of Combustion, Accuracy, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Law of Conservation of Energy, Bond Energy, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: How Much Energy is in Your Snack Food?

    In this lab, students will find the amount of heat energy stored in foods and compare heat calories with food calories.

  • Exothermic & Endothermic, Reduction, Redox Reaction, Reduction Potentials, Galvanic Cells, Dimensional Analysis, Oxidation, Half Reactions, Cathode, Anode, Gibb's Free Energy , Spontaneous Reactions , Electron Transfer, Electrons, Spontaneous vs. Non-spontaneous Reactions, Spontaneous Reactions | High School

    Lesson Plan: How Far Can We Go?

    In this lesson students compare energy densities of lead acid and lithium ion batteries to understand the relationship between electrochemical cell potentials and utilization of stored chemical energy.

  • Exothermic & Endothermic, Hess's Law, Enthalpy | High School

    Lesson Plan: Hess's Law

    In this lesson, students learn about the concepts of Hess's Law and how to solve problems involving them.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Molecular Motion, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

    In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

  • Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School

    Lab: Heating & Cooling Curve

    In this lab, students will create a phase change graph by adding and removing heat to observe and record data during actual phase changes.

  • Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat of Neutralization, Calorimetry, Specific Heat, Temperature, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Acid Base Reactions, Bond Energy | High School

    Lab: Heat of Neutralization

    In this lab, students carry out an acid base reaction to calculate the heat of neutralization.

  • Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

    Demonstration: Gun Cotton

    In this demo, students will witness a decomposition reaction of gun cotton; a smokeless flame results.

  • History, Temperature, Interdisciplinary, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Greenhouse Gas Simulation

    In this lab, students will create two simulations of the Earth’s atmosphere. They will compare a control model with a one that has an increased presence of carbon dioxide gas in order to analyze how this effects temperature. They will also complete research in order to learn more about the makeup of the Earth’s atmosphere.

  • Concentration, Reaction Rate, Temperature, Graphing | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Starch-Iodine Clock Reaction

    In this lab, students perform an iodine clock reaction to determine how concentration and temperature effect the reaction rate.

  • Renewable Energy, Balancing Equations, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Molecular Structure , Functional Groups | High School

    Lab: Soap or Fuel?

    In this lab, students will transform vegetable oil into a soft soap and into biodiesel fuel. The two reactions emphasize that the products of a chemical reaction are under the control of the chemist. By noting the relationship of the reaction product to the reactants, students will gain a deeper understanding of the law of conservation of matter.

  • Observations, Inferences, Atomic Spectra, Emission Spectrum, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Activity Series, Emission Spectrum, Ions | High School

    Lab: Flame Test: Going Further

    In this lab, students will investigate the colors produced when several mixtures of metallic ions are placed in a flame.

  • Le Châtelier's Principle, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Activation Energy, Establishing Equilibrium, Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient | High School

    Activity: Reversible Reactions Simulation

    In this activity, students will investigate how temperature, activation energy, initial amounts of products and reactants, and type of reaction (exo- or endothermic) effect the equilibrium position of a reaction using a simulation.

  • Interdisciplinary, Culminating Project, Balancing Equations, Combustion, Stoichiometry, Heat of Combustion, Dimensional Analysis | High School

    Lesson Plan: Redesigning a Car for the Environment

    Chemland’s city public transportation board has requested the class to help them determine the direction the city should move towards in reducing the carbon footprint. Students will be divided into groups and will come up with proposals of how to reduce the carbon footprint from carbon dioxide released from vehicles. The groups will represent different ways to reduce the carbon footprint via an alternative fuel source or a new technology. They will debate their findings to determine the direction that the city council should move towards to reduce the carbon footprint.

  • Chemical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat, Temperature, Energy Diagrams | High School

    Lab: Exothermic and Endothermic Lab

    In this lab, students determine whether mixing two chemicals is endothermic or exothermic. One is a physical change, one is a chemical change.

  • Atomic Theory, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Law of Conservation of Energy, Electrons | High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Exciting Electrons

    In this simulation, students will explore what happens when electrons within a generic atom are excited from their ground state. This is a qualitative investigation, not meant to mimic any particular atom.

  • Entropy | High School

    Activity: Entropy

    In this activity, students will define entropy and be able to recognize entropy changes in chemical reactions.

  • Observations, Inferences, Exothermic & Endothermic, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Enthalpy | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs

    In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

  • Freezing Point, Physical Change, Exothermic & Endothermic, Temperature, Boiling Point | Middle School, High School

    Demonstration: Energy

    In this demonstration, students will observe the exothermic and endothermic properties of state changes of substances with different freezing and boiling points.

  • Pressure, Renewable Energy, Conservation of Mass, Chemical Change, Volume | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Power That Stinks

    In this lab, students will experiment with creating and capturing biogas, and have an opportunity to look at how energy is created from waste. They will explore the differences between non-renewable and renewable energy sources.

  • Balancing Equations, Exothermic & Endothermic, Reduction, Electrolysis, Redox Reaction, Oxidation, Half Reactions, Cathode, Anode, Electron Transfer | High School

    Lab: Electrolysis of Water

    In this lab, students will perform the electrolysis of water using a battery, test tubes, thumbtacks, and a plastic cup.

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