# Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics

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1 – 25 of 41 Classroom Resources

• Phase Changes, Heat, Specific Heat, Intermolecular Forces | High School

### Activity: "It's a Phase" Puzzles

In this activity, students will complete either a crossword puzzle or a word search puzzle for common vocabulary terms related to the topics of phase changes and heat transfer. This activity provides an opportunity for students to increase their familiarity with the terms that they will be expected to use when learning about thermochemistry.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Hess's Law, Enthalpy, Error Analysis | High School

### Lab: Utilizing Hess's Law

In this lab, students will use a coffee cup calorimeter to collect data that will allow them to calculate ∆H for two reactions. The first reaction, between sodium bicarbonate and hydrochloric acid is endothermic. The second, between sodium carbonate and hydrochloric pressure, is exothermic. They will then use their experimental values and Hess’s Law to determine ∆H for the decomposition of sodium bicarbonate, compare their calculated value to the theoretical value, and calculate the percent error. This resource includes a prelab presentation and sample calculations.

• Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School

### Simulation: Understanding Specific Heat Capacity

In this simulation, students will play the role of engineer. They will calculate the specific heat capacity of various materials to determine which ones meet stated criteria and then perform a cost analysis to determine which material to use.

• Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

### Activity: Simulation Activity: Understanding Specific Heat

In this simulation, students will play the role of engineer in deciding which materials are the best candidates for a building project. They will calculate the specific heat capacity of various building materials to determine which ones meet the criteria for building an energy efficient home. Students will also do a cost analysis to determine which material to use in their building project. On the student activity sheet, they will answer additional conceptual and numerical questions related to specific heat capacity.

• Chemical Change, Reaction Rate, Chemical Change, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

### Lab: A Comparison of Two Chemical Reactions

In this lab, students will perform two chemical reactions, one between acetic acid and sodium bicarbonate and the other between the citric acid and the sodium bicarbonate in an Alka-Seltzer tablet when dissolved in water. Both reactions will produce gas while reacting in a closed plastic sandwich bag, causing it to inflate. Students will observe the reactions and analyze the results in order to understand indicators of chemical changes, heat flow, and factors that affect reaction rates

• Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | Middle School, High School

### Lab: Energy Transfer Investigation

In this lab, students will experience several examples of energy transfer. They will analyze their observations and interpret their results in an attempt to explain why each transfer took place.

• Electricity, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Heat, Temperature, Molecular Geometry, Electronegativity | Middle School, High School

### Activity: Future of Paint Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the fascinating and innovative scientific advancements of paint. During the video, Students will learn how the molecular components in paint are helping to evolve in the world around them.

• Renewable Energy, Introduction, Interdisciplinary, History, Polymers, Heat, Molecular Structure | Middle School, High School

### Video: Frontiers of Chemistry

This video explores new scientific developments that were made possible by the application of fundamental chemistry concepts. Students will learn about exciting advances in science and technology focused on three main topics: Solar Cells, 3D Printing and Micro Machines.

• Renewable Energy, Electricity, Galvanic Cells, Heat, Cathode, Anode | High School

### Activity: Alternative Fuels Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the alternatives to petroleum-based fossil fuels such as biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells. Students will learn about the pros and cons of various fuel sources, as well as possibilities for the future of fuels.

• Polymers, Combustion, Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat of Combustion, Molecular Structure | High School

### Activity: The Internal Combustion Engine Video Questions

In this activity, students will watch a video and answer related questions about the mechanical and chemical processed used in the internal combustion engine. Additionally they will learn about reactions and fuel types as well as the history and evolution of the combustion engine.

• Interdisciplinary, Heat, Temperature, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Graphing, Radiation, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

### Lesson Plan: The Ozone Layer

In this lesson, students will develop an explanation for the consequences of ozone depletion on Earth by planning and carrying out an investigation. Students will use analysis and interpretation of data to develop a model to explain the cause and effect of Ozone depletion on the planet Earth.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat | High School

### Activity: Heat Flow Process Engineering Optimization

In this activity, students will use a team-based approach to solve the problem of upscaling a chemical process from lab scale to production scale for a hypothetical reaction. The project involves thermochemistry concepts of heat and calorimetry, along with conversion factors. The students will use a team-oriented problem-solving approach. The emphasis is placed on data driven decision making.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Entropy, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Hess's Law, Gibb's Free Energy , Enthalpy, Energy Diagrams | High School

### Lesson Plan: Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics Unit Plan

The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach thermochemistry and thermodynamics to your students.

• Melting Point, Phase Changes, Phase Diagram, Molecular Motion, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Law of Conservation of Energy | High School

### Lesson Plan: Phase Changes and Heat Transfer Unit Plan

The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the Phase Changes and Heat Transfer to your students.

• Renewable Energy, Introduction, Interdisciplinary, History, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Heat | Middle School, High School

### Activity: The Frontiers of Chemistry: Video Questions

In this activity, students will answer questions while watching a video about several exciting scientific developments, including solar cells, 3D printing and micro machines. This video will help students understand that fundamental chemistry concepts are essential to the advancement of science and technology.

• Temperature, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

### Lab: Mega Marshmallows

In this lab, students will investigate the Kinetic Molecular Theory and particle motion while experimenting with a marshmallow. Students will observe how an increase in kinetic energy will cause particles to increase in motion. This concept will be extended into a discussion about additional real world thermal expansion examples.

• Electricity, Polymers, Molecular Structure, Heat, Temperature, Molecular Geometry, Electronegativity | Middle School, High School

### Video: The Future of Paint Video

This video explores the fascinating and innovative scientific advancements of paint. Students will learn how the molecular components in paint are helping to evolve in the world around them. Futuristic paint is capable of replacing light switches, conducting electricity, and regulating temperature amongst other things!

• Calorimetry, Heat, Hess's Law | High School

### Lesson Plan: Hess’s Law Application

In this lesson students will determine the ΔHrxn of an unknown reaction using a calorimeter and Hess’s Law.

• Classification of Reactions, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic | Middle School, High School

### Lab: Determining Endothermic and Exothermic Reaction

In this lab, students will analyze evidence to determine if a chemical reaction releases energy and can be classified as an exothermic reaction or if it absorbs energy and can be classified as an endothermic reaction.

• Combustion, Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat of Combustion | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

### Video: The Internal Combustion Engine Video

This video investigates both the mechanical and the chemical processes used in the internal combustion engine, as well as the history and evolution of the combustion engine.

• Renewable Energy, Electricity, Galvanic Cells, Heat, Cathode, Anode | Elementary School, Middle School, High School

### Video: Alternative Fuels Video

This video analyzes alternatives to petroleum based fossil fuels, such as biofuels and hydrogen fuel cells.

• Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Temperature, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School, Middle School

### Lesson Plan: Modeling the Melting of Ice

In this lesson, students will create a particulate model of matter that explains energy changes and transfer during a phase change.

• Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Physical Change, Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Graphing | High School

### Lab: Heating & Cooling Curve

In this lab, students will create a phase change graph by adding and removing heat to observe and record data during actual phase changes.

• Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | High School, Middle School

### Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

• Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Activation Energy, Le Châtelier's Principle, Establishing Equilibrium, Equilibrium Constants, Reaction Quotient | High School

### Activity: Reversible Reactions Simulation

In this activity, students will investigate how temperature, activation energy, initial amounts of products and reactants, and type of reaction (exo- or endothermic) effect the equilibrium position of a reaction using a simulation.

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Grade Level: High School