Classroom Resources: Gases


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  • Gas Laws, Stoichiometry, Mole Concept | High School

    Lab: Investigating the Self-Inflating Balloon

    In this lab, students will investigate the chemical reaction used in the self-inflating balloon. They will apply their knowledge of gas laws and stoichiometry in order to determine the quantities of reactants used to inflate the balloon.

  • Gas Laws, Molar Mass, Ideal Gas, Partial Pressure | High School

    Lab: Determination of the Molar Mass of Butane

    In this lab, students will experimentally determine the molar mass of a gas, specifically butane (C4H10), by collection over water. This experiment is an inquiry based experiment for 2nd year chemistry or AP chemistry students who have previously collected an insoluble gas.

  • Gas Laws, Stoichiometry, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Partial Pressure | High School

    Lab: Determination of the Ideal Gas Law Constant

    In this lab, students will collect a gas sample over water and use multiple scientific principles including stoichiometry and gas laws to experimentally determine the Ideal Gas Law Constant (R).

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume | High School

    Lab: Deriving the Gas Laws

    In this lab, students will investigate the relationships of the variables related to gases. They will draw particle diagrams and derive equations to express these relationships. They will then combine these relationships to derive the combined gas law and the ideal gas law. Finally, they will use the molar volume of a gas at STP to derive the ideal gas constant, R.

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume | High School

    Demonstration: Inflate and Shrink Wrap a Student

    In this demonstration, students will observe two situations. First a student will be lifted off the desk as other students blow air into straws connected to a garbage bag in order to inflate it. Secondly, the class will observe a garbage bag shrink wrapping a student as a vacuum removes air from the bag.

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, History, Volume | High School, Middle School

    Activity: Robert Boyle Video Questions

    In this activity, students will watch a video and answer questions about Robert Boyle. They will learn about his impact in chemistry, including Boyle’s Law which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Volume | Middle School, Elementary School

    Demonstration: Candle Mystery

    In this demonstration, students will observe and analyze how the change in temperature of a gas can affect the volume of a gas.

  • Gas Laws, Stoichiometry | High School

    Lab: Carbonate Identification

    In this lab students use gas laws and stoichiometry, along with some balloons and simple measuring tools, to identify a metal carbonate from a short list of possibilities.

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, History, Volume | High School, Middle School, Elementary School

    Video: Robert Boyle Video

    This video tells the story of Robert Boyle, a great chemist and discoverer of Boyle's Law, which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume | High School, Middle School

    Animation: Gases Animation

    In this animation, students will visualize how volume, temperature, and quality of a gas are related. This is done qualitatively and quantitatively. **This video has no audio**

  • Gas Laws, History, Mole Concept, Measurements, Ideal Gas | High School

    Video: Amedeo Avogadro Video

    This video tells the story of Amedeo Avogadro, the scientist given credit for the mole concept, but who discovered other things in chemistry too.

  • Gas Laws, Catalysts, Combustion, Stoichiometry, Limiting Reactant, Enthalpy, Activation Energy, Energy Diagrams, Experimental Design | High School

    Lab: Launching Rockets

    In this lab, students create a stoichiometric mixture of hydrogen and oxygen gases to launch a soda bottle rocket.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume | High School

    Activity: Understanding Gas Laws

    In this activity, students use an online program to investigate gas laws.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume | High School

    Lab: Three Station Gas Lab

    In this lab, students will investigate relationships of variables involved with gases. They will draw pictures and explain in words what they observe and why.

  • Density, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Physical Change, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Ideal Gas, Volume | High School

    Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide

    In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

  • Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume | Elementary School

    Lab: The Growing Marshmallow

    In this lab, students will investigate the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas, using a plastic syringe and a marshmallow.

  • Gas Laws, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Error Analysis | High School

    Lab: Ideal Gas Law

    In this lab, students use the reaction of an antacid table with water to inflate a balloon. They then use the ideal gas law to determine the number of moles of gas produced by the reaction.

  • Density, Temperature, Chemical Change, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Balancing Equations, Stoichiometry, Chemical Change, Dimensional Analysis, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume, Graphing | High School

    Lesson Plan: The Gas Laws Unit Plan

    The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the Gas Laws to your students.

  • Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Scientific Method, Volume, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Hot Air Balloon

    In this activity, students use their knowledge of Charles’ law to build a hot air balloon and evaluate its design.

  • Gas Laws, Concentration, Molarity, Electrolysis, Stoichiometry, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Ideal Gas, Electrons | High School

    Lesson Plan: Stoichiometry Set-up Method

    In this lesson, students will learn how to follow a process of visual cues in combination with a step-by-step problem solving method for different types of stoichiometric problems. This method can be particularly beneficial for students who struggle with completing multi-step calculations.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Volume | High School

    Lesson Plan: Gases Unit Plan

    In this lesson, students will investigate gases similar to how scientists learned about them “back in the day.” Students begin by investigating gas behavior, then they investigate gas density and use this to interpret Avogadro’s hypothesis that gases under the same conditions combine in simple whole number ratios.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Intermolecular Forces, Volume | Middle School, High School

    Lab: Gas Pressure

    In this lab, students will understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume, Graphing | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Laws

    In this simulation, students will investigate three of the fundamental gas laws, including Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law and Gay-Lussac’s Law. Students will have the opportunity to visually examine the effect of changing the associated variables of pressure, volume, or temperature in each situation. Also, students will analyze the gas samples at the particle level as well as manipulate quantitative data in each scenario. Finally students will interpret trends in the data by examining the graph associated with each of the gas laws. This lesson accompanies the simulation from the November 2015 issue of Chemistry Solutions.

  • Gas Laws, Rate of Effusion | High School

    Activity: Gas Laws

    In this activity, students will examine gas laws by carrying out several computer simulations.

  • Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, SI Units, Volume | Middle School, High School

    Activity: Simulation Activity: Gas Law Variables

    In this simulation, students investigate variables of a gas. From the computer models, they can see how pressure, temperature, and volume effect gas behavior.

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