Classroom Resources: Gases
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Density, Physical Properties, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Ideal Gas, Volume
Simulation: Density
The simulation for the September 2015 issue allows students to investigate the effect of changing variables on both the volume and the density of a solid, a liquid, and a gas sample. Students will analyze the different states of matter at the particle level as well as quantitatively.

Gas Laws
Simulation: Gas Laws Simulation
The simulation for the November 2015 issue allows students to investigate three of the fundamental gas laws, including Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law and GayLussac’s Law. Students will have the opportunity to visually examine the effect of changing the associated variables of pressure, volume, or temperature in each situation. Also, students will analyze the gas samples at the particle level as well as manipulate quantitative data in each scenario. Finally students will interpret trends in the data by examining the graph associated with each of the gas laws.

Gas Laws, Stoichiometry, Mole Concept  High School
Lab: Investigating the SelfInflating Balloon
In this lab, students will investigate the chemical reaction used in the selfinflating balloon. They will apply their knowledge of gas laws and stoichiometry in order to determine the quantities of reactants used to inflate the balloon.

Gas Laws, Molar Mass, Ideal Gas, Partial Pressure  High School
Lab: Determination of the Molar Mass of Butane
In this lab, students will experimentally determine the molar mass of a gas, specifically butane (C4H10), by collection over water. This experiment is an inquiry based experiment for 2nd year chemistry or AP chemistry students who have previously collected an insoluble gas.

Gas Laws, Stoichiometry, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Partial Pressure  High School
Lab: Determination of the Ideal Gas Law Constant
In this lab, students will collect a gas sample over water and use multiple scientific principles including stoichiometry and gas laws to experimentally determine the Ideal Gas Law Constant (R).

Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lab: Deriving the Gas Laws
In this lab, students will investigate the relationships of the variables related to gases. They will draw particle diagrams and derive equations to express these relationships. They will then combine these relationships to derive the combined gas law and the ideal gas law. Finally, they will use the molar volume of a gas at STP to derive the ideal gas constant, R.

Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume  High School
Demonstration: Inflate and Shrink Wrap a Student
In this demonstration, students will observe two situations. First a student will be lifted off the desk as other students blow air into straws connected to a garbage bag in order to inflate it. Secondly, the class will observe a garbage bag shrink wrapping a student as a vacuum removes air from the bag.

Gas Laws, Pressure, History, Volume  Middle School, High School
Activity: Robert Boyle Video Questions
In this activity, students will watch a video and answer questions about Robert Boyle. They will learn about his impact in chemistry, including Boyle’s Law which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Volume  Elementary School, Middle School
Demonstration: Candle Mystery
In this demonstration, students will observe and analyze how the change in temperature of a gas can affect the volume of a gas.

Gas Laws, Stoichiometry  High School
Lab: Carbonate Identification
In this lab students use gas laws and stoichiometry, along with some balloons and simple measuring tools, to identify a metal carbonate from a short list of possibilities.

Gas Laws, Pressure, History, Volume  Elementary School, Middle School, High School
Video: Robert Boyle Video
This video tells the story of Robert Boyle, a great chemist and discoverer of Boyle's Law, which describes the relationship between pressure and volume of a gas.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Volume  Middle School, High School
Animation: Gases Animation
In this animation, students will visualize how volume, temperature, and quality of a gas are related. This is done qualitatively and quantitatively. **This video has no audio**

Gas Laws, History, Mole Concept, Measurements, Ideal Gas  High School
Video: Amedeo Avogadro Video
This video tells the story of Amedeo Avogadro, the scientist given credit for the mole concept, but who discovered other things in chemistry too.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Molecular Motion, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Intermolecular Forces, Volume  High School, Middle School
Lab: Gas Pressure
In this lab, students will understand what causes pressure in a container and the variables that affect pressure (volume, temperature, number of moles) by mimicking molecular motion of gases.

Gas Laws, Percent Yield, Stoichiometry, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Ideal Gas Law
In this lab, students use the reaction of an antacid table with water to inflate a balloon. They then use the ideal gas law to determine the number of moles of gas produced by the reaction.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Volume  High School
Activity: Understanding Gas Laws
In this activity, students use an online program to investigate gas laws.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  High School, Middle School
Demonstration: Balloon and Flask
In this demo, students will witness the relationship between temperature and volume as well as temperature and pressure.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  High School, Middle School
Demonstration: Crush the Can
In this demonstration, students will analyze how the change in temperature of a gas can affect the pressure and volume of the gas. Students will watch an engaging demonstration involving a heat source, water vapor and an empty soda can.

Physical Properties, Gas Laws, Pressure, Ideal Gas, Volume, Graphing, Error Analysis  High School
Lab: Boyle's Law
In this lab, students stack books on top of a closed syringe and use the volume change to determine the mass of the books.

Gas Laws, Rate of Effusion  High School
Activity: Gas Laws
In this activity, students will examine gas laws by carrying out several computer simulations.

Density, Temperature, Sublimation, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Phase Changes, Interdisciplinary, Physical Change, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Ideal Gas, Volume  High School
Demonstration: Ideal Gas Law using Carbon Dioxide
In this demonstration, students observe dry ice sublime while the CO2 gas fills a balloon. They then calculate the moles and volume of CO2 produced.

Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Kinetic Molecular Theory, Ideal Gas, Scientific Method, Volume, Experimental Design  High School, Middle School
Activity: Hot Air Balloon
In this activity, students use their knowledge of Charles’ law to build a hot air balloon and evaluate its design.

Observations, Density, Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Measurements, Matter, Volume, Graphing  High School, Middle School
Lab: Pressure Bottle
In this lab, students determine the relationship between volume and pressure of a gas and its temperature and address the common misconception that air does not have mass or density.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lab: Three Station Gas Lab
In this lab, students will investigate relationships of variables involved with gases. They will draw pictures and explain in words what they observe and why.

Temperature, Gas Laws, Density, Pressure, Volume  High School
Lesson Plan: Gases Unit Plan
In this lesson, students will investigate gases similar to how scientists learned about them “back in the day.” Students begin by investigating gas behavior, then they investigate gas density and use this to interpret Avogadro’s hypothesis that gases under the same conditions combine in simple whole number ratios.