# Classroom Resources: Energy & Thermodynamics

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• Phase Changes, Heat, Specific Heat, Intermolecular Forces | High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Activity: "It's a Phase" Puzzles

In this activity, students will complete either a crossword puzzle or a word search puzzle for common vocabulary terms related to the topics of phase changes and heat transfer. This activity provides an opportunity for students to increase their familiarity with the terms that they will be expected to use when learning about thermochemistry.

• Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School

### Simulation: Understanding Specific Heat Capacity

In this simulation, students will play the role of engineer. They will calculate the specific heat capacity of various materials to determine which ones meet stated criteria and then perform a cost analysis to determine which material to use.

• Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

### Activity: Simulation Activity: Understanding Specific Heat

In this simulation, students will play the role of engineer in deciding which materials are the best candidates for a building project. They will calculate the specific heat capacity of various building materials to determine which ones meet the criteria for building an energy efficient home. Students will also do a cost analysis to determine which material to use in their building project. On the student activity sheet, they will answer additional conceptual and numerical questions related to specific heat capacity.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat | High School

### Activity: Heat Flow Process Engineering Optimization

In this activity, students will use a team-based approach to solve the problem of upscaling a chemical process from lab scale to production scale for a hypothetical reaction. The project involves thermochemistry concepts of heat and calorimetry, along with conversion factors. The students will use a team-oriented problem-solving approach. The emphasis is placed on data driven decision making.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Entropy, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Hess's Law, Gibb's Free Energy , Enthalpy, Energy Diagrams | High School

### Lesson Plan: Thermochemistry and Thermodynamics Unit Plan

The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach thermochemistry and thermodynamics to your students.

• Melting Point, Phase Changes, Phase Diagram, Molecular Motion, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Law of Conservation of Energy | High School

### Lesson Plan: Phase Changes and Heat Transfer Unit Plan

The AACT high school classroom resource library and multimedia collection has everything you need to put together a unit plan for your classroom: lessons, activities, labs, projects, videos, simulations, and animations. We constructed a unit plan using AACT resources that is designed to teach the Phase Changes and Heat Transfer to your students.

• Density, Phase Changes, Specific Heat, Exothermic & Endothermic | High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Chemistry is Cooler Stress Test Challenge

In this lab, students will design and build a device capable of insulating an ice cube submerged in boiling water for two minutes. In this open-ended inquiry based activity, students will be required to critically think about structure and function of the materials they wish to use to build a device to solve a complex real-world problem. Students must consider the thermal properties of the materials, density, and the need to form a non-permeable barrier between the ice cube and the boiling water.

• Identifying an Unknown, Calorimetry, Specific Heat | High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: The Search for a Hit and Run Suspect

In this lab, students will determine the specific heat capacity of multiple unknown metal samples through collecting data and completing calorimetric calculations. Students will take on the role of a forensic investigator and use their results to help them determine if a suspect’s vehicle was potentially involved in a hit and run incident.

• Observations, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

### Activity: What Makes Something Feel Warm

In this lesson students actively engage in thinking about energy issues in chemistry and the nature of energy (thermal) transfer. The idea that temperature is a measure of heat content will be challenged, and students will be given the opportunity to collect data that will allow them to clearly see that different materials transfer energy at different rates.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Understanding Specific Heat

In this lab, students will get a general idea of specific heat by investigating the mixing of two liquids at different temperatures. In one case, the same liquids will be mixed, in another case different liquids will be mixed.

• Concentration, Solute & Solvent, Colligative Properties, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Freezing Point Depression, Error Analysis | High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lesson Plan: The Hot and Cold of it All

In this lesson students will analyze the effectiveness of different brands of antifreeze/coolants and their ability to protect an engine in cold climates. Students will conduct a lab investigation to examine the freezing point depression in samples that have been diluted with distilled water. Students will also determine the specific heat capacities of antifreeze/coolant products as compared to pure water and explain how it relates to thermal energy transfer in the internal combustion engine.

• Combustion, Accuracy, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Heat of Combustion, Law of Conservation of Energy, Bond Energy, Error Analysis | High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: How Much Energy is in Your Snack Food?

In this lab, students will find the amount of heat energy stored in foods and compare heat calories with food calories.

• Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion | Middle School, High School

### Activity: Simulation Activity: Heating Curve of Water

In this simulation, students will investigate qualitatively and quantitatively what happens as water changes states.

• Acid Base Reactions, Molarity, Net Ionic Equation, Mole Concept, Dimensional Analysis, Measurements, Heat of Neutralization, Calorimetry, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Bond Energy | High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Lab: Heat of Neutralization

In this lab, students carry out an acid base reaction to calculate the heat of neutralization.

• Observations, Inferences, Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Enthalpy | Middle School, High School

### Access is an AACT member benefit. Demonstration: Energy in Hot and Cold Packs

In this demonstration, students will observe temperature changes in chemical hot and cold packs and discuss processes of endothermic and exothermic changes. They will also see that common household products can be used to make a hot and cold pack.

• Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature | High School

### Demonstration: Dramatic Demonstration of Thermal Conductivity and Specific Heat Capacity

In this demonstration, students will observe the high thermal conductivity and low heat capacity of copper metal.

• Physical Properties, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Scientific Method, Experimental Design | Middle School, High School

### Lesson Plan: Designing & Engineering a Fast Defroster

In this activity students use their understanding of energy transfer to “design a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.”  And “evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem, based on scientific knowledge, student-generated sources of evidence, prioritized criteria, and tradeoff considerations.”  The real world problem is to help a cook who is trying to make a meal, but realizes some of the ingredients are frozen and must be thawed before he can begin.

• Calorimetry, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Exothermic & Endothermic, Scientific Method, Graphing, Experimental Design | High School

### Lab: Cool Science: Building and Testing a Model Radiator

In this lab students construct a model of a car radiator to investigate parameters that lead to efficient cooling. Students investigate multiple variables as they experiment with various radiator designs. This lesson focuses on thermochemistry calculations and engineering practices.

• Specific Heat, Temperature, Heat of Combustion | High School

### Demonstration: Measuring Heat

In this demonstration students will observe what happens to the temperature of water when different volumes of hot water are added and also when copper, the same temperature as the hot water is added.

• Melting Point, Freezing Point, Phase Changes, Molecular Motion, Heat, Specific Heat, Temperature, Intermolecular Forces, Heating Curve, Boiling Point, Heat of Vaporization , Heat of Fusion

### Simulation: Heating Curve of Water

In the May 2015 issue, students explore the heating curve for water from a qualitative and quantitative perspective. Students compare illustrations of each physical state depicted on the curve and calculate the energy required to transition from one state to another.